||The volcanic complex of Mts. Cimini (~0. 90-1. 30Ma) represents the geographical and chronological transition between the Tuscan Magmatic Province (TMP) and the Roman Magmatic Province (RMP), in central Italy. Major and trace elements, and Sr, Nd and Pb isotopes of whole-rock, as well as mineral chemistry analyses, were carried out on samples representative of the different petrographic and chronological units of Mts. Cimini. In particular, we focused on the olivine-bearing latites of Mts. Cimini that are the most mafic magmas, belong to the last phase of this volcanic activity, and are heterogeneous in highly incompatible element ratios and Sr-isotope compositions. We suggest that such heterogeneity reflects the occurrence of a heterogeneous upper mantle beneath central Italy, in which different portions, e. g. , the sources of both the TMP and RMP, are characterized by distinct geochemical and petrographic features. In this scenario, about 900ka ago, the olivine-bearing latites mark the progressive decline of the TMP magma production in favour of partial melting of the RMP mantle region, thus recording the coexistence of both ultrapotassic alkaline and calc-alkaline magmas in the same volcanic region.