Per citar aquest document: http://ddd.uab.cat/record/85970
Medical Geology : a globally emerging discipline
Bunnell, Joseph E. (US Geological Survey)
Finkelman, Robert B. (US Geological Survey)
Centeno, Jose A. (US Armed Forces Institute of Pathology)
Selinus, O. (Olle) (Geological Survey of Sweden)

Data: 2007
Resum: Medical Geology, the study of the impacts of geologic materials and processes on animal and human health, is a dynamic emerging discipline bringing together the geoscience, biomedical, and public health communities to solve a wide range of environmental health problems. Among the Medical Geology described in this review are examples of both deficiency and toxicity of trace element exposure. Goiter is a widespread and potentially serious health problem caused by deficiency of iodine. In many locations the deficiency is attributable to low concentrations of iodine in the bedrock. Similarly, deficiency of selenium in the soil has been cited as the principal cause of juvenile cardiomyopathy and muscular abnormalities. Overexposure to arsenic is one of the most widespread Medical Geology problems affecting more than one hundred million people in Bangladesh, India, China, Europe, Africa and North and South America. The arsenic exposure is primarily due to naturally high levels in groundwater but combustion of mineralized coal has also caused arsenic poisoning. Dental and skeletal fluorosis also impacts the health of millions of people around the world and, like arsenic, is due to naturally high concentrations in drinking water and, to a lesser extent, coal combustion. Other Medical Geology issues described include geophagia, the deliberate ingestion of soil, exposure to radon, and ingestion of high concentrations of organic compounds in drinking water. Geoscience and biomedical/public health researchers are teaming to help mitigate these health problems as well as various non-traditional issues for geoscientists such as vector-borne diseases.
Drets: Aquest document està subjecte a una llicència d'ús Creative Commons. Es permet la reproducció total o parcial, la distribució, la comunicació pública de l’obra i la creació d’obres derivades, fins i tot amb finalitats comercials, sempre i quan aquestes es distribueixin sota la mateixa llicència que regula l’obra original i es reconegui l’autoria de l’obra original. Creative Commons
Llengua: Anglès.
Document: article ; recerca ; publishedVersion
Matèria: Medical geology ; Environmental health ; Public health ; Human health
Publicat a: Geologica acta, Vol. 5, Núm. 3 (2007) , p. 273-281, ISSN 1696-5728

Adreça alternativa: http://www.raco.cat/index.php/GeologicaActa/article/view/82363
DOI: 10.1344/105.000000299


9 p, 414.4 KB

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