Integrated Earth System Dynamics Laboratory (IESD)

El Integrated Earth System Dynamics Laboratory aborda problemes interdisciplinaris complexos relacionats amb el funcionament del sistema terra-humans. L’objectiu del laboratori és construir coneixement innovador relacionat amb aspectes importants, interessants i poc entesos del sistema terrestre. La major part de la nostra recerca concerneix a l'oceà global. Els enfocaments que utilitzem inclouen (1) compilació i anàlisi de grans conjunts de dades; (2) desenvolupament i execució de models numèrics; (3) desenvolupament de teoria simple per sistemes complexos.

La nostra recerca no es restringeix a fronteres disciplinàries tradicionals, ja que comprèn elements de la ciència del clima, oceanografia, ecologia i ciències socials. Els nostres temes de recerca inclouen (1) interaccions climàtiques, biogeoquímica de l’oceà i d’animals marins; (2) marc general per simulacions dinàmiques de l’esforç pesquer, flotes pesqueres i gestió; (3) influències mediambientals sobre canvis observats en dinàmiques pesqueres globals; (4) predicció de benestar subjectiu; (5) metabolisme de l’ecosistema integral.

Estadístiques d'ús Els més consultats
Darreres entrades:
2019-06-06
15:18
11 p, 2.6 MB Climate change impacts on marine ecosystems through the lens of the size spectrum / Heneghan, Ryan F. (Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona. Institut de Ciència i Tecnologia Ambientals) ; Hatton, Ian A. (Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona. Institut de Ciència i Tecnologia Ambientals) ; Galbraith, Eric D. (Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona. Institut de Ciència i Tecnologia Ambientals)
Climate change is a complex global issue that is driving countless shifts in the structure and function of marine ecosystems. To better understand these shifts, many processes need to be considered, yet they are often approached from incompatible perspectives. [...]
2019 - 10.1042/ETLS20190042
Emerging topics in life sciences, Vol. 3, issue 2 (May 2019) , p. 233-243  
2019-05-20
11:17
Metabolic impacts of climate change on marine ecosystems : Implications for fish communities and fisheries / Carozza, David A. (McGill University. Department of Earth and Planetary Sciences) ; Bianchi, Daniele (University of California. Department of Atmospheric and Oceanic Sciences) ; Galbraith, Eric D. (Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona. Institut de Ciència i Tecnologia Ambientals)
Aim:Climate change will reshape marine ecosystems over the 21st century through diverse and complex mechanisms that are difficult to assess quantitatively. Here, we characterize expectations for how marine community biomass will respond to the energetic consequences of changes in primary production and temperature‐dependent metabolic rates, under a range of fishing/conservation scenarios. [...]
2019 - 10.1111/geb.12832
Global ecology and biogeography, Vol. 28, Issue 2 (January 2019) , p. 158-169
2 documents
2019-02-21
16:15
22 p, 2.5 MB Links between fish abundance and ocean biogeochemistry as recorded in marine sediments / Kavanagh, Lucas (McGill University, Montréal. Department of Earth and Planetary Sciences) ; Galbraith, Eric D. (Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona. Institut de Ciència i Tecnologia Ambientals)
Fish populations are linked to ocean biogeochemistry by their reliance on primary production for food, and dissolved oxygen to breathe. It is also possible that marine fish modify biogeochemical dynamics, as do freshwater fish, through top-down trophic cascades, but there has been relatively little consideration of this possibility. [...]
2018 - 10.1371/journal.pone.0199420
Plos One, Vol. 13, issue 8 (Aug. 2018) , art. e0199420  
2019-02-21
16:08
33 p, 6.0 MB Feasible future global scenarios for human life evaluations / Barrington-Leigh, Christopher (McGill University, Montreal. School of Environment) ; Galbraith, Eric D. (Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona. Institut de Ciència i Tecnologia Ambientals)
Subjective well-being surveys show large and consistent variation among countries, much of which can be predicted from a small number of social and economic proxy variables. But the degree to which these life evaluations might feasibly change over coming decades, at the global scale, has not previously been estimated. [...]
2019 - 10.1038/s41467-018-08002-2
Nature Communications, Vol. 10 (2019) , art. 161  
2018-12-19
15:55
25 p, 1.4 MB The energy metabolism of China and India between 1971 and 2010 : studying the bifurcation / Velasco Fernández, Raúl (Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona. Institut de Ciència i Tecnologia Ambientals) ; Ramos Martín, Jesús (Instituto de Altos Estudios Nacionales (Quito, Equador)) ; Giampietro, Mario (Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona. Institut de Ciència i Tecnologia Ambientals)
This paper presents a comparison of the changes in the energetic metabolic pattern of China and India, the two most populated countries in the world, with two economies undergoing an important economic transition. [...]
2015 - 10.1016/j.rser.2014.08.065
Renewable and sustainable energy reviews, Vol. 41 (Jan. 2015) , p. 1052-1066  
2018-10-22
10:01
43 p, 8.2 MB Rapid coastal deoxygenation due to ocean circulation shift in the northwest Atlantic / Claret, Mariona (Joint Institute for the Study of the Atmosphere and the Ocean) ; Galbraith, Eric D. (Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona. Institut de Ciència i Tecnologia Ambientals) ; Palter, Jaime B. (University of Rhode Island. Graduate School of Oceanography) ; Bianchi, Daniele (University of California. Department of Atmospheric and Oceanic Sciences) ; Fennel, Katja (Dalhousie University. Department of Oceanography) ; Gilbert, Denis (Maurice Lamontagne Institute) ; Dunne, John P. (NOAA Geophysical Fluid Dynamics Laboratory)
Global observations show that the ocean lost approximately 2% of its oxygen inventory over the past five decades1,2,3, with important implications for marine ecosystems4,5. The rate of change varies regionally, with northwest Atlantic coastal waters showing a long-term drop6,7 that vastly outpaces the global and North Atlantic basin mean deoxygenation rates5,8. [...]
2018 - 10.1038/s41558-018-0263-1
Nature Climate Change, Vol. 8 (September 2018) , p. 868–872  
2018-07-19
13:23
22 p, 2.4 MB A protocol for the intercomparison of marine fishery and ecosystem models : fish-MIP v1.0 / Tittensor, Derek P. (United Nations Environment Programme World Conservation Monitoring Centre) ; Eddy, Tyler D. (Dalhousie University. Department of Biology) ; Lotze, Heike K. (Dalhousie University. Department of Biology) ; Galbraith, Eric D. (Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona. Institut de Ciència i Tecnologia Ambientals) ; Cheung, William (Nippon Foundation-Nereus Program) ; Barange, Manuel (FAO (Organisme). Departamento de Pesca y Acuicultura) ; Blanchard, Julia L. (University of Tasmania. Institute for Marine and Antarctic Studies) ; Bopp, Laurent (Laboratoire des Sciences du Climat et de l'Environnement) ; Bryndum-Buchholz, Andrea (Dalhousie University. Department of Biology) ; Büchner, Matthias (Postdam-Institut für Klimafolgensforschung) ; Bulman, Catherine (CSIRO Oceans and Atmosphere) ; Carozza, David A. (McGill University. Department of Earth and Planetary Sciences) ; Christensen, Villy (University of British Columbia. Institute for the Oceans and Fisheries) ; Coll, Marta (Institut de Ciències del Mar) ; Dunne, John P. (United States. National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. Geophysical Fluid Dynamics Laboratory) ; Fernandes, José A. (Plymouth Marine Laboratory) ; Fulton, Elizabeth A. (CSIRO Oceans and Atmosphere) ; Hobday, Alistair J. (CSIRO Oceans and Atmosphere) ; Huber, Veronika (Postdam-Institut für Klimafolgensforschung) ; Jennings, Simon (University of East Anglia. School of Environmental Sciences) ; Jones, Miranda (Nippon Foundation-Nereus Program) ; Lehodey, Patrick (Collecte Localisation Satellites) ; Link, Jason S. (United States. National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration) ; Mackinson, Steve (Centre for Environment, Fisheries and Aquaculture Science (Great Britain)) ; Maury, Olivier (University of Cape Town, Department of Oceanography) ; Niiranen, Susa (Stockholm University. Stockholm Resilience Centre) ; Oliveros-Ramos, Ricardo (Instituto del Mar del Perú) ; Roy, Tilla (Laboratoire des Sciences du Climat et de l'Environnement) ; Schewe, Jacob (Postdam-Institut für Klimafolgensforschung) ; Shin, Yunne-Jai (Institut de recherche pour le développement (France)) ; Silva, Tiago (Centre for Environment, Fisheries and Aquaculture Science (Great Britain)) ; Stock, Charles A. (United States. National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration) ; Steenbeek, Jeroen (Ecopath International Initiative) ; Underwood, Philip J. (United Nations Environment Programme World Conservation Monitoring Centre) ; Volkholz, Jan (Postdam-Institut für Klimafolgensforschung) ; Watson, James R. (Oregon State University. College of Earth) ; Walker, Nicola D. (Centre for Environment, Fisheries and Aquaculture Science (Great Britain)) ; Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona. Departament de Matemàtiques
Model intercomparison studies in the climate and Earth sciences communities have been crucial to building credibility and coherence for future projections. They have quantified variability among models, spurred model development, contrasted within-and among-model uncertainty, assessed model fits to historical data, and provided ensemble projections of future change under specified scenarios. [...]
2018 - 10.5194/gmd-11-1421-2018
Geoscientific model development, Vol. 11 (2018) , p. 1421-1442  
2018-04-09
15:50
21 p, 676.8 KB The ecological module of BOATS-1.0 : a bioenergetically constrained model of marine upper trophic levels suitable for studies of fisheries and ocean biogeochemistry / Carozza, D.A. (McGill University, Montreal. Department of Earth and Planetary Sciences) ; Bianchi, D. (McGill University, Montreal. Department of Earth and Planetary Sciences) ; Galbraith, Eric D. (Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona. Institut de Ciència i Tecnologia Ambientals)
Environmental change and the exploitation of marine resources have had profound impacts on marine communities, with potential implications for ocean biogeochemistry and food security. In order to study such global-scale problems, it is helpful to have computationally efficient numerical models that predict the first-order features of fish biomass production as a function of the environment, based on empirical and mechanistic understandings of marine ecosystems. [...]
2016 - 10.5194/gmd-9-1545-2016
Geoscientific model development, Vol. 9 (2016) , p. 1545-1565  
2018-04-06
17:46
28 p, 3.5 MB Formulation, general features and global calibration of a bioenergetically-constrained fishery model / Carozza, D. A. (Université du Québec à Montréal. Département de Mathematique) ; Bianchi, Daniele (Université McGill. Département de la Terre et des Planètes) ; Galbraith, Eric D. (Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona. Institut de Ciència i Tecnologia Ambientals)
Human exploitation of marine resources is profoundly altering marine ecosystems, while climate change is expected to further impact commercially-harvested fish and other species. Although the global fishery is a highly complex system with many unpredictable aspects, the bioenergetic limits on fish production and the response of fishing effort to profit are both relatively tractable, and are sure to play important roles. [...]
2017 - 10.1371/journal.pone.0169763
PLoS One, Vol. 12, Núm. 1 (January 2017) , e0169763  
2018-04-05
20:52
19 p, 6.1 MB Calibration of the carbon isotope composition (δ13C) of benthic foraminifera / Schmittner, Andreas (Oregon State University. College of Earth, Ocean and Atmospheric Sciences) ; Bostock, Helen C. (National Institute of Water and Atmospheric Research) ; Cartapanis, Olivier (University of Bern. Institute of Geological Sciences and Oeschger Center for Climate Change Research) ; Curry, William B. (Bermuda Institute of Ocean Sciences) ; Filipsson, Helena L. (Lund University. Department of Geology) ; Galbraith, Eric D. (Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona. Institut de Ciència i Tecnologia Ambientals) ; Gottschalk, Julia (University of Bern. Institute of Geological Sciences and Oeschger Center for Climate Change Research) ; Herguera, Juan Carlos (Centro de Investigación Científica y Educación Superior de Ensenada. México.) ; Hoogakker, Babette (Heriot Watt University. Edinburgh) ; Jaccard, Samuel L. (University of Bern. Institute of Geological Sciences and Oeschger Center for Climate Change Research) ; Lisiecki, Lorraine (University of California. Department of Earth Sciences) ; Lund, David C. (University of Connecticut-Avery Point. Department of Marine Sciences) ; Martínez Méndez, Gema (University of Bremen. MARUM-Center for Marine Environmental Sciences) ; Lynch Stieglitz, Jean (Georgia Institute of Technology. School of Earth and Atmospheric Sciences) ; Mackensen, Andreas (Alfred-Wegener Institute for polar and marine sciences. Germany) ; Michel, Elisabeth (Laboratoire des sciences du climat et de l'environnement (LSCE)) ; Mix, Alan C. (Oregon State University. College of Earth, Ocean and Atmospheric Sciences) ; Oppo, Delia W. (Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution. Department of Geololgy and Geophysics) ; Peterson, Carlye D. (University of California. Department of Earth and Planetary Sciences) ; Repschläger, Janne (Max Planck Institute for Chemistry. Germany) ; Sikes, Elisabeth L. (Rutgers University. Institute of Marine and Coastal Sciences) ; Spero, Howard J. (University of California. Department of Earth and Planetary Sciences) ; Waelbroeck, Claire (Laboratoire des sciences du climat et de l'environnement (LSCE))
The carbon isotope composition (δ13C) of seawater provides valuable insight on ocean circulation, air‐sea exchange, the biological pump, and the global carbon cycle and is reflected by the δ13C of foraminifera tests. [...]
2017 - 10.1002/2016PA003072
Paleoceanography, Vol. 32, issue 6 (June 2017) , p. 512-530