ERC Synergy grant - 2013 - 610028: Quantify the responses of ecosystems and society in a world increasingly rich in N and C but limited in Phosphorus

P is an earthbound and finite element and the prospect of constrained access to mineable P resources has already triggered geopolitical disputes. In contrast to P, availabilities of carbon (C) and nitrogen (N) to ecosystems are rapidly increasing in most areas of the globe. The resulting imminent change in the stoichiometry of available elements will have no equivalent in the Earth’s history and will bear profound, yet, unknown consequences for life, the Earth System and human society. The ongoing shifts in C:N:P balances in ecosystems will necessarily affect the structure, function and diversity of the Earth system. P-market crises might put pressure on the global food system and create environmental ripple effects ranging from expansion of agricultural land to P-price-induced changes in land management exacerbating the stoichiometric resource imbalance. Yet, the impacts of this unprecedented human disturbance of elemental stoichiometry remain a research enigma. IMBALANCE-P will provide improved understanding and quantitative foresight to formulate a range of policy options that will contain the risks and mitigate the consequences of stoichiometric imbalances in the Earth System. It will integrate some of Europe's leading integrated assessment and Earth system models, calibrated using ecosystem nutrient limitation data obtained from field experiments. The project will establish an international process of science-based P-diplomacy.

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2019-01-09
17:25
7 p, 1.3 MB Emerging negative impact of warming on summer carbon uptake in northern ecosystems / Wang, Tao (Chinese Academy of Sciences. Center for Excellence in Tibetan Earth Science) ; Liu, Dan (Chinese Academy of Sciences. Key Laboratory of Alpine Ecology, Institute of Tibetan Plateau Research) ; Piao, Shilong (Chinese Academy of Sciences. Center for Excellence in Tibetan Earth Science) ; Wang, Yilong (Laboratoire des Sciences du Climat et de l’Environnement) ; Wang, Xiaoyi (Chinese Academy of Sciences. Key Laboratory of Alpine Ecology, Institute of Tibetan Plateau Research) ; Guo, Hui (Chinese Academy of Sciences. Key Laboratory of Alpine Ecology, Institute of Tibetan Plateau Research) ; Lian, Xu (Peking University. College of Urban and Environmental Sciences) ; Burkhart, John F (University of Oslo. Department of Geosciences) ; Ciais, Philippe (Laboratoire des Sciences du Climat et de l’Environnement) ; Huang, Mengtian (Peking University. College of Urban and Environmental Sciences) ; Janssens, Ivan (University of Antwerp. Department of Biology) ; Li, Yue (Peking University. College of Urban and Environmental Sciences) ; Liu, Yongwen (Peking University. College of Urban and Environmental Sciences) ; Peñuelas, Josep (Centre de Recerca Ecològica i Aplicacions Forestals) ; Peng, Shushi (Peking University. College of Urban and Environmental Sciences) ; Yang, Hui (Peking University. College of Urban and Environmental Sciences) ; Yao, Yitong (Peking University. College of Urban and Environmental Sciences) ; Yin, Yi (Laboratoire des Sciences du Climat et de l’Environnement) ; Zhao, Yutong (Chinese Academy of Sciences. Key Laboratory of Alpine Ecology, Institute of Tibetan Plateau Research)
Most studies of the northern hemisphere carbon cycle based on atmospheric CO2 concentration have focused on spring and autumn, but the climate change impact on summer carbon cycle remains unclear. Here we used atmospheric CO2 record from Point Barrow (Alaska) to show that summer CO2 drawdown between July and August, a proxy of summer carbon uptake, is significantly negatively correlated with terrestrial temperature north of 50°N interannually during 1979–2012. [...]
2018 - 10.1038/s41467-018-07813-7
Nature Communications, Vol. 9 (December 2018) , art. 5391  
2019-01-09
17:23
12 p, 1.8 MB Rhizosphere microorganisms can influence the timing of plant flowering / Lu, Tao (Zhejiang University of Technology. College of Environment) ; Ke, Mingjing (Zhejiang University of Technology. College of Environment) ; Lavoie, Michel (Université Laval. Quebec-Ocean and Takuvik Joint International Research Unit) ; Jin, Yujian (Zhejiang University of Technology. College of Environment) ; Fan, Xiaoji (Zhejiang University of Technology. College of Environment) ; Zhang, Zhenyan (Zhejiang University of Technology. College of Environment) ; Fu, Zhengwei (Zhejiang University of Technology. College of Biotechnology and Bioengineering) ; Sun, Liwei (Zhejiang University of Technology. College of Environment) ; Gillings, Michael (Macquarie University. Department of Biological Sciences) ; Peñuelas, Josep (Centre de Recerca Ecològica i Aplicacions Forestals) ; Qian, Haifeng (Chinese Academy of Sciences. Xinjiang Key Laboratory of Environmental Pollution and Bioremediation) ; Zhu, Yong-Guan (Chinese Academy of Sciences. Key Lab of Urban Environment and Health, Institute of Urban Environment)
Background:Plant phenology has crucial biological, physical, and chemical effects on the biosphere. Phenological drivers have largely been studied, but the role of plant microbiota, particularly rhizosphere microbiota, has not been considered. [...]
2018 - 10.1186/s40168-018-0615-0
Microbiome, Vol. 6 (December 2018) , art. 231  
2019-01-09
17:10
19 p, 5.0 MB We Are What We Eat : A Stoichiometric and Ecometabolomic Study of Caterpillars Feeding on Two Pine Subspecies of Pinus sylvestris / Rivas-Ubach, Albert (Centre de Recerca Ecològica i Aplicacions Forestals) ; Peñuelas, Josep (Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona. Departament de Biologia Animal, de Biologia Vegetal i d'Ecologia) ; Hódar, José Antonio (Universidad de Granada. Departamento de Biología Animal y Ecología) ; Oravec, Michal (Czech Academy of Sciences. Global Change Research Institute) ; Paša-Tolić, Ljiljana (Pacific Northwest National Laboratory. Environmental Molecular Sciences Laboratory) ; Urban, Otmar (Czech Academy of Sciences. Global Change Research Institute) ; Sardans i Galobart, Jordi (Centre de Recerca Ecològica i Aplicacions Forestals)
Many studies have addressed several plant-insect interaction topics at nutritional, molecular, physiological, and evolutionary levels. However, it is still unknown how flexible the metabolism and the nutritional content of specialist insect herbivores feeding on different closely related plants can be. [...]
2019 - 10.3390/ijms20010059
International Journal of Molecular Sciences, Vol. 20, Núm. 1 (January 2019) , art. 59  
2019-01-09
15:45
Larger temperature response of autumn leaf senescence than spring leaf-out phenology / Fu, Yongshuo H. (University of Antwerp. Department of Biology) ; Piao, Shilong (Chinese Academy of Sciences. Center for Excellence in Tibetan Earth Science) ; Delpierre, Nicolas (Université Paris-Sud. Laboratoire Ecologie, Systématique et Evolution) ; Hao, Fanghua (Beijing Normal University. College of water sciences) ; Hänninen, Heikki (Zhejiang A & F University. State Key Laboratory of Subtropical Silviculture) ; Liu, Yongjie (University of Antwerp. Department of Biology) ; Sun, Wenchao (Beijing Normal University. College of water sciences) ; Janssens, Ivan A. (University of Antwerp. Department of Biology) ; Campioli, Matteo (University of Antwerp. Department of Biology)
Climate warming is substantially shifting the leaf phenological events of plants, and thereby impacting on their individual fitness and also on the structure and functioning of ecosystems. Previous studies have largely focused on the climate impact on spring phenology, and to date the processes underlying leaf senescence and their associated environmental drivers remain poorly understood. [...]
2018 - 10.1111/gcb.14021
Global change biology, Vol. 24, issue 5 (May 2018) , p. 2159-2168  
2019-01-09
15:09
23 p, 13.6 MB Impacts and Uncertainties of +2∘C of Climate Change and Soil Degradation on European Crop Calorie Supply / Balkovič, Juraj (Comenius University in Bratislava. Department of Soil Science) ; Skalský, Rastislav (3National Agricultural and Food Centre, Soil Science and Conservation Research Institute) ; Folberth, Christian (International Institute for Applied Systems Analysis, Ecosystem Services and Management Program) ; Khabarov, Nikolay (International Institute for Applied Systems Analysis, Ecosystem Services and Management Program) ; Schmid, Erwin (University of Natural Resource and Life Sciences. Institute for Sustainable Economic Development) ; Madaras, Mikuláš (Division of Crop Management Systems, Crop Research Institute) ; Obersteiner, Michael (International Institute for Applied Systems Analysis, Ecosystem Services and Management Program) ; Van der Velde, Marijn (European Commission. Joint Research Centre)
Even if global warming is kept below +2°C, European agriculture will be significantly impacted. Soil degradation may amplify these impacts substantially and thus hamper crop production further. We quantify biophysical consequences and bracket uncertainty of +2°C warming on calories supply from 10 major crops and vulnerability to soil degradation in Europe using crop modeling. [...]
2018 - 10.1002/2017EF000629
Earth's Future, Vol. 6, Issue 3 (March 2018) , p. 373–395  
2019-01-09
15:04
19 p, 4.4 MB Matrix-based sensitivity assessment of soil organic carbon storage : A case study from the ORCHIDEE-MICT model / Huang, Yuanyuan (Laboratoire des Sciences du Climat et de l’Environnement) ; Zhu, Dan (Laboratoire des Sciences du Climat et de l’Environnement) ; Ciais, Philippe (Laboratoire des Sciences du Climat et de l’Environnement) ; Guenet, Bertrand (Laboratoire des Sciences du Climat et de l’Environnement) ; Huang, Ye (Laboratoire des Sciences du Climat et de l’Environnement) ; Goll, Daniel (Laboratoire des Sciences du Climat et de l’Environnement) ; Guimberteau, Matthieu (Laboratoire des Sciences du Climat et de l’Environnement) ; Jornet-Puig, Albert (Laboratoire des Sciences du Climat et de l’Environnement) ; Lu, Xingjie (Northern Arizona University. Centerfor Ecosystem Science and Society) ; Yiqi Luo (Tsinghua University. Department of Earth System Science)
Modeling of global soil organic carbon (SOC) is accompanied by large uncertainties. The heavy computational requirement limits our flexibility in disentangling uncertainty sources especially in high latitudes. [...]
2018 - 10.1029/2017MS001237
Journal of Advances in Modeling Earth Systems, Vol. 10, Issue 8 (August 2018) , p. 1790-1808  
2019-01-09
12:48
22 p, 2.8 MB The influence of soil properties and nutrients on conifer forest growth in Sweden, and the first steps in developing a nutrient availability metric / Van Sunder, Kevin (University of Antwerp. Centre of Excellence PLECO (Plants and Ecosystems)) ; Horemans, Joanna A. (University of Antwerp. Centre of Excellence PLECO (Plants and Ecosystems)) ; Stendah, Johan (Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences. Department of Soil and Environment) ; Vicca, Sara (University of Antwerp. Centre of Excellence PLECO (Plants and Ecosystems))
The availability of nutrients is one of the factors that regulate terrestrial carbon cycling and modify ecosystem responses to environmental changes. Nonetheless, nutrient availability is often overlooked in climate–carbon cycle studies because it depends on the interplay of various soil factors that would ideally be comprised into metrics applicable at large spatial scales. [...]
2018 - 10.5194/bg-15-3475-2018
Biogeosciences, Vol. 15, Issue 11 (June 2018) , p. 3475-3496  
2019-01-09
12:43
14 p, 613.3 KB Using research networks to create the comprehensive datasets needed to assess nutrient availability as a key determinant of terrestrial carbon cycling / Vicca, Sara (Universiteit Antwerpen. Departement Biologie) ; Stocker, Benjamin D. (Centre de Recerca Ecològica i Aplicacions Forestals) ; Reed, Sasha (Southwest Biological Science Center) ; Wieder, William R (National Center for Atmospheric Research. Climate and Global Dynamics Laboratory) ; Bahn, Michael (University of Innsbruck. Institute of Ecology) ; Fay, Philip A (USDA-ARS Grassland, Soil, and Water Research Lab) ; Janssens, Ivan A (University of Antwerp. Departement Biologie) ; Lambers, Hans (University of Western Australia. School of Biological Sciences) ; Peñuelas, Josep (Centre de Recerca Ecològica i Aplicacions Forestals) ; Piao, Shilong (Peking University. Sino-French Institute for Earth System Science) ; Rebel, Karin T (Utrecht University. Copernicus Institute of Sustainable Development, Environmental Sciences) ; Sardans i Galobart, Jordi (Centre de Recerca Ecològica i Aplicacions Forestals) ; Sigurdsson, Bjarni D. (Centre de Recerca Ecològica i Aplicacions Forestals) ; Van Sundert, Kevin (Universiteit Antwerpen. Departement Biologie) ; Wang, Ying-Ping (CSIRO Oceans and Atmosphere) ; Zaehle, Sönke (Max Planck Institute for Biogeochemistry) ; Ciais, Philippe (Laboratoire des Sciences du Climat et de l’Environnement)
2018 - 10.1088/1748-9326/aaeae7
Environmental Research Letters, Vol. 13, Núm 12 (December 2018) , art. 125006  
2019-01-09
12:30
23 p, 2.4 MB Characterisation of Functional-Trait Dynamics at High Spatial Resolution in a Mediterranean Forest from Sentinel-2 and Ground-Truth Data / Schauman, Santiago (Universidad Nacional de San Luis & CONICET. Grupo de Estudios Ambientales) ; Verger, Aleixandre (Centre de Recerca Ecològica i Aplicacions Forestals) ; Filella Cubells, Iolanda (Centre de Recerca Ecològica i Aplicacions Forestals) ; Peñuelas, Josep (Centre de Recerca Ecològica i d'Aplicacions Forestals)
The characterisation of functional-trait dynamics of vegetation from remotely sensed data complements the structural characterisation of ecosystems. In this study we characterised for the first time the spatial heterogeneity of the intra-annual dynamics of the fraction of absorbed photosynthetically active radiation (FAPAR) as a functional trait of the vegetation in Prades Mediterranean forest in Catalonia, Spain. [...]
2018 - 10.3390/rs10121874
Remote sensing, Vol. 10, Núm 12 (November 2018) , art. 1874  
2019-01-09
12:16
Moisture-mediated responsiveness of treeline shifts to global warming in the Himalayas / Sigdel, Shalik Ram (Chinese Academy of Sciences. Institute of Tibetan Plateau Research) ; Wang, Yafeng (Chinese Academy of Sciences. Institute of Tibetan Plateau Research) ; Camarero, Jesús Julio (Instituto Pirenaico de Ecología) ; Zhu, Haifeng (Chinese Academy of Sciences. Institute of Tibetan Plateau Research) ; Liang, Eryuan (Chinese Academy of Sciences. Institute of Tibetan Plateau Research) ; Peñuelas, Josep (Centre de Recerca Ecològica i Aplicacions Forestals)
Among forest ecosystems, the alpine treeline ecotone can be considered to be a simplified model to study global ecology and climate change. Alpine treelines are expected to shift upwards in response to global warming given that tree recruitment and growth are assumed to be mainly limited by low temperatures. [...]
2018 - 10.1111/gcb.14428
Global change biology, Vol. 24, issue 11 (Nov. 2018) p. 5549-5559