CREAF (Centre de Recerca Ecològica i d'Aplicacions Forestals)

Research, Innovation and Knowledge Transfer in Terrestrial Ecology.

CREAF is a public research center dedicated to terrestrial ecology and territorial analysis, producing knowledge and methodologies for conservation, management, and adaptation of the environment to global change. The center’s objective is to work as a bridge between academia, administrations, and society, promoting awareness and exchanging knowledge within its scope of activities, at the local, regional, and global levels.

Latest additions:
2017-09-26
16:55
13 p, 1.1 MB Close and distant : contrasting the metabolism of two closely related subspecies of Scots pine under the effects of folivory and summer drought / Rivas Ubach, Albert (Centre de Recerca Ecològica i Aplicacions Forestals) ; Sardans i Galobart, Jordi (Centre de Recerca Ecològica i Aplicacions Forestals) ; Hódar, José A. (Universidad de Granada. Departamento de Biología Animal y Ecología) ; Garcia-Porta, J. (Centre de Recerca Ecològica i Aplicacions Forestals) ; Guenther, Alex (University of California. Department of Earth System Science) ; Paša-Tolić, Ljiljana (Pacific Northwest National Laboratory. Environmental Molecular Sciences Division,) ; Oravec, Michal (Akademie věd České Republiky. Centrum výzkumu globální změny) ; Urban, Otmar (Akademie věd České Republiky. Centrum výzkumu globální změny) ; Peñuelas, Josep (Centre de Recerca Ecològica i Aplicacions Forestals)
Metabolomes, as chemical phenotypes of organisms, are likely not only shaped by the environment but also by common ancestry. If this is the case, we expect that closely related species of pines will tend to reach similar metabolomic solutions to the same environmental stressors. [...]
2017 - 10.1002/ece3.3343
Ecology and evolution, First published: 25 September 2017  
2017-09-26
16:50
Weakening temperature control on the interannual variations of spring carbon uptake across northern lands / Piao, Shilong (Zhongguo ke xue yuan. Institute of Tibetan Plateau Research) ; Wang, Tao (Zhongguo ke xue yuan. Institute of Tibetan Plateau Research 700 1_) ; Peng, Shushi (Zhongguo ke xue yuan. Institute of Tibetan Plateau Research) ; Ciais, Philippe (Laboratoire des Sciences du Climat et de l’Environnement) ; Huang, Mengtian (Sino-French Institute for Earth System Science) ; Ahlstrom, Anders (Stanford University. School of Earth, Energy and Environmental Sciences) ; Burkhart, John F. (Universitetet i Oslo. Department of Geosciences) ; Chevallier, Frédéric (Laboratoire des Sciences du Climat et de l’Environnement) ; Janssens, Ivan A. (University of Antwerp (Bèlgica)) ; Jeong, Su-Jong (South University of Science and Technology of China. School of Environmental Science and Engineering) ; Lin, Xin (Laboratoire des Sciences du Climat et de l’Environnement) ; Mao, Jiafu (Oak Ridge National Laboratory. Climate Change Science Institute and Environmental Sciences Division) ; Miller, John (National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration Earth Systems Research Laboratory) ; Mohammat, Anwar (Zhongguo ke xue yuan. Xinjiang Institute of Ecology and Geography) ; Myneni, Ranga B. (Boston University. Department of Earth and Environment,) ; Peñuelas, Josep (Centre de Recerca Ecològica i Aplicacions Forestals) ; Shi, Xiaoying (Oak Ridge National Laboratory. Climate Change Science Institute and Environmental Sciences Division) ; Stohl, Andreas (Norwegian Institute for Air Research) ; Yao, Yitong (Sino-French Institute for Earth System Science) ; Zhu, Zaichun (Sino-French Institute for Earth System Science)
Ongoing spring warming allows the growing season to begin earlier, enhancing carbon uptake in northern ecosystems1, 2, 3. Here we use 34 years of atmospheric CO2 concentration measurements at Barrow, Alaska (BRW, 71° N) to show that the interannual relationship between spring temperature and carbon uptake has recently shifted. [...]
2017 - 10.1038/nclimate3277
Nature climate change, Vol. 7 (2017) , p. 359–363  
2017-09-25
17:30
High soil phosphorus levels overrule the potential benefits of organic farming on arbuscular mycorrhizal diversity in northern vineyards / Van Geel, Maarten (KU Leuven Campus Brussel) ; Verbruggen, Erik (University of Antwerp (Bèlgica)) ; De Beenhouwera, Matthias (KU Leuven Campus Brussel) ; van Rennes, Geurt (BeNeVit) ; Lievens, Bart (KU Leuven Campus De Nayer) ; Honnaya, Olivier (KU Leuven Campus Brussel)
Organic farming is a key approach to reconcile food production, biodiversity conservation and environmental sustainability. Due to reduced inputs of agrochemicals, the success of organic farming is heavily dependent on the ecosystem services provided by the soil microbial community, and in particular by arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi (AMF). [...]
2017 - 10.1016/j.agee.2017.07.017
Agriculture, ecosystems and environment, Vol. 248 (Oct. 2017) , p. 144-152  
2017-09-25
17:15
Temperature increase reduces global yields of major crops in four independent estimates / Zhao, Chuang (Sino-French Institute for Earth System Science) ; Liu, Bing (Nanjing nong ye da xue. National Engineering and Technology Center for Information Agriculture) ; Piao, Shilong (Zhongguo ke xue yuan. Institute of Tibetan Plateau Research) ; Wang, Xuhui (Sino-French Institute for Earth System Science) ; Lobelli, David B. (Stanford University. Department of Earth System Science Center on Food Security and the Environment) ; Huang, Yao (Zhongguo ke xue yuan. State Key Laboratory of Vegetation and Environmental Change) ; Huanga, Mengtian (Sino-French Institute for Earth System Science) ; Yao, Yitong (Sino-French Institute for Earth System Science) ; Bassuk, Simona (Università degli Studi di Sassari. Nucleo Ricerca Desertificazione) ; Ciais, Philippe (Laboratoire des Sciences du Climat et de l’Environnement) ; Durand, Jean-Louis (Institut National de la Recherche Agronomique. Unité de Recherche Pluridisciplinaire Prairies et Plantes Fourragères) ; Elliott, Joshua (University of Chicago Computation Institute) ; Ewert, Frank (Universität Bonn. Institut für Nutzpflanzenwissenschaften und Ressourcenschutz) ; Janssens, Ivan A. (University of Antwerp (Bèlgica)) ; Li, Tao (International Rice Research Institute) ; Lint, Erda (Zhongguo nong ye ke xue yuan. Agro-Environment and Sustainable Development Institute) ; Liu, Qiang (Sino-French Institute for Earth System Science) ; Martre, Pierre (Institut national de la recherche agronomique (France). Laboratoire d'Écophysiologie des Plantes sous Stress Environnementaux) ; Müller, Christoph (Potsdam-Institut für Klimafolgenforschung) ; Peng, Shushi (Sino-French Institute for Earth System Science) ; Peñuelas, Josep (Centre de Recerca Ecològica i Aplicacions Forestals) ; Ruaney, Alex C. (Columbia University. Center for Climate Systems Research) ; Wallachz, Daniel (Institut national de la recherche agronomique (France). UMR AGIR) ; Wang, Tao (Zhongguo ke xue yuan. Institute of Tibetan Plateau Research) ; Wua, Donghai (Sino-French Institute for Earth System Science) ; Liu, Zhuo (Sino-French Institute for Earth System Science) ; Zhu, Yan (Nanjing nong ye da xue. National Engineering and Technology Center for Information Agriculture) ; Zhua, Zaichun (Sino-French Institute for Earth System Science) ; Assengf, Senthold (University of Florida. Agricultural and Biological Engineering Department)
Wheat, rice, maize, and soybean provide two-thirds of human caloric intake. Assessing the impact of global temperature increase on production of these crops is therefore critical to maintaining global food supply, but different studies have yielded different results. [...]
2017 - 10.1073/pnas.1701762114
Proceedings of the national academy of sciences, Vol. 114, no. 35 (Aug. 2017) , p. 9326–9331  
2017-09-25
17:07
Shifting from a fertilization-dominated to a warming-dominated period / Peñuelas, Josep (Centre de Recerca Ecològica i Aplicacions Forestals) ; Ciais, Philippe (Laboratoire des Sciences du Climat et de l’Environnement) ; Canadell, Josep G. (Global Carbon Project) ; Janssens, Ivan A. (University of Antwerp (Bèlgica)) ; Fernández Martínez, Marcos (Centre de Recerca Ecològica i Aplicacions Forestals) ; Carnicer i Cols, Jofre (Centre de Recerca Ecològica i d'Aplicacions Forestals) ; Obersteiner, Michael (International Institute for Applied Systems Analysis (Àustria)) ; Piao, Shilong (Beijing da xue. College of Urban and Environmental Sciences) ; Vautard, Robert (Laboratoire des Sciences du Climat et de l’Environnement) ; Sardans i Galobart, Jordi (Centre de Recerca Ecològica i Aplicacions Forestals)
Carbon dioxide and nitrogen fertilization effects on ecosystem carbon sequestration may slow down in the future because of emerging nutrient constraints, climate change reducing the effect of fertilization, and expanding land use change and land management and disturbances. [...]
2017 - 10.1038/s41559-017-0274-8
Nature ecology and evolution, Vol. 1 (Oct. 2017) , p. 1438-1445  
2017-09-25
17:05
10 p, 1.7 MB Relative contribution of groundwater to plant transpiration estimated with stable isotopes / Barbeta i Margarit, Adrià (Centre de Recerca Ecològica i Aplicacions Forestals) ; Peñuelas, Josep (Centre de Recerca Ecològica i Aplicacions Forestals)
Water stored underground in the saturated and subsurface zones below the soil are important sources of water for plants in water-limited ecosystems. The presence of deep-rooted plants worldwide, however, suggests that the use of groundwater is not restricted to arid and seasonally dry ecosystems. [...]
2017 - 10.1038/s41598-017-09643-x
Scientific reports, Vol. 7 (2017) , art. 10580  
2017-09-25
16:37
9 p, 4.4 MB β-Ocimene, a key floral and foliar volatile involved in multiple interactions between plants and other organisms / Farré Armengol, Gerard (Centre de Recerca Ecològica i d'Aplicacions Forestals) ; Filella Cubells, Iolanda (Centre de Recerca Ecològica i d'Aplicacions Forestals) ; Llusià Benet, Joan (Centre de Recerca Ecològica i Aplicacions Forestals) ; Peñuelas, Josep (Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona. Departament de Biologia Animal, de Biologia Vegetal i d'Ecologia)
β-Ocimene is a very common plant volatile released in important amounts from the leaves and flowers of many plant species. This acyclic monoterpene can play several biological functions in plants, by potentially affecting floral visitors and also by mediating defensive responses to herbivory. [...]
2017 - 10.3390/molecules22071148
Molecules, Vol. 22, issue 7 (Jul. 2017) , art. E1148  
2017-09-20
16:05
9 p, 1.4 MB Monitorización y tendencias de la deposición de N en España, incluyendo polvo sahariano / Àvila i Castells, Anna (Centre de Recerca Ecològica i Aplicacions Forestals) ; Aguillaume Rodríguez-O'connor, Laura (Centre de Recerca Ecològica i Aplicacions Forestals)
The chemical composition of the atmosphere has significantly changed in the last century, mostly due to increased emissions of gases and particles derived from human activities. Several studies have analyzed the trends in the chemical composition of rainwater and atmospheric deposition in recent decades in central and northern Europe. [...]
La composición química de la atmósfera ha cambiado significativamente en los últimos 100 años principalmente debido al aumento de las emisiones de gases y partículas derivadas de las actividades humanas. [...]

2017 - 10.7818/ECOS.2017.26-1.04
Ecosistemas, Vol. 26 Núm. 1 (2017) , p. 16-24  
2017-09-20
15:52
Ecological impacts of atmospheric pollution and interactions with climate change in terrestrial ecosystems of the Mediterranean Basin : current research and future directions / Ochoa-Hueso, Raúl (Universidad Autònoma de Madrid. Departamento de Ecología) ; Munzi, Silvana (Universidade de Lisboa. Centro de Ecologia, Evolução e Alterações Ambientais) ; Alonso, Rocío (Centro de Investigaciones Energéticas, Medioambientales y Tecnológicas (Espanya)) ; Arróniz-Crespo, María (Universidad Politécnica de Madrid. Escuela Técnica Superior de Ingenieros) ; Àvila i Castells, Anna (Centre de Recerca Ecològica i Aplicacions Forestals) ; Bermejo, Victoria (Centro de Investigaciones Energéticas, Medioambientales y Tecnológicas (Espanya)) ; Bobbink, Roland (B-WARE Research Centre) ; Branquinho, Cristina (Universidade de Lisboa. Centro de Ecologia, Evolução e Alterações Ambientais) ; Concostrina-Zubiri, Laura (Universidade de Lisboa. Centro de Ecologia, Evolução e Alterações Ambientais) ; Cruz, Cristina (Universidade de Lisboa. Centro de Ecologia, Evolução e Alterações Ambientais) ; Cruz de Carvalho, Ricardo (Universidade de Lisboa. Centro de Ecologia, Evolução e Alterações Ambientais) ; De Marco, Alessandra (ENEA, Casaccia Research Center) ; Dias, Teresa (Universidade de Lisboa. Centro de Ecologia, Evolução e Alterações Ambientais) ; Elustondo, David (Universidad de Navarra. Laboratorio Integrado de Calidad Ambiental) ; Elvira, Susana (Centro de Investigaciones Energéticas, Medioambientales y Tecnológicas (Espanya)) ; Estébanez, Belén (Universidad Autònoma de Madrid. Departamento de Ecología) ; Fusaro, Lina (Università degli Studi di Roma "La Sapienza". Dipartimento di Biologia ambientale) ; Gerosa, Giacomo (Università degli di Brescia. Dipartimento di Matematica e fisica) ; Izquieta-Rojano, Sheila (Universidad de Navarra. Laboratorio Integrado de Calidad Ambiental) ; Lo Cascio, Mauro (Università degli Studi di Sassari. Dipartimento di Scienze della natura e del Territorio) ; Marzuoli, Riccardo (Università degli di Brescia. Dipartimento di Matematica e fisica) ; Matos, Paula (Universidade de Lisboa. Centro de Ecologia, Evolução e Alterações Ambientais) ; Mereu, Simone (Università degli Studi di Sassari. Dipartimento di Scienze della natura e del Territorio) ; Merino, Jose (Universidad Pablo de Olavide. Departamento de Sistemas Físicos, Químicos y Naturales) ; Morillas, Lourdes (Università degli Studi di Sassari. Dipartimento di Scienze della natura e del Territorio) ; Nunes, Alice (Universidade de Lisboa. Centro de Ecologia, Evolução e Alterações Ambientais) ; Paoletti, Elena (Resultats de la cerca Istituto per la Protezione Sostenibile delle Piante) ; Pinho, Pedro (Universidade de Lisboa. Centro de Ecologia, Evolução e Alterações Ambientais) ; Rogers, Isabel B. (Lancaster Environment Center) ; Santos, Arthur (Universidade de Lisboa. Centro de Ecologia, Evolução e Alterações Ambientais) ; Sicard, Pierre (ACRI-ST) ; Stevens, Carly J. (Lancaster Environment Center) ; Theobald, Mark R. (Centro de Investigaciones Energéticas, Medioambientales y Tecnológicas (Espanya))
Mediterranean Basin ecosystems, their unique biodiversity, and the key services they provide are currently at risk due to air pollution and climate change, yet only a limited number of isolated and geographically-restricted studies have addressed this topic, often with contrasting results. [...]
2017 - 10.1016/j.envpol.2017.04.062
Environmental pollution, Vol. 227 (Aug. 2017) , p. 194-206  
2017-09-19
15:48
Predicting habitat affinities of plant species using commonly measured functional traits / Shipley, Bill (Université de Sherbrooke. Département de Biologie) ; Belluau, Michael (Université de Sherbrooke. Département de Biologie) ; Kühn, Ingolf (UFZ-Helmholtz Centre for Environmental Research. Department of Community Ecology) ; Soudzilovskaia, Nadejda A. (Universiteit Leiden. Centrum voor Milieuwetenschappen) ; Bahn, Michael (Universität Innsbruck. Institut für Ökologie) ; Penuelas, Josep (Centre de Recerca Ecològica i Aplicacions Forestals) ; Kattge, Jens (Max Planck Institute for Biogeochemistry) ; Sack, Lawren (University of California. Department of Ecology and Evolutionary Biology) ; Cavender-Bares, Jeannine (University of Minnesota. Department of Ecology, Evolution and Behavior) ; Ozinga, Wim A. (Wageningen University. Team Vegetation, Forest and Landscape Ecology) ; Blonder, Benjamin (University of Oxford. Environmental Change Institute) ; Van Bodegom, Peter M. (Universiteit Leiden. Centrum voor Milieuwetenschappen) ; Manning, Peter (Senckenberg Biodiversität und Klima Forschungszentrum (SBIK-F)) ; Hickler, Thomas (Senckenberg Biodiversität und Klima Forschungszentrum (SBIK-F)) ; Sosinski, Enio (Embrapa Clima Temperado) ; De Patta Pillar, Valerio (Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul. Departmento de Ecologia) ; Vladimir Onipchenko (Universität Regensburg) ; Poschlod, Peter (Universität Regensburg)
Questions: Heinz Ellenberg classically defined “indicator” scores for species representing their typical positions along gradients of key environmental variables, and these have proven very useful for designating ecological distributions. [...]
2017 - 10.1111/jvs.12554
Journal of vegetation science, Vol. 28, issue 5 (Sep. 2017) , p. 1082-1095
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