CREAF (Centre de Recerca Ecològica i d'Aplicacions Forestals)

Investigació,Innovació i Transferència en Ecologia Terrestre.

El CREAF és un centre públic de recerca en ecologia terrestre i anàlisi del territori que genera coneixement i metodologies per a la conservació, la gestió i l'adaptació del medi natural al canvi global.
El seu objectiu és actuar com a pont entre el món acadèmic, les administracions i la societat creant opinió i intercanviant coneixement en els seus àmbits d'actuació a escales local, regional i global.

Estadístiques d'ús Els més consultats
Darreres entrades:
2019-01-10
10:40
13 p, 8.1 MB Tree sapling responses to 10 years of experimental manipulation of temperature, nutrient availability, and shrub cover at the Pyrenean treeline / Angulo, Maria A. (Centre de Recerca Ecològica i Aplicacions Forestals) ; Ninot Sugrañes, Josep M. (Universitat de Barcelona. Departament de Biologia Evolutiva, Ecologia i Ciències Ambientals) ; Peñuelas, Josep (Centre de Recerca Ecològica i Aplicacions Forestals) ; Cornelissen, Johannes H. C. (Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam. Department of Ecological Science) ; Grau Fernández, Oriol (Centre de Recerca Ecològica i Aplicacions Forestals)
Treelines are sensitive to environmental changes, but few studies provide a mechanistic approach to understand treeline dynamics based on field experiments. The aim of this study was to determine how changes in the abiotic and/or biotic conditions associated with global change affect the performance of tree seedlings (later saplings) at the treeline in a 10-year experiment. [...]
2018 - 10.3389/fpls.2018.01871
Frontiers in Plant Science, Vol. 9 (January 2019) , art. 1871  
2019-01-09
17:34
18 p, 6.5 MB Traditional plant functional groups explain variation in economic but not size‐related traits across the tundra biome / Thomas, H. J. D. (University of Edinburgh. School of Geosciences) ; Myers‐Smith, I. H. (University of Edinburgh. School of Geosciences) ; Bjorkman, A. D. (University of Edinburgh. School of Geosciences) ; Elmendorf, S. C. (University of Colorado. Institute of Arctic and Alpine Research) ; Blok, D. (Lund University. Department of Physical Geography and Ecosystem Science) ; Cornelissen, J. H. C. (Vrije Universiteit. Department of Ecological Science) ; Forbes, B. C. (University of Lapland. Arctic Centre) ; Hollister, R. D. (Grand Valley State University. Biology Department) ; Normand, S. (Aarhus University. Department of Bioscience) ; Prevéy, J. S. (WSL Institute for Snow and Avalanche Research SLF) ; Rixen, C. (WSL Institute for Snow and Avalanche Research SLF) ; Schaepman‐Strub, G. (University of Zurich. Department of Evolutionary Biology and Environmental Studies) ; Wilmking, M. (University of Zurich. Department of Evolutionary Biology and Environmental Studies) ; Wipf, S. (WSL Institute for Snow and Avalanche Research SLF) ; Cornwell, W. K. (University of New South Wales. School of Biological Earth and Environmental Sciences) ; Kattge, J. (Max Planck Institute for Biogeochemistry) ; Goetz, S. J. (Northern Arizona University. School of Informatics, Computing, and Cyber Systems) ; Guay, K. C. (Bigelow Laboratory for Ocean Sciences) ; Alatalo, J. M. (Qatar University. Department of Biological and Environmental Sciences) ; Anadon‐Rosell, A. (Greifswald University. Institute for Botany and Landscape Ecology) ; Angers‐Blondin, S. (University of Edinburgh. School of Geosciences) ; Berner, L. T. (Northern Arizona University. School of Informatics, Computing, and Cyber Systems) ; Björk, R. G. (University of Gothenburg. Department of Earth Sciences) ; Buchwal, A. (University of Gothenburg. Department of Earth Sciences) ; Buras, A. (Wageningen University and Research. Forest Ecology and Forest Management) ; Carbognani, M. (University of Parma. Department of Chemistry, Life Sciences and Environmental Sustainability) ; Christie, K. (The Alaska Department of Fish and Game) ; Siegwart Collier, L. (Memorial University of Newfoundland. Department of Biology) ; Cooper, E. J. (Universitat de Tromsø. Department of Arctic and Marine Biology) ; Eskelinen, A. (German Centre for Integrative Biodiversity Research (iDiv)) ; Frei, E. R. (University of British Columbia. Department of Geography) ; Grau Fernández, Oriol (Centre de Recerca Ecològica i Aplicacions Forestals) ; Grogan, P. (Queen's University. Department of Biology) ; Hallinger, M. (Swedish Agricultural University. Biology Department) ; Heijmans, M. M. P. D. (Wageningen University & Research. Plant Ecology and Nature Conservation Group) ; Hermanutz, L. (Memorial University of Newfoundland. Department of Biology) ; Hudson, J. M. G. (British Columbia Public Service) ; Hülber, K. (University of Vienna. Department of Botany and Biodiversity Research) ; Iturrate‐Garcia, M. (University of Zurich. Department of Evolutionary Biology and Environmental Studies) ; Iversen, C. M. (Oak Ridge National Laboratory. Climate Change Science Institute) ; Jaroszynska, F. (University of Bergen. Department of Biology) ; Johnstone, J. F. (University of Saskatchewan. Department of Biology) ; Kaarlejärvi, E. (Umeå University. Department of Ecology and Environmental Sciences) ; Kulonen, A. (University of Bergen. Department of Biology) ; Lamarque, L. J. (University of Quebec at Trois-Rivieres. Département des Sciences de l'Environnement) ; Lévesque, E. (University of Quebec at Trois-Rivieres. Département des Sciences de l'Environnement) ; Little, C. J. (University of Zurich. Department of Evolutionary Biology and Environmental Studies) ; Michelsen, A. (University of Copenhagen. Department of Biology) ; Milbau, A. (Instituut voor Natuur- en Bosonderzoek) ; Nabe‐Nielsen, J. (Aarhus University. Department of Bioscience) ; Nielsen, S. S. (Aarhus University. Department of Bioscience) ; Ninot, J. M. (Universitat de Barcelona. Departament de Biologia Evolutiva, Ecologia i Ciències Ambientals) ; Oberbauer, S. F. (Florida International University. Department of Biological Science) ; Olofsson, J. (Umeå University. Department of Ecology and Environmental Sciences) ; Onipchenko, V. G. (Lomonosov Moscow State University. Department of Geobotany) ; Petraglia, A. (Università di Parma. Dipartimento di Scienze Chimiche, della Vita e della Sostenibilità Ambientale) ; Rumpf, S. B. (Universität Wien. Department of Botany and Biodiversity Research) ; Semenchuk, P. R. (Universitat de Tromsø. Department of Arctic and Marine Biology) ; Soudzilovskaia, N. A. (Universiteit Leiden. Centrum voor Milieuwetenschappen) ; Spasojevic, M. J. (University of California. Department of Biology) ; Speed, J. D. M. (Norges teknisk-naturvitenskapelige universitet) ; Tape, K. D. (University of Alaska. Water and Environmental Research Center) ; Beest, M. te (Umeå University. Department of Ecology and Environmental Sciences) ; Tomaselli, M. (Università di Parma. Dipartimento di Scienze Chimiche, della Vita e della Sostenibilità Ambientale) ; Trant, A. (Memorial University of Newfoundland. Department of Biology) ; Treier, U. A. (Aarhus University. Department of Bioscience) ; Venn, S. (Australian National University. Research School of Biology) ; Vowles, T. (Göteborgs universitet . Institutionen för geovetenskaper) ; Weijers, S. (Universität Bonn. Geographisches Institut) ; Zamin, T. (Queen's University. Department of Biology) ; Atkin, O. K. (Australian National University. Research School of Biology) ; Bahn, M. (Universität Innsbruck. Institut für Ökologie) ; Blonder, B. (University of Oxford. Environmental Change Institute) ; Campetella, G. (Università di Camerino. Scuola di Bioscienze e Medicina Veterinaria) ; Cerabolini, B. E. L. (Università degli Studi dell'Insubria. Dipartimento di Scienze Teoriche e Applicate) ; Chapin III, F. S. (University of Alaska. Institute of Arctic Biology) ; Dainese, M. (Würzburg Universität. Lehrstuhl für Tierökologie und Tropenbiologie) ; Vries, F. T. de (University of Manchester. School of Earth and Environmental Sciences) ; Díaz, S. (Universidad Nacional de Córdoba. Instituto Multidisciplinario de Biología Vegetal) ; Green, W. (Harvard University. Department of Organismic and Evolutionary Biology) ; Jackson, R. B. (Stanford University. Department of Earth System Science) ; Manning, P. (Senckenberg Gesellschaft für Naturforschung) ; Niinemets, Ü. (Eesti Maaülikool. Põllumajandus- ja keskkonnainstituut) ; Ozinga, W. A. (Über Wageningen University & Research) ; Peñuelas, Josep (Centre de Recerca Ecològica i Aplicacions Forestals) ; Reich, P. B. (University of Minnesota. Department of Forest Resources) ; Schamp, B. (Algoma University. Department of Biology) ; Sheremetev, S. (Komarov Botanical Institute) ; Bodegom, P. M. van (Universiteit Leiden. Centrum voor Milieuwetenschappen)
Aim Plant functional groups are widely used in community ecology and earth system modelling to describe trait variation within and across plant communities. However, this approach rests on the assumption that functional groups explain a large proportion of trait variation among species. [...]
2018 - 10.1111/geb.12783
Global ecology and biogeography, Published online Nov. 2018 2018  
2019-01-09
17:25
7 p, 1.3 MB Emerging negative impact of warming on summer carbon uptake in northern ecosystems / Wang, Tao (Chinese Academy of Sciences. Center for Excellence in Tibetan Earth Science) ; Liu, Dan (Chinese Academy of Sciences. Key Laboratory of Alpine Ecology, Institute of Tibetan Plateau Research) ; Piao, Shilong (Chinese Academy of Sciences. Center for Excellence in Tibetan Earth Science) ; Wang, Yilong (Laboratoire des Sciences du Climat et de l’Environnement) ; Wang, Xiaoyi (Chinese Academy of Sciences. Key Laboratory of Alpine Ecology, Institute of Tibetan Plateau Research) ; Guo, Hui (Chinese Academy of Sciences. Key Laboratory of Alpine Ecology, Institute of Tibetan Plateau Research) ; Lian, Xu (Peking University. College of Urban and Environmental Sciences) ; Burkhart, John F (University of Oslo. Department of Geosciences) ; Ciais, Philippe (Laboratoire des Sciences du Climat et de l’Environnement) ; Huang, Mengtian (Peking University. College of Urban and Environmental Sciences) ; Janssens, Ivan (University of Antwerp. Department of Biology) ; Li, Yue (Peking University. College of Urban and Environmental Sciences) ; Liu, Yongwen (Peking University. College of Urban and Environmental Sciences) ; Peñuelas, Josep (Centre de Recerca Ecològica i Aplicacions Forestals) ; Peng, Shushi (Peking University. College of Urban and Environmental Sciences) ; Yang, Hui (Peking University. College of Urban and Environmental Sciences) ; Yao, Yitong (Peking University. College of Urban and Environmental Sciences) ; Yin, Yi (Laboratoire des Sciences du Climat et de l’Environnement) ; Zhao, Yutong (Chinese Academy of Sciences. Key Laboratory of Alpine Ecology, Institute of Tibetan Plateau Research)
Most studies of the northern hemisphere carbon cycle based on atmospheric CO2 concentration have focused on spring and autumn, but the climate change impact on summer carbon cycle remains unclear. Here we used atmospheric CO2 record from Point Barrow (Alaska) to show that summer CO2 drawdown between July and August, a proxy of summer carbon uptake, is significantly negatively correlated with terrestrial temperature north of 50°N interannually during 1979–2012. [...]
2018 - 10.1038/s41467-018-07813-7
Nature Communications, Vol. 9 (December 2018) , art. 5391  
2019-01-09
17:23
12 p, 1.8 MB Rhizosphere microorganisms can influence the timing of plant flowering / Lu, Tao (Zhejiang University of Technology. College of Environment) ; Ke, Mingjing (Zhejiang University of Technology. College of Environment) ; Lavoie, Michel (Université Laval. Quebec-Ocean and Takuvik Joint International Research Unit) ; Jin, Yujian (Zhejiang University of Technology. College of Environment) ; Fan, Xiaoji (Zhejiang University of Technology. College of Environment) ; Zhang, Zhenyan (Zhejiang University of Technology. College of Environment) ; Fu, Zhengwei (Zhejiang University of Technology. College of Biotechnology and Bioengineering) ; Sun, Liwei (Zhejiang University of Technology. College of Environment) ; Gillings, Michael (Macquarie University. Department of Biological Sciences) ; Peñuelas, Josep (Centre de Recerca Ecològica i Aplicacions Forestals) ; Qian, Haifeng (Chinese Academy of Sciences. Xinjiang Key Laboratory of Environmental Pollution and Bioremediation) ; Zhu, Yong-Guan (Chinese Academy of Sciences. Key Lab of Urban Environment and Health, Institute of Urban Environment)
Background:Plant phenology has crucial biological, physical, and chemical effects on the biosphere. Phenological drivers have largely been studied, but the role of plant microbiota, particularly rhizosphere microbiota, has not been considered. [...]
2018 - 10.1186/s40168-018-0615-0
Microbiome, Vol. 6 (December 2018) , art. 231  
2019-01-09
17:10
19 p, 5.0 MB We Are What We Eat : A Stoichiometric and Ecometabolomic Study of Caterpillars Feeding on Two Pine Subspecies of Pinus sylvestris / Rivas-Ubach, Albert (Centre de Recerca Ecològica i Aplicacions Forestals) ; Peñuelas, Josep (Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona. Departament de Biologia Animal, de Biologia Vegetal i d'Ecologia) ; Hódar, José Antonio (Universidad de Granada. Departamento de Biología Animal y Ecología) ; Oravec, Michal (Czech Academy of Sciences. Global Change Research Institute) ; Paša-Tolić, Ljiljana (Pacific Northwest National Laboratory. Environmental Molecular Sciences Laboratory) ; Urban, Otmar (Czech Academy of Sciences. Global Change Research Institute) ; Sardans i Galobart, Jordi (Centre de Recerca Ecològica i Aplicacions Forestals)
Many studies have addressed several plant-insect interaction topics at nutritional, molecular, physiological, and evolutionary levels. However, it is still unknown how flexible the metabolism and the nutritional content of specialist insect herbivores feeding on different closely related plants can be. [...]
2019 - 10.3390/ijms20010059
International Journal of Molecular Sciences, Vol. 20, Núm. 1 (January 2019) , art. 59  
2019-01-09
17:06
18 p, 2.0 MB Modeling the effects of litter stoichiometry and soil mineral N availability on soil organic matter formation using CENTURY-CUE (v1.0) / Zhang, Haicheng (Le Laboratoire des Sciences du Climat et de l'Environnement) ; Goll, Daniel S. (Le Laboratoire des Sciences du Climat et de l'Environnement) ; Manzoni, Stefano (Stockholm University. Department of Physical Geography) ; Ciais, Philippe (Le Laboratoire des Sciences du Climat et de l'Environnement) ; Guenet, Bertrand (Le Laboratoire des Sciences du Climat et de l'Environnement) ; Huang, Yuanyuan (Le Laboratoire des Sciences du Climat et de l'Environnement)
Microbial decomposition of plant litter is a crucial process for the land carbon (C) cycle, as it directly controls the partitioning of litter C between CO2 released to the atmosphere versus the formation of new soil organic matter (SOM). [...]
2018 - 10.5194/gmd-11-4779-2018
Geoscientific Model Development, Vol. 11, Issue 12 (November 2018) , p. 4779-4796  
2019-01-09
15:45
Larger temperature response of autumn leaf senescence than spring leaf-out phenology / Fu, Yongshuo H. (University of Antwerp. Department of Biology) ; Piao, Shilong (Chinese Academy of Sciences. Center for Excellence in Tibetan Earth Science) ; Delpierre, Nicolas (Université Paris-Sud. Laboratoire Ecologie, Systématique et Evolution) ; Hao, Fanghua (Beijing Normal University. College of water sciences) ; Hänninen, Heikki (Zhejiang A & F University. State Key Laboratory of Subtropical Silviculture) ; Liu, Yongjie (University of Antwerp. Department of Biology) ; Sun, Wenchao (Beijing Normal University. College of water sciences) ; Janssens, Ivan A. (University of Antwerp. Department of Biology) ; Campioli, Matteo (University of Antwerp. Department of Biology)
Climate warming is substantially shifting the leaf phenological events of plants, and thereby impacting on their individual fitness and also on the structure and functioning of ecosystems. Previous studies have largely focused on the climate impact on spring phenology, and to date the processes underlying leaf senescence and their associated environmental drivers remain poorly understood. [...]
2018 - 10.1111/gcb.14021
Global change biology, Vol. 24, issue 5 (May 2018) , p. 2159-2168  
2019-01-09
15:30
Spatially explicit LCA analysis of biodiversity losses due to different bioenergy policies in the European Union / Di Fulvio, Fulvio (International Institute for Applied Systems Analysis) ; Forsell, Nicklas (International Institute for Applied Systems Analysis) ; Korosuo, Anu (International Institute for Applied Systems Analysis) ; Obersteiner, Michael (International Institute for Applied Systems Analysis) ; Hellweg, Stefanie (ETH Zurich. Institute of Environmental Engineering)
In this study, the potential global loss of species directly associated with land use in the EU and due to trade with other regions is computed over time, in order to reveal differences in impacts between the considered alternatives of plausible bioenergy policies development in the EU. [...]
2019 - 10.1016/j.scitotenv.2018.08.419
Science of the total environment, Vol. 651, part 1 (Feb. 2019) , p. 1505-1516  
2019-01-09
15:09
23 p, 13.6 MB Impacts and Uncertainties of +2∘C of Climate Change and Soil Degradation on European Crop Calorie Supply / Balkovič, Juraj (Comenius University in Bratislava. Department of Soil Science) ; Skalský, Rastislav (3National Agricultural and Food Centre, Soil Science and Conservation Research Institute) ; Folberth, Christian (International Institute for Applied Systems Analysis, Ecosystem Services and Management Program) ; Khabarov, Nikolay (International Institute for Applied Systems Analysis, Ecosystem Services and Management Program) ; Schmid, Erwin (University of Natural Resource and Life Sciences. Institute for Sustainable Economic Development) ; Madaras, Mikuláš (Division of Crop Management Systems, Crop Research Institute) ; Obersteiner, Michael (International Institute for Applied Systems Analysis, Ecosystem Services and Management Program) ; Van der Velde, Marijn (European Commission. Joint Research Centre)
Even if global warming is kept below +2°C, European agriculture will be significantly impacted. Soil degradation may amplify these impacts substantially and thus hamper crop production further. We quantify biophysical consequences and bracket uncertainty of +2°C warming on calories supply from 10 major crops and vulnerability to soil degradation in Europe using crop modeling. [...]
2018 - 10.1002/2017EF000629
Earth's Future, Vol. 6, Issue 3 (March 2018) , p. 373–395  
2019-01-09
15:04
19 p, 4.4 MB Matrix-based sensitivity assessment of soil organic carbon storage : A case study from the ORCHIDEE-MICT model / Huang, Yuanyuan (Laboratoire des Sciences du Climat et de l’Environnement) ; Zhu, Dan (Laboratoire des Sciences du Climat et de l’Environnement) ; Ciais, Philippe (Laboratoire des Sciences du Climat et de l’Environnement) ; Guenet, Bertrand (Laboratoire des Sciences du Climat et de l’Environnement) ; Huang, Ye (Laboratoire des Sciences du Climat et de l’Environnement) ; Goll, Daniel (Laboratoire des Sciences du Climat et de l’Environnement) ; Guimberteau, Matthieu (Laboratoire des Sciences du Climat et de l’Environnement) ; Jornet-Puig, Albert (Laboratoire des Sciences du Climat et de l’Environnement) ; Lu, Xingjie (Northern Arizona University. Centerfor Ecosystem Science and Society) ; Yiqi Luo (Tsinghua University. Department of Earth System Science)
Modeling of global soil organic carbon (SOC) is accompanied by large uncertainties. The heavy computational requirement limits our flexibility in disentangling uncertainty sources especially in high latitudes. [...]
2018 - 10.1029/2017MS001237
Journal of Advances in Modeling Earth Systems, Vol. 10, Issue 8 (August 2018) , p. 1790-1808  
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