Web of Science: 10 citations, Scopus: 13 citations, Google Scholar: citations
The role of gender in a smoking cessation intervention : a cluster randomized clinical trial
Puente, Diana (Institut Universitari d'Investigació en Atenció Primària Jordi Gol)
Cabezas, Carmen (Institut Universitari d'Investigació en Atenció Primària Jordi Gol)
Rodriguez Blanco, Teresa (Institut Universitari d'Investigació en Atenció Primària Jordi Gol)
Fernández Alonso, Carmen (Castella i Lleó. Consejería de Sanidad. Servicio de Coordinación Sociosanitaria)
Cebrian, Tránsito (Andalusia. Servicio Andaluz de Salud. Distrito Sanitario Aljarafe)
Torrecilla, Miguel (Centro de Salud San Juan (Salamanca, Castella i Lleó))
Clemente, Lourdes (Centro de Salud Santo Grial (Osca, Aragó))
Martín-Cantera, Carlos (Centre Atenció Primària Passeig de Sant Joan (Barcelona, Catalunya))
Grupo ISTAPS (Intervención Sistematica sobre Tabaquismo en Atención Primaria de Salud)

Date: 2011
Abstract: Background: The prevalence of smoking in Spain is high in both men and women. The aim of our study was to evaluate the role of gender in the effectiveness of a specific smoking cessation intervention conducted in Spain. Methods: This study was a secondary analysis of a cluster randomized clinical trial in which the randomization unit was the Basic Care Unit (family physician and nurse who care for the same group of patients). The intervention consisted of a six-month period of implementing the recommendations of a Clinical Practice Guideline. A total of 2,937 current smokers at 82 Primary Care Centers in 13 different regions of Spain were included (2003-2005). The success rate was measured by a six-month continued abstinence rate at the one-year follow-up. A logistic mixed-effects regression model, taking Basic Care Units as random-effect parameter, was performed in order to analyze gender as a predictor of smoking cessation. Results: At the one-year follow-up, the six-month continuous abstinence quit rate was 9. 4% in men and 8. 5% in women (p = 0. 400). The logistic mixed-effects regression model showed that women did not have a higher odds of being an ex-smoker than men after the analysis was adjusted for confounders (OR adjusted = 0. 9, 95% CI = 0. 7-1. 2). Conclusions: Gender does not appear to be a predictor of smoking cessation at the one-year follow-up in individuals presenting at Primary Care Centers.
Rights: Aquest document està subjecte a una llicència d'ús Creative Commons. Es permet la reproducció total o parcial, la distribució, la comunicació pública de l'obra i la creació d'obres derivades, fins i tot amb finalitats comercials, sempre i quan es reconegui l'autoria de l'obra original. Creative Commons
Language: Anglès
Document: article ; recerca ; publishedVersion
Subject: Gender ; Smoking cessation ; Primary health care ; Clinical trials
Published in: BMC public health, Vol. 11, N. 369 (May 2011) , p. 1-12, ISSN 1471-2458

DOI: 10.1186/1471-2458-11-369
PMID: 21605389

12 p, 256.7 KB

The record appears in these collections:
Articles > Research articles
Articles > Published articles

 Record created 2014-10-23, last modified 2021-04-13

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