Web of Science: 7 cites, Scopus: 6 cites, Google Scholar: cites,
Interview Investigation of Insecure Attachment Styles as Mediators between Poor Childhood Care and Schizophrenia-Spectrum Phenomenology
Sheinbaum Frank, Tamara (Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona. Departament de Psicología Clínica i de la Salut)
Bifulco, Antonia (Middlesex University. Department of Psychology)
Ballespí Sola, Sergi (Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona. Departament de Psicologia Clínica i de la Salut)
Mitjavila i Garcia, Mercè (Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona. Departament de Psicologia de la Salut i de Psicologia Social)
Kwapil, Thomas R. (University of North Carolina at Greensboro. Department of Psychology)
Barrantes-Vidal, Neus (Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona. Departament de Psicologia Clínica i de la Salut)

Data: 2015
Resum: Background: Insecure attachment styles have received theoretical attention and some initial empirical support as mediators between childhood adverse experiences and psychotic phenomena; however, further specificity needs investigating. The present interview study aimed to examine (i) whether two forms of poor childhood care, namely parental antipathy and role reversal, were associated with subclinical positive and negative symptoms and schizophrenia-spectrum personality disorder (PD) traits, and (ii) whether such associations were mediated by specific insecure attachment styles. Method: A total of 214 nonclinical young adults were interviewed for subclinical symptoms (Comprehensive Assessment of At-Risk Mental States), schizophrenia-spectrum PDs (Structured Clinical Interview for DSM-IV Axis II Disorders), poor childhood care (Childhood Experience of Care and Abuse Interview), and attachment style (Attachment Style Interview). Participants also completed the Beck Depression Inventory-II and all the analyses were conducted partialling out the effects of depressive symptoms. Results: Both parental antipathy and role reversal were associated with subclinical positive symptoms and with paranoid and schizotypal PD traits. Role reversal was also associated with subclinical negative symptoms. Angry-dismissive attachment mediated associations between antipathy and subclinical positive symptoms and both angry-dismissive and enmeshed attachment mediated associations of antipathy with paranoid and schizotypal PD traits. Enmeshed attachment mediated associations of role reversal with paranoid and schizotypal PD traits. Conclusions: Attachment theory can inform lifespan models of how adverse developmental environments may increase the risk for psychosis. Insecure attachment provides a promising mechanism for understanding the development of schizophrenia-spectrum phenomenology and may offer a useful target for prophylactic intervention.
Drets: Aquest document està subjecte a una llicència d'ús Creative Commons. Es permet la reproducció total o parcial, la distribució, la comunicació pública de l'obra i la creació d'obres derivades, fins i tot amb finalitats comercials, sempre i quan es reconegui l'autoria de l'obra original. Creative Commons
Llengua: Anglès.
Document: article ; recerca ; publishedVersion
Matèria: Psychoses ; Depression ; Psychometrics ; Personality disorders ; Fear ; Questionnaires ; Child abuse ; Health care
Publicat a: PloS one, Vol. 10, Num. 8 (2015) , p. 1-12, ISSN 1932-6203

DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0135150
PMID: 26247601

12 p, 223.5 KB

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