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A specific Gibberellin 20-oxidase dictates the flowering-runnering decision in diploid strawberry
Tenreira, Tracey (Unité Mixte de Recherche Inra-Université de Bordeaux)
Pimenta Lange, Maria Joao (Technische Universität Braunschweig. Institut für Pflanzenbiologie)
Lange, Theo (Technische Universität Braunschweig. Institut für Pflanzenbiologie)
Bres, Cécile (Unité Mixte de Recherche Inra-Université de Bordeaux)
Labadie, Marc (Unité Mixte de Recherche Inra-Université de Bordeaux)
Monfort Vives, Amparo (Centre de Recerca en Agrigenòmica)
Hernould, Michel (Unité Mixte de Recherche Inra-Université de Bordeaux)
Rothan, Christophe (Unité Mixte de Recherche Inra-Université de Bordeaux)
Denoyes, Beatrice (Unité Mixte de Recherche Inra-Université de Bordeaux)

Date: 2017
Abstract: Asexual and sexual reproduction occur jointly in many angiosperms. Stolons (elongated stems) are used for asexual reproduction in the crop species potato (Solanum tuberosum) and strawberry (Fragaria spp), where they produce tubers and clonal plants, respectively. In strawberry, stolon production is essential for vegetative propagation at the expense of fruit yield, but the underlying molecular mechanisms are unknown. Here, we show that the stolon deficiency trait of the runnerless (r) natural mutant in woodland diploid strawberry (Fragaria vesca) is due to a deletion in the active site of a gibberellin 20-oxidase (GA20ox) gene, which is expressed primarily in the axillary meristem dome and primordia and in developing stolons. This mutation, which is found in all r mutants, goes back more than three centuries. When FveGA20ox4 is mutated, axillary meristems remain dormant or produce secondary shoots terminated by inflorescences, thus increasing the number of inflorescences in the plant. The application of bioactive gibberellin (GA) restored the runnering phenotype in the r mutant, indicating that GA biosynthesis in the axillary meristem is essential for inducing stolon differentiation. The possibility of regulating the runnering-flowering decision in strawberry via FveGA20ox4 provides a path for improving productivity in strawberry by controlling the trade-off between sexual reproduction and vegetative propagation.
Note: Número d'acord de subvenció EC/FP7/265942
Rights: Tots els drets reservats
Language: Anglès
Document: article ; recerca ; Versió publicada
Published in: The Plant Cell, Vol. 29, issue 9 (Sep. 2017) , p. 2168-2182, ISSN 1040-4651

DOI: 10.1105/tpc.16.00949
PMID: 28874507

17 p, 10.3 MB

The record appears in these collections:
Research literature > UAB research groups literature > Research Centres and Groups (research output) > Experimental sciences > CRAG (Centre for Research in Agricultural Genomics)
Articles > Research articles
Articles > Published articles

 Record created 2017-11-30, last modified 2021-06-20

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