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Experimental early crystallization of K-feldspar in granitic systems : implications on the origin of magmatic fabrics in granitic rocks
Díaz-Alvarado, J. (Universidad de Atacama. Departamento de Geología)

Date: 2017
Abstract: One of the most outstanding characteristics of some granodioritic to granitic rocks is the presence of K-feldspar megacrysts. For instance, granodiorites and monzogranites of the Spanish Central System batholith present variable amounts of large (up to 10cm in length) euhedral K-feldspar crystals. The porphyritic textures, the euhedral shape, the alignment of plagioclase and biotite inclusions and the magmatic fabrics point to a magmatic origin for these megacrysts. This work presents a phase equilibria study in a high-K2O granodioritic system. A series of experiments were conducted with a granodioritic composition (GEMbiot) to study the crystallization sequence at the emplacement conditions in the Gredos massif, i. e. 4 H2O wt. % and 0. 4GPa. Experimental results show that orthopiroxene is the liquidus phase at 1010ºC, which reacts with the H2O-rich melt to stabilize biotite between 980 and 940ºC. Plagioclase crystallizes at around 910ºC, and K-feldspar crystallizes in the matrix between 750 and 700ºC when the crystal fraction is around 0. 5. However, at 850ºC, a pelite-doped experiment shows euhedral K-feldspar (≈5vol%) in both the reactive xenolith domain together with cordierite and the granodioritic domain, where the K2O wt. % rose from 4. 5 in the normal experiment to 5. 9 in the doped experiment. These results suggest that the bulk-assimilation process promotes the bulk and heterogeneous K2O enrichment in a huge granodioritic magma volume, which triggers an early crystallization of K-feldspar megacrysts. Because of this early crystallization of the megacrysts, the magmatic foliations defined by K-feldspar megacrysts are formed during and after the emplacement processes and are highly influenced by tectonic kinematics.
Rights: Aquest document està subjecte a una llicència d'ús Creative Commons. Es permet la reproducció total o parcial, la distribució, la comunicació pública de l'obra i la creació d'obres derivades, sempre i quan aquestes es distribueixin sota la mateixa llicència que regula l'obra original i es reconegui l'autoria. Creative Commons
Language: Anglès.
Document: article ; recerca ; publishedVersion
Subject: K-feldspar megacrysts ; Experimental petrology ; Granodiorites ; Magmatic fabrics ; Spanish Central System batholith
Published in: Geologica acta, Vol. 15 Núm. 4 (2017) , p. 261-281, ISSN 1696-5728

Adreça alternativa: https://www.raco.cat/index.php/GeologicaActa/article/view/330793
DOI: 10.1344/GeologicaActa2017.15.4.2


21 p, 5.8 MB

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Articles > Published articles > Geologica acta
Articles > Research articles

 Record created 2018-01-25, last modified 2018-10-21



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