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Recombination rates and genomic shuffling in human and chimpanzee : a new twist in the chromosomal speciation theory
Farré Belmonte, Marta (Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona. Department de Biologia Cel·lular, Fisiologia i Immunologia)
Micheletti, Diego (Centre de Recerca en Agrigenòmica)
Ruiz-Herrera Moreno, Aurora (Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona. Departament de Biologia Cel·lular, de Fisiologia i d'Immunologia)

Fecha: 2013
Resumen: A long-standing question in evolutionary biology concerns the effect of recombination in shaping the genomic architecture of organisms and, in particular, how this impacts the speciation process. Despite efforts employed in the last decade, the role of chromosomal reorganizations in the human–chimpanzee speciation process remains unresolved. Through whole-genome comparisons, we have analyzed the genome-wide impact of genomic shuffling in the distribution of human recombination rates during the human–chimpanzee speciation process. We have constructed a highly refined map of the reorganizations and evolutionary breakpoint regions in the human and chimpanzee genomes based on orthologous genes and genome sequence alignments. The analysis of the most recent human and chimpanzee recombination maps inferred from genome-wide single-nucleotide polymorphism data revealed that the standardized recombination rate was significantly lower in rearranged than in collinear chromosomes. In fact, rearranged chromosomes presented significantly lower recombination rates than chromosomes that have been maintained since the ancestor of great apes, and this was related with the lineage in which they become fixed. Importantly, inverted regions had lower recombination rates than collinear and noninverted regions, independently of the effect of centromeres. Our observations have implications for the chromosomal speciation theory, providing new evidences for the contribution of inversions in suppressing recombination in mammals.
Nota: Número d'acord de subvenció MICINN/CGL-2010-20170
Derechos: Aquest document està subjecte a una llicència d'ús Creative Commons. Es permet la reproducció total o parcial, la distribució, la comunicació pública de l'obra i la creació d'obres derivades, sempre que no sigui amb finalitats comercials, i sempre que es reconegui l'autoria de l'obra original. Creative Commons
Lengua: Anglès.
Documento: article ; recerca ; publishedVersion
Materia: Recombination ; Speciation ; Human ; Hemiplasy ; Chimpanzee ; Inversions ; Reorganizations
Publicado en: Molecular biology and evolution, Vol. 30, issue 4 (April 2013) , p. 853–864, ISSN 1537-1719

PMID: 23204393
DOI: 10.1093/molbev/mss272


12 p, 525.4 KB

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 Registro creado el 2018-01-26, última modificación el 2019-07-16



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