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Lack of synergistic effect of resveratrol and sigma-1 receptor agonist (PRE-084) in SOD1 G93A ALS mice : overlapping effects or limited therapeutic opportunity?
Mancuso, Renzo (Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona. Institut de Neurociències)
Del Valle, Jaume (Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona. Institut de Neurociències)
Morell, Marta (Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona. Institut de Neurociències)
Pallàs i Llibería, Mercè (Universitat de Barcelona. Institut de Biomedicina)
Osta, Rosario (Universidad de Zaragoza)
Navarro, X. (Xavier) (Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona. Institut de Neurociències)
Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona. Departament de Biologia Cel·lular, de Fisiologia i d'Immunologia

Fecha: 2014
Resumen: Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) is an adult onset neurodegenerative disease characterized by the loss of motoneurons (MNs) in the spinal cord, brainstem and motor cortex, causing progressive paralysis and death. Nowadays, there is no effective therapy and most patients die 2–5 years after diagnosis. Sigma-1R is a transmembrane protein highly expressed in the CNS and specially enriched in MNs. Mutations on the Sigma-1R leading to frontotemporal lobar degeneration-ALS were recently described in human patients. We previously reported the therapeutic role of the selective sigma-1R agonist 2-(4-morpholi-nethyl)1-phenylcyclohexanecarboxylate (PRE-084) in SOD1 G93A ALS mice, that promoted spinal MN preservation and extended animal survival by controlling NMDA receptor calcium influx. Resveratrol (RSV, trans-3,4′,5-trihydroxystilbene) is a natural polyphenol with promising neuroprotective effects. We recently found that RSV administration to SOD1 G93A mice preserves spinal MN function and increases mice survival. These beneficial effects were associated to activation of Sirtuin 1 (Sirt1) and AMP-activated protein kinase (AMPK) pathways, leading to the modulation of autophagy and an increase of mitochondrial biogenesis. The main goal of this work was to assess the effect of combined RSV and PRE-084 administration in SOD1 G93A ALS mice. We determined the locomotor performance of the animals by rotarod test and evaluated spinal motoneuron function using electrophysiological tests. RSV plus PRE-084 treatment from 8 weeks of age significantly improved locomotor performance and spinal MN function, accompanied by a significant reduction of MN degeneration and an extension of mice lifespan. In agreement with our previous findings, there was an induction of PKC-specific phosphorylation of the NMDA-NR1 subunit and an increased expression and activation of Sirt1 and AMPK in the ventral spinal cord of treated SOD1 G93A animals. Although combined PRE and RSV treatment significantly ameliorated SOD1 G93A mice, it did not show a synergistic effect compared to RSV-only and PRE-084-only treated groups.
Nota: Altres ajuts: Action COST-B30 of the EC
Nota: Número d'acord de subvenció MICINN/SAF2009-12495
Derechos: Aquest document està subjecte a una llicència d'ús Creative Commons. Es permet la reproducció total o parcial, la distribució, la comunicació pública de l'obra i la creació d'obres derivades, fins i tot amb finalitats comercials, sempre i quan es reconegui l'autoria de l'obra original. Creative Commons
Lengua: Anglès.
Documento: article ; recerca ; publishedVersion
Materia: Motoneuron disease ; Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis ; Resveratrol ; Sirtuin 1 ; AMPK ; SOD1 G93A mice ; Sigma-1 receptor ; PRE-084 ; Combined therapy
Publicado en: Orphanet Journal of Rare Diseases, Vol. 9 (May 2014) , art. 78, ISSN 1750-1172

PMID: 24885036
DOI: 10.1186/1750-1172-9-78


11 p, 1.2 MB

El registro aparece en las colecciones:
Documentos de investigación > Documentos de los grupos de investigación de la UAB > Centros y grupos de investigación (producción científica) > Ciencias de la salud y biociencias > Institut de Neurociències (INc)
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 Registro creado el 2018-01-29, última modificación el 2019-09-17



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