Web of Science: 11 cites, Scopus: 12 cites, Google Scholar: cites,
Insomnia among patients with advanced disease during admission in a Palliative Care Unit : a prospective observational study on its frequency and association with psychological, physical and environmental factors
Renom Guiteras, Anna (Hospital del Mar)
Planas Domingo, Josep (Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona)
Farriols, Cristina (Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona)
Mojal, Sergi (Institut Hospital del Mar d'Investigacions Mèdiques)
Miralles Basseda, Ramon (Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona)
Silvent, Maria A. (Hospital de l'Esperança)
Ruiz Ripoll, Ada I. (Hospital del Mar)

Data: 2014
Resum: The aims of this study were: 1) to assess the frequency of insomnia among patients during admission in a Palliative Care Unit (PCU); 2) to study the association between emotional distress and insomnia, taking physical, environmental and other psychological factors into account. Prospective observational study including patients consecutively admitted to a PCU during eight months, excluding those with severe cognitive problems or too low performance status. Insomnia was assessed by asking a single question and by using the Sleep Disturbance Scale (SDS), and emotional distress using the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS). Physical, environmental and other psychological factors potentially interfering with sleep quality were evaluated. Association between insomnia and the factors evaluated was studied using univariate and multivariate regression analyses. 61 patients were included (mean age 71. 5 years; 95% with oncological disease); 38 (62%) answered "yes" to the insomnia single question and 29 (47%) showed moderate to severe insomnia according to the SDS. 65% showed clinically significant emotional distress and 79% had nocturnal rumination. The physical symptoms most often mentioned as interfering with sleep quality were pain (69%) and dyspnoea (36%). 77% reported at least one environmental disturbance. In the univariate analysis, answering "yes" to the insomnia single question was significantly associated with higher HADS score, anxiety, nocturnal rumination, clear knowledge of the diagnosis, higher performance status and dyspnoea; moderate to severe insomnia was significantly associated with nocturnal rumination, higher performance status, environmental disturbances and daytime sleepiness. In the multivariate regression analysis, answering "yes" to the single question was associated with dyspnoea (OR 7. 2 [1. 65-31. 27]; p = 0. 009), nocturnal rumination (OR 5. 5 [1. 05-28. 49]; p = 0. 04) and higher performance status (OR 14. 3 [1. 62-125. 43]; p = 0. 017), and moderate to severe insomnia with nocturnal rumination (OR 5. 6 [1. 1-29. 1]; p = 0. 041), and inversely associated with daytime sleepiness (OR 0. 25 [0. 07-0. 9]; p = 0. 043). Insomnia was highly frequent. Several physical, psychological and environmental factors seemed to influence insomnia. Within the multimodal management of insomnia, the assessment of nocturnal rumination may be of particular interest, irrespective of emotional distress. Further studies with larger sample sizes could confirm this result.
Drets: Aquest document està subjecte a una llicència d'ús Creative Commons. Es permet la reproducció total o parcial, la distribució, la comunicació pública de l'obra i la creació d'obres derivades, fins i tot amb finalitats comercials, sempre i quan es reconegui l'autoria de l'obra original. Creative Commons
Llengua: Anglès.
Document: article ; recerca ; publishedVersion
Matèria: Palliative care ; Sleep disorders ; Insomnia ; Rumination ; Oncology ; Symptom assessment ; Sleep Disturbance Scale
Publicat a: BMC Palliative Care, Vol. 13 (August 2014) , art. 40, ISSN 1472-684X

PMID: 25136263
DOI: 10.1186/1472-684X-13-40

12 p, 273.5 KB

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