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Role of Human Organic Cation Transporter 1 (hOCT1) Polymorphisms in Lamivudine (3TC) Uptake and Drug-Drug Interactions
Arimany-Nardi, Cristina (Oncology Program, National Biomedical Research Institute on Liver and Gastrointestinal Diseases (CIBER EHD), Instituto de Salud Carlos III)
Minuesa, Gerard (Institut Germans Trias i Pujol. Institut de Recerca de la Sida IrsiCaixa)
Keller, Thorsten (Department of Pharmacology, School of Medicine, University of Würzburg)
Erkizia, Itziar (Institut Germans Trias i Pujol. Institut de Recerca de la Sida IrsiCaixa)
Koepsell, Hermann (Department of Molecular Plant Physiology and Biophysics, Julius-von-Sachs-Institute, University of Würzburg)
Martinez-Picado, Javier (Institut Germans Trias i Pujol. Institut de Recerca de la Sida IrsiCaixa)
Pastor-Anglada, Marçal (Institut de Recerca Pediàtrica Hospital Sant Joan de Déu)
Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona

Fecha: 2016
Resumen: Lamivudine (3TC), a drug used in the treatment of HIV infection, needs to cross the plasma membrane to exert its therapeutic action. Human Organic cation transporter 1 (hOCT1), encoded by the SLC22A1 gene, is the transporter responsible for its uptake into target cells. As SLC22A1 is a highly polymorphic gene, the aim of this study was to determine how SNPs in the OCT1-encoding gene affected 3TC internalization and its interaction with other co-administered drugs. HEK293 cells stably transfected with either the wild type form or the polymorphic variants of hOCT1 were used to perform kinetic and drug-drug interaction studies. Protein co-immunoprecipitation was used to assess the impact of selected polymorphic cysteines on the oligomerization of the transporter. Results showed that 3TC transport efficiency was reduced in all polymorphic variants tested (R61C, C88R, S189L, M420del, and G465R). This was not caused by lack of oligomerization in case of variants located at the transporter extracellular loop (R61C and C88R). Drug-drug interaction measurements showed that co-administered drugs [abacavir (ABC), zidovudine (AZT), emtricitabine (FTC), tenofovir diproxil fumarate (TDF), efavirenz (EFV) and raltegravir (RAL)], differently inhibited 3TC uptake depending upon the polymorphic variant analyzed. These data highlight the need for accurate analysis of drug transporter polymorphic variants of clinical relevance, because polymorphisms can impact on substrate (3TC) translocation but even more importantly they can differentially affect drug-drug interactions at the transporter level.
Nota: Altres ajuts: This study was also supported by Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft Grant KO 872/6-1 to HK. CA was recipient of predoctoral fellowships FPI from Ministerio de Ciencia e Innovación.
Nota: Número d'acord de subvenció MEC/SAF2014-52067-R
Nota: Número d'acord de subvenció MEC/SAF2013-49042-R
Nota: Número d'acord de subvenció MEC/SAF2011-23660
Derechos: Aquest document està subjecte a una llicència d'ús Creative Commons. Es permet la reproducció total o parcial, la distribució, la comunicació pública de l'obra i la creació d'obres derivades, fins i tot amb finalitats comercials, sempre i quan es reconegui l'autoria de l'obra original. Creative Commons
Lengua: Anglès
Documento: article ; recerca ; publishedVersion
Materia: HOCT1 ; Pharmacogenetics ; Lamivudine ; HIV infection ; Therapy
Publicado en: Frontiers in Pharmacology, Vol. 7 (june 2016) , ISSN 1663-9812

DOI: 10.3389/fphar.2016.00175
PMID: 27445813

10 p, 2.9 MB

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Documentos de investigación > Documentos de los grupos de investigación de la UAB > Centros y grupos de investigación (producción científica) > Ciencias de la salud y biociencias > Institut d'Investigació en Ciencies de la Salut Germans Trias i Pujol (IGTP)
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