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Prevalence and clinical impact of recreational drug consumption in people living with HIV on treatment : a cross-sectional study
Garin, Noe (Instituto de Salud Carlos III, Centro de Investigación Biomédica en Red de Salud Mental (CIBERSAM))
Zurita, Beatriz (Institut d'Investigació Biomèdica Sant Pau)
Velasco, Cesar (ISGlobal, Barcelona Ctr. Int. Health Res. (CRESIB), Hospital Clínic, University of Barcelona)
Feliu, Anna (Institut d'Investigació Biomèdica Sant Pau)
Gutierrez, Mar (Institut d'Investigació Biomèdica Sant Pau)
Masip, Montserrat (Institut d'Investigació Biomèdica Sant Pau)
Mangues, M Antonia (Instituto de Salud Carlos III, Centro de Investigación Biomédica en Red de Bioingeniería, Biomateriales y Nanomedicina (CIBER-BBN))

Fecha: 2017
Resumen: Drug interactions, poor adherence to medication and high-risk sexual behaviour may occur in individuals with HIV using recreational drugs. Thus, we aimed to assess the prevalence of recreational drugs use and to explore its clinical impact in HIV patients on treatment. Observational, cross sectional, study conducted in a 700 bed university hospital, Barcelona, Spain. A total of 208 adults living with HIV on treatment were included. A questionnaire was administered by clinical pharmacists, including evaluation of sociodemographic variables, past 12-month drug consumption, adherence to antiretrovirals (Simplified Medication Adherence Questionnaire) and high-risk sexual behaviour (condomless sex/multiple partners). Additional data were obtained from clinical records. Recreational drug-antiretroviral interactions were checked in reference databases. Prevalence was calculated for 5% precision and 95% CI. Crude and adjusted binary logistic regressions were performed to identify associations between recreational drug use and adherence problems, and between recreational drug use and high-risk sexual behaviour. From the overall sample, 92 participants (44. 2%) consumed recreational drugs over the past 1 year. Of these, 44 (48. 8%) had used different types of recreational drugs in this period. We detected 11 recreational substances, including sildenafil and nitrites. The most consumed drugs were: cannabis (68. 5%), cocaine (45. 5%), nitrites (31. 5%), sildenafil (28. 3) and ecstasy (19. 6%). Relevant interactions occurred in 46 (50%) of the individuals consuming drugs. Recreational drug consumption was found to be related to adherence problems with antiretrovirals (OR: 2. 51 (95% CI 1. 32 to 4. 77) p=0. 005) and high-risk sexual behaviour (OR: 2. 81 (95% CI 1. 47 to 5. 39) p=0. 002). Recreational drugs are frequently used by HIV patients on treatment. Classical drugs and new substances consumed in sexual context are usual. Recreational drug consumption interferes with several clinical outcomes, including potentially relevant interactions between drugs and antiretrovirals, adherence problems and high-risk sexual behaviour. Thus, there is the urgent need of implementing patient-centred care involving recreational drug consumption.
Derechos: Aquest document està subjecte a una llicència d'ús Creative Commons. Es permet la reproducció total o parcial, la distribució, la comunicació pública de l'obra i la creació d'obres derivades, sempre que no sigui amb finalitats comercials, i sempre que es reconegui l'autoria de l'obra original. Creative Commons
Lengua: Anglès.
Documento: article ; recerca ; publishedVersion
Materia: Recreational drugs ; Drug interactions ; Medication adherence ; Sexual behavior
Publicado en: BMJ open, Vol. 7 (january 2017) , ISSN 2044-6055

PMID: 28100565
DOI: 10.1136/bmjopen-2016-014105

10 p, 866.1 KB

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Documentos de investigación > Documentos de los grupos de investigación de la UAB > Centros y grupos de investigación (producción científica) > Ciencias de la salud y biociencias > Institut d'Investigació Biomèdica Sant Pau
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 Registro creado el 2018-02-08, última modificación el 2019-11-06

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