Web of Science: 8 cites, Scopus: 8 cites, Google Scholar: cites,
Beak and skull shapes of human commensal and non-commensal house sparrows Passer domesticus
Riyahi, Sepand (Ferdowsi University of Mashhad. Department of Biology)
Hammer, Øyvind (Universitetet i Oslo. Naturhistorisk museum)
Arbabi, Tayebeh (Universität Heidelberg. Institut für Pharmazie und Molekulare Biotechnologie)
Sánchez Marco, Antonio (Institut Català de Paleontologia Miquel Crusafont)
Roselaar, Cees S. (Naturalis Biodiversity Center)
Aliabadian, Mansour (Ferdowsi University of Mashhad. Department of Biology)
Saetre, Glenn-Peter (Universitetet i Oslo. Senter for økologisk og evolusjonær syntese)

Data: 2013
Resum: Background: the granivorous house sparrow Passer domesticus is thought to have developed its commensal relationship with humans with the rise of agriculture in the Middle East some 10,000 years ago, and to have expanded with the spread of agriculture in Eurasia during the last few thousand years. One subspecies, P. d. bactrianus, residing in Central Asia, has apparently maintained the ancestral ecology, however. This subspecies is not associated with human settlements; it is migratory and lives in natural grass- and wetland habitats feeding on wild grass seeds. It is well documented that the agricultural revolution was associated with an increase in grain size and changes in seed structure in cultivated cereals, the preferred food source of commensal house sparrow. Accordingly, we hypothesize that correlated changes may have occurred in beak and skull morphology as adaptive responses to the change in diet. Here, we test this hypothesis by comparing the skull shapes of 101 house sparrows from Iran, belonging to five different subspecies, including the non-commensal P. d. bactrianus, using geometric morphometrics. - Results: the various commensal house sparrow subspecies share subtle but consistent skeletal features that differ significantly from those of the non-commensal P. d. bactrianus. Although there is a marked overall size allometry in the data set, the shape difference between the ecologically differentiated sparrows cannot be explained by differences in size alone. Relative to the size allometry commensal house sparrows exhibit a skull shape consistent with accelerated development (heterochrony), resulting in a more robust facial cranium and a larger, more pointed beak. - Conclusion: the difference in skull shape and robustness of the beak between commensal and non-commensal house sparrows is consistent with adaptations to process the larger and rachis encapsulated seeds of domesticated cereals among human associated populations.
Drets: Aquest document està subjecte a una llicència d'ús Creative Commons. Es permet la reproducció total o parcial, la distribució, la comunicació pública de l'obra i la creació d'obres derivades, fins i tot amb finalitats comercials, sempre i quan es reconegui l'autoria de l'obra original. Creative Commons
Llengua: Anglès.
Document: article ; recerca ; publishedVersion
Matèria: Geometric morphometrics ; Beak shape ; Granivorous bird ; Passer domesticus ; Human commensalism
Publicat a: BMC evolutionary biology, Vol. 13 (2013) , art. 200, ISSN 1471-2148

DOI: 10.1186/1471-2148-13-200
PMID: 24044497

8 p, 1007.8 KB

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Documents de recerca > Documents dels grups de recerca de la UAB > Centres i grups de recerca (producció científica) > Ciències > Institut Català de Paleontologia Miquel Crusafont (ICP)
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 Registre creat el 2018-02-19, darrera modificació el 2019-07-18

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