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A study on air quality and heavy metals content of urban food produced in a Mediterranean city (Barcelona)
Ercilla Montserrat, Mireia (Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona. Institut de Ciència i Tecnologia Ambientals)
Muñoz Odina, Pere (Institut de Recerca i Tecnologia Agroalimentàries)
Montero Camacho, Juan Ignacio (Institut de Recerca i Tecnologia Agroalimentàries)
Gabarrell Durany, Xavier (Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona. Departament d'Enginyeria Química, Biològica i Ambiental)
Rieradevall, Joan (Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona. Institut de Ciència i Tecnologia Ambientals)

Fecha: 2018
Resumen: Urban agriculture is growing in cities and is rising to the roofs of buildings. The potential food contamination is a key issue to be resolved to guarantee the health of consumers, and it affects both urban agriculture promoters and consumers. Crop contamination from the soil can be overcome by adopting a soilless cultivation system that, with good management practices, can also avoid contamination from the fertirrigation system and pest treatments. It has recently increased the number of soilless cultivation systems in cities due to the good features it offers. This study focuses on the potential contamination of heavy metals in hydroponic lettuce crops due to atmospheric pollution in high-traffic areas. The contents of heavy metal in the air and the lettuce leaves were measured at 4 sites: a periurban-integrated rooftop greenhouse, a periurban rooftop, an urban courtyard and an urban rooftop. High-volume sensors were used to assess air contamination. Lettuce leaves were analysed to evaluate the heavy metal concentrations. The results show that the heavy metal concentration in lettuce leaves is also below the EU-legislated limit in all studied cases. Specifically, the concentrations below the detectable analytic values were <0. 02 mgNi/kg, <0. 008 mgHg/kg, 0. 005mgAs/kg and <0. 005 mgCd/kg. The Pb concentration ranged from 0. 0060 mg/kg to 0. 0244 mg/kg. Although the chosen sampling locations were close to high-density roads and they are more vulnerable to a high concentration of metals, in the 4 sampling points heavy metal concentration in the air were less than 50% of the limits established in the legislation as the lower assessment threshold. This study concludes that the heavy metal content in the air of Barcelona is low and is not a source of contamination for urban crops including high traffic areas.
Nota: Número d'acord de subvenció MINECO/CTM2016-75772-C3-1-R
Nota: Número d'acord de subvenció MINECO/MINECO/CTM2013-47067-C2-1-R
Nota: Número d'acord de subvenció MINECO/AGAUR/FI-DGR 2016
Nota: Unidad de excelencia María de Maeztu MdM-2015-0552
Derechos: Aquest document està subjecte a una llicència d'ús Creative Commons. Es permet la reproducció total o parcial i la comunicació pública de l'obra, sempre que no sigui amb finalitats comercials, i sempre que es reconegui l'autoria de l'obra original. No es permet la creació d'obres derivades. Creative Commons
Lengua: Anglès.
Documento: article ; recerca ; publishedVersion
Materia: Soilless system ; Contamination ; Cities ; Food security ; Food quality ; Toxicity ; Atmospheric particulate ; Vertical farming
Publicado en: Journal of cleaner production, Vol. 195 (2018) , p. 385-395, ISSN 0959-6526

DOI: 10.1016/j.jclepro.2018.05.183


11 p, 1008.1 KB

El registro aparece en las colecciones:
Documentos de investigación > Documentos de los grupos de investigación de la UAB > Centros y grupos de investigación (producción científica) > Ingeniería > Sostenibilidad y Prevención Ambiental (Sostenipra)
Documentos de investigación > Documentos de los grupos de investigación de la UAB > Centros y grupos de investigación (producción científica) > Ciencias > Institut de Ciència i Tecnologia Ambientals (ICTA)
Artículos > Artículos de investigación
Artículos > Artículos publicados

 Registro creado el 2018-07-19, última modificación el 2019-02-07



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