Web of Science: 10 citations, Scopus: 10 citations, Google Scholar: citations,
Shock and stabilisation following long-term drought in tropical forest from 15 years of litterfall dynamics
Rowland, Lucy (University of Exeter. Department of Geography)
da Costa, Antonio C. L. (Universidade Federal do Pará. Instituto de Geosciências)
Oliveira, Alex A. R. (Museu Paraense Emílio Goeldi)
Almeida, Samuel S. (Museu Paraense Emílio Goeldi)
Ferreira, Leandro V. (Museu Paraense Emílio Goeldi)
Malhi, Yadvinder (University of Oxford. Environmental Change Institute)
Metcalfe, Dan B. (Lund University. Physical Geography and Ecosystem Science)
Mencuccini, Maurizio (Centre de Recerca Ecològica i d'Aplicacions Forestals)
Grace, John (University of Edinburgh. School of GeoSciences)
Meir, Patrick (Australian National University. Research School of Biology)
Institució Catalana de Recerca i Estudis Avançats

Date: 2018
Abstract: 1. Litterfall dynamics in tropical forests are a good indicator of overall tropical forest function, indicative of carbon invested in both photosynthesising tissues and reproductive organs such as flowers and fruits. These dynamics are sensitive to changes in climate, such as drought, but little is known about the long-term responses of tropical forest litterfall dynamics to extended drought stress. 2. We present a 15-year dataset of litterfall (leaf, flower and fruit, and twigs) from the world's only long-running drought experiment in tropical forest. This dataset comprises one of the longest published litterfall time series in natural forest, which allows the long-term effects of drought on forest reproduction and canopy investment to be explored. 3. Over the first 4 years of the experiment, the experimental soil moisture deficit created only a small decline in total litterfall and leaf fall (12% and 13%, respectively), but a very strong initial decline in reproductive litterfall (flowers and fruits) of 54%. This loss of flowering and fruiting was accompanied by a de-coupling of all litterfall patterns from seasonal climate variables. However, following >10 years of the experimental drought, flower and fruiting re-stabilised at levels greater than in the control plot, despite high tree mortality in the drought plot. Litterfall relationships with atmospheric drivers were re-established alongside a strong new apparent trade-off between litterfall and tree growth. 4. Synthesis. We demonstrate that this tropical forest went through an initial shock response during the first 4 years of intense drought, where reproductive effort was arrested and seasonal litterfall patterns were lost. However, following >10 years of experimental drought, this system appears to be re-stabilising at a new functional state where reproduction is substantially elevated on a per tree basis; and there is a new strong trade-off between investment in canopy production and wood production.
Note: ALTRES AJUTS: ERC/NE/J011002/1, ERC/NE/N014022/1
Rights: Aquest document està subjecte a una llicència d'ús Creative Commons. Es permet la reproducció total o parcial, la distribució, la comunicació pública de l'obra i la creació d'obres derivades, fins i tot amb finalitats comercials, sempre i quan es reconegui l'autoria de l'obra original. Creative Commons
Language: Anglès
Document: article ; recerca ; publishedVersion
Subject: Carbon allocation ; Climate interactions ; Drought ; Ecophysiology ; Flowering and Fruiting ; Litterfall ; Tropical forest
Published in: Journal of ecology, Vol. 106 Núm. 4 (july 2018) , p. 1673-1682, ISSN 0022-0477

DOI: 10.1111/1365-2745.12931

10 p, 1013.8 KB

The record appears in these collections:
Research literature > UAB research groups literature > Research Centres and Groups (scientific output) > Experimental sciences > CREAF (Centre de Recerca Ecològica i d'Aplicacions Forestals)
Articles > Research articles
Articles > Published articles

 Record created 2018-08-30, last modified 2020-11-04

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