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Socio-spatial legibility, discipline, and gentrification through favela upgrading in Rio de Janeiro
Comelli, Thaisa (Federal University of Rio de Janeiro. Faculty of Architecture and Urbanism)
Anguelovski, Isabelle Michele Sophie (Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona. Institut de Ciència i Tecnologia Ambientals)
Chu, Eric (University of Birmingham. School of Geography, Earth and Environment Sciences)

Fecha: 2018
Resumen: This paper contributes to global perspectives on gentrification by interrogating the experiences of urban redevelopment and transformation in the global South. Through unpacking the contradictions of public space revitalization and upgrading in two favelas in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, we critically examine changes to the socio-spatial fabric of informal settlements over time. Our analysis reveals that upgrading projects, when combined with stateled favela pacification, create socio-spatial legibility through three inter-related pathways ofphysical, symbolic, and economic discipline. In the outset, favela upgrading increases property prices and produces an urban scenario molded for outsiders while simultaneously invisibilizing traditional cultural and social uses. For favela residents, however, upgrading is experienced as iterative processes of securitization and restriction, which involve strategies such as environmental clean-up, property enclosure, police violence, and new exclusionary forms of investments. As a result, the most socially vulnerable residents are controlled, coercively driven away, and slowly erased. Over time, the apparent integration of the formal and informal city, of the rich and the poor, of the ‘asphalt’ and the ‘hill’ in Rio de Janeiro produces new forms of separation, segregation, and fragmentation.
Nota: Unidad de excelencia María de Maeztu MdM-2015-0552
Nota: Digital object identifier for the 'European Research Council' (, Digital object identifier for 'Horizon 2020' (
Nota: Número d'acord de subvenció MINECO/MDM-2015-0552
Nota: Número d'acord de subvenció MINECO/RYC-2014-15870
Nota: Número d'acord de subvenció EC/H2020/678034
Derechos: Tots els drets reservats
Lengua: Anglès.
Documento: article ; recerca ; acceptedVersion
Materia: Slum upgrading ; Neoliberal cities ; Public space ; Global gentrification ; Environmental gentrification ; Rio ; Brazil
Publicado en: City: analysis of urban trends, culture, theory, policy, action, (29 November 2018) , ISSN 1360-4813

DOI: 10.1080/13604813.2018.1549205

Disponible a partir de: 2020-11-01

El registro aparece en las colecciones:
Documentos de investigación > Documentos de los grupos de investigación de la UAB > Centros y grupos de investigación (producción científica) > Ciencias > Barcelona Lab for Urban Environmental Justice and Sustainability (BCNUEJ)
Documentos de investigación > Documentos de los grupos de investigación de la UAB > Centros y grupos de investigación (producción científica) > Ciencias > Institut de Ciència i Tecnologia Ambientals (ICTA)
Artículos > Artículos de investigación
Artículos > Artículos publicados

 Registro creado el 2018-12-19, última modificación el 2019-06-13

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