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Synthesis and adsorption behavior of mesoporous alumina and Fe-doped alumina for the removal of dominant arsenic species in contaminated waters
Inchaurrondo, Natalia (Universidad Nacional de Mar del Plata (Argentina))
Di Luca, Carla (Universidad Nacional de Mar del Plata (Argentina))
Mori, Fernanda (Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas (Argentina))
Pintar, Albin (Kemijski inštitut (Eslovènia))
Zerjav, Gregor (Kemijski inštitut (Eslovènia))
Valiente Malmagro, Manuel (Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona. Departament de Química)
Palet i Ballús, Cristina (Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona. Departament de Química)

Date: 2019
Abstract: Ordered mesoporous Al2O3 and Fe-Al2O3 materials were synthesized at room temperature by an easy and environmentally friendly self-assembly sol-gel route, to be tested for arsenic removal. Solid samples were thoroughly characterized by several techniques. Synthetized and commercial alumina samples were evaluated as adsorbents for the removal of dominant arsenic species under a wide pH range (3. 6-11. 5). The mesoporous alumina showed higher adsorption capacity (90 mg/g As(V), pHeq 4) than commercial alumina (54 mg/g As(V), pHeq 4), due to its amorphous structure, uniform accessible mesopores and higher surface acidity. The Fe bearing material exhibited strong As affinity. As(III) adsorption resulted much lower than for arsenate (maximum uptake of 16 mg/g, at pH 8), since As(III)-adsorbent interaction is only based on weak Van der Waals force. Arsenic isotherms adjusted well to the Freundlich model and more accurately to the three parameters Sip's model. The kinetics results fitted the Elovich model. As pH increased, adsorption capacity decreased due to the reduction of electrostatic interactions. Under alkaline conditions arsenic desorption was achieved, although the stability of the material was compromised. The presence of several interfering ions was evaluated. Phosphate ions showed the highest interference. The use of a tap water matrix increased As(V) adsorption, encouraging the use of these materials in the treatment of real polluted waters.
Note: Número d'acord de subvenció EC/H2020/645024
Note: Número d'acord de subvenció MINECO/CTM2015-65414-C2-1-R
Rights: Aquest document està subjecte a una llicència d'ús Creative Commons. Es permet la reproducció total o parcial i la comunicació pública de l'obra, sempre que no sigui amb finalitats comercials, i sempre que es reconegui l'autoria de l'obra original. No es permet la creació d'obres derivades. Creative Commons
Language: Anglès.
Document: article ; recerca ; acceptedVersion
Subject: Mesoporous alumina ; Fe doped alumina ; As(III) ; As(V) removal ; Adsorption mechanism.
Published in: Journal of environmental chemical engineering, Vol. 7, issue 1 (Feb. 2019) , art. 102901, ISSN 2213-3437

DOI: 10.1016/j.jece.2019.102901


Available from: 2021-02-28
Postprint

The record appears in these collections:
Articles > Research articles
Articles > Published articles

 Record created 2019-01-15, last modified 2019-07-21



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