El superlativo relativo, ¿comparativo o superlativo?. Una vieja polémica gramatical
Sánchez Salor, Eustaquio (Universidad de Extremadura. Departamento de Ciencias de la Antigüedad)

Date: 1996
Abstract: Since Greek authors is has been traditionally agreed that comparison is a three degree-system: positive, comparative and superlative. Doctrine also argues that superlative can compare, specially in case of relative superlative, which compares a term with another of the same category. According to this doctrine, relative superlative is, therefore, a comparative rather than an elative. Against this traditional idea, the most rational grammatic since Prisciano to Brocense argues that superlative, even the relative one, is superlative and not comparative and that the genitive that sometimes depends on it is not a second term of comparison, but a partitive. This idea is based on two arguments: first, the functions which doctrine ascribes to relative superlative -for example, to connect a term with another of the same category- can also be worded by a comparatife and, hence, superlative is not needed for this function and the compolement which depends on a comparative is not a second term of comparison but a partitive, so that the complement which depends on a relative superlative must be aso partitive and not comparative. Second, it is necessary to prove with some texts that tripartite system of comparison, in fact does not exist: that is to say that texts and facts demonstrate that comparative is comparative and superlative, even relative superlative, is superlative. We believe that true is, as always, in aurea mediocritas.
Rights: Aquest document està subjecte a una llicència d'ús Creative Commons. Es permet la reproducció total o parcial, la distribució, la comunicació pública de l'obra i la creació d'obres derivades, sempre que no sigui amb finalitats comercials, i sempre que es reconegui l'autoria de l'obra original. Creative Commons
Language: Castellà.
Document: article ; recerca ; publishedVersion
Subject: Superlatiu ; Comparatiu ; Positiu ; Partitiu ; Quantificador ; Classificadors ; Genitiu depenent ; Graus de l'adjetivo ; Substitució sintàctica ; Superlativo ; Comparativo ; Positivo ; Partitivo ; Cuantificador ; Clasificadores ; Genitivo dependiente ; Fugier ; Prisciano ; Brocense ; Grados del adjetivo ; Sustitución sintáctica
Published in: Faventia, V. 18 n. 2 (1996) p. 15-38, ISSN 0210-7570

Adreça alternativa: https://www.raco.cat/index.php/Faventia/article/view/51204


24 p, 1.1 MB

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Articles > Published articles > Faventia
Articles > Research articles

 Record created 2007-09-26, last modified 2018-07-14



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