Web of Science: 15 cites, Scopus: 20 cites, Google Scholar: cites,
Effect of Cattle on Salmonella Carriage, Diversity and Antimicrobial Resistance in Free-Ranging Wild Boar (Sus scrofa) in Northeastern Spain
Navarro-Gonzalez, N. (Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona. Servei d'Ecopatologia de Fauna Salvatge)
Mentaberre, Gregorio (Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona. Servei d'Ecopatologia de Fauna Salvatge)
Porrero, María Concepción (Universidad Complutense de Madrid. Centro de Vigilancia Sanitaria Veterinaria)
Serrano Ferron, Emmanuel (Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona. Servei d'Ecopatologia de Fauna Salvatge)
Mateos, Ana (Universidad Complutense de Madrid. Departamento de Sanidad Animal)
López-Martín, J.M. (Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona. Servei d'Ecopatologia de Fauna Salvatge)
Lavín González, Santiago (Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona. Servei d'Ecopatologia de Fauna Salvatge)
Domínguez Rodríguez, Lucas (Universidad Complutense de Madrid. Departamento de Sanidad Animal)

Data: 2012
Resum: Salmonella is distributed worldwide and is a pathogen of economic and public health importance. As a multi-host pathogen with a long environmental persistence, it is a suitable model for the study of wildlife-livestock interactions. In this work, we aim to explore the spill-over of Salmonella between free-ranging wild boar and livestock in a protected natural area in NE Spain and the presence of antimicrobial resistance. Salmonella prevalence, serotypes and diversity were compared between wild boars, sympatric cattle and wild boars from cattle-free areas. The effect of age, sex, cattle presence and cattle herd size on Salmonella probability of infection in wild boars was explored by means of Generalized Linear Models and a model selection based on the Akaike’s Information Criterion. Prevalence was higher in wild boars co-habiting with cattle (35. 67%, CI 95% 28. 19–43. 70) than in wild boar from cattle-free areas (17. 54%, CI 95% 8. 74–29. 91). Probability of a wild boar being a Salmonella carrier increased with cattle herd size but decreased with the host age. Serotypes Meleagridis, Anatum and Othmarschen were isolated concurrently from cattle and sympatric wild boars. Apart from serotypes shared with cattle, wild boars appear to have their own serotypes, which are also found in wild boars from cattle-free areas (Enteritidis, Mikawasima, 4:b:- and 35:r:z35). Serotype richness (diversity) was higher in wild boars co-habiting with cattle, but evenness was not altered by the introduction of serotypes from cattle. The finding of a S. Mbandaka strain resistant to sulfamethoxazole, streptomycin and chloramphenicol and a S. Enteritidis strain resistant to ciprofloxacin and nalidixic acid in wild boars is cause for public health concern.
Nota: Número d'acord de subvenció FAU2006-00011 FAU2008-00021
Drets: Aquest document està subjecte a una llicència d'ús Creative Commons. Es permet la reproducció total o parcial, la distribució, la comunicació pública de l'obra i la creació d'obres derivades, fins i tot amb finalitats comercials, sempre i quan es reconegui l'autoria de l'obra original. Creative Commons
Llengua: Anglès.
Document: article ; recerca ; publishedVersion
Matèria: Ossos (Animals) ; Salmonel·la
Publicat a: Plos One, Vol. 7 Núm. 12 (2012)

DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0051614
PMID: 23284725


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