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Upregulation of phytoplankton carbon concentrating mechanisms during low CO2 glacial periods and implications for the phytoplankton pCO2 proxy
Stoll, Heather (ETH Zürich)
Guitián, José (ETH Zürich)
Hernández Almeida, Iván (ETH Zürich)
Mejía, Luz María (ETH Zürich)
Phelps, Samuel (Lamont Doherty Earth Observatory)
Polissar, Pratigya (Lamont Doherty Earth Observatory)
Rosenthal, Yair (Rutgers University)
Zhang, Hongrui (ETH Zürich)
Ziveri, Patrizia (Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona. Institut de Ciència i Tecnologia Ambientals)

Data: 2019
Resum: Published alkenone εp records spanning known glacial pCO2 cycles show considerably less variability than predicted by the diffusive model for cellular carbon acquisition and isotope fractionation. We suggest this pattern is consistent with a systematic cellular enhancement of the carbon supply to photosynthesis via carbon concentrating mechanisms under the case of carbon limitation during low pCO2 glacial time periods, an effect also manifest under carbon limitation in experimental cultures of coccolithophores as well as diatoms. While the low-amplitude εp signal over glacial pCO2 cycles has led some to question the reliability of εp for reconstructing long-term pCO2, the [CO2]aq in the tropical oceans during glacial pCO2 minima represents the most extreme low CO2 conditions likely experienced by phytoplankton in the Cenozoic, and the strongest upregulation of carbon concentrating mechanisms. Using a statistical multilinear regression model, we quantitatively parse out the factors (namely light, growth rate, and [CO2]aq), that contribute to variation in εp in alkenone-producing algae, which confirms a much smaller dependence of εp on [CO2]aq in the low [CO2]aq range, than inferred from the hyperbolic form of the diffusive model. Application of the new statistical model to two published tropical εp records spanning the late Neogene produces much more dynamic pCO2 estimates than the conventional diffusive model and reveals a significant pCO2 decline over the last 15 Ma, which is broadly consistent with recent results from boron isotopes of foraminifera. The stable isotopic fractionation between coccolith calcite and seawater dissolved inorganic carbon (here Δcoccolith-DIC) also shows systematic variations over glacial-interglacial cycles which may, following future experimental constraints, help estimate the degree of upregulation of parts of the algal carbon concentrating mechanism over glacial cycles.
Nota: Unidad de excelencia María de Maeztu MdM-2015-0552
Drets: Aquest document està subjecte a una llicència d'ús Creative Commons. Es permet la reproducció total o parcial i la comunicació pública de l'obra, sempre que no sigui amb finalitats comercials, i sempre que es reconegui l'autoria de l'obra original. No es permet la creació d'obres derivades. Creative Commons
Llengua: Anglès.
Document: article ; recerca ; acceptedVersion
Publicat a: Quaternary Science Reviews, Vol. 208 (March 2019) , p. 1-20, ISSN 0277-3791

DOI: 10.1016/j.quascirev.2019.01.012

Disponible a partir de: 2021-03-31

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Documents de recerca > Documents dels grups de recerca de la UAB > Centres i grups de recerca (producció científica) > Ciències > Institut de Ciència i Tecnologia Ambientals (ICTA)
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 Registre creat el 2019-03-12, darrera modificació el 2019-04-04

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