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Nanoscale thermal imaging of dissipation in quantum systems
Halbertal, D. (Weizmann Institute of Science. Department of Condensed Matter Physics)
Cuppens, Jo (Institut Català de Nanociència i Nanotecnologia)
Ben Shalom, M. (University of Manchester)
Embon, L. (Columbia University. Department of Physics)
Shadmi, N. (Weizmann Institute of Science. Department of Materials and Interfaces)
Anahory, Y. (Weizmann Institute of Science. Department of Condensed Matter Physics)
Naren, H.R. (Weizmann Institute of Science. Department of Condensed Matter Physics)
Sarkar, J. (Weizmann Institute of Science. Department of Condensed Matter Physics)
Uri, A. (Weizmann Institute of Science. Department of Condensed Matter Physics)
Ronen, Y. (Weizmann Institute of Science. Department of Condensed Matter Physics)
Myasoedov, Y. (Weizmann Institute of Science. Department of Condensed Matter Physics)
Levitov, L.S. (Massachusetts Institute of Technology. Department of Physics)
Joselevich, Ernesto (Weizmann Institute of Science. Department of Materials and Interfaces)
Geim, A.K. (University of Manchester)
Zeldov, E. (Weizmann Institute of Science. Department of Condensed Matter Physics)

Date: 2016
Abstract: Energy dissipation is a fundamental process governing the dynamics of physical, chemical and biological systems. It is also one of the main characteristics that distinguish quantum from classical phenomena. In particular, in condensed matter physics, scattering mechanisms, loss of quantum information or breakdown of topological protection are deeply rooted in the intricate details of how and where the dissipation occurs. Yet the microscopic behaviour of a system is usually not formulated in terms of dissipation because energy dissipation is not a readily measurable quantity on the micrometre scale. Although nanoscale thermometry has gained much recent interest, existing thermal imaging methods are not sensitive enough for the study of quantum systems and are also unsuitable for the low-temperature operation that is required. Here we report a nano-thermometer based on a superconducting quantum interference device with a diameter of less than 50 nanometres that resides at the apex of a sharp pipette: it provides scanning cryogenic thermal sensing that is four orders of magnitude more sensitive than previous devices-below 1 μKH. This non-contact, non-invasive thermometry allows thermal imaging of very low intensity, nanoscale energy dissipation down to the fundamental Landauer limit of 40 femtowatts for continuous readout of a single qubit at one gigahertz at 4. 2 kelvin. These advances enable the observation of changes in dissipation due to single-electron charging of individual quantum dots in carbon nanotubes. They also reveal a dissipation mechanism attributable to resonant localized states in graphene encapsulated within hexagonal boron nitride, opening the door to direct thermal imaging of nanoscale dissipation processes in quantum matter.
Note: Número d'acord de subvenció EC/H2020/655416
Rights: Tots els drets reservats.
Language: Anglès.
Document: article ; recerca ; acceptedVersion
Subject: Electronic properties and devices ; Imaging techniques ; Superconducting devices
Published in: Nature, Vol. 539, Issue 7629 (November 2016) , p. 407-410, ISSN 1476-4687

DOI: 10.1038/nature19843


Postprint
40 p, 2.6 MB

The record appears in these collections:
Research literature > UAB research groups literature > Research Centres and Groups (scientific output) > Experimental sciences > Catalan Institute of Nanoscience and Nanotechnology (ICN2)
Articles > Research articles
Articles > Published articles

 Record created 2019-09-23, last modified 2019-11-01



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