Web of Science: 26 cites, Scopus: 26 cites, Google Scholar: cites,
Single and double strand sperm DNA damage : Different reproductive effects on male fertility
Ribas-Maynou, Jordi (Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona. Departament de Biologia Cel·lular, de Fisiologia i d'Immunologia)
Benet, Jordi (Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona. Departament de Biologia Cel·lular, de Fisiologia i d'Immunologia)

Data: 2019
Resum: Reproductive diseases have become a growing worldwide problem and male factor plays an important role in the reproductive diagnosis, prognosis and design of assisted reproductive treatments. Sperm cell holds the mission of carrying the paternal genetic complement to the oocyte in order to contribute to an euploid zygote with proper DNA integrity. Sperm DNA fragmentation had been used for decades as a male fertility test, however, its usefulness have arisen multiple debates, especially around Intracytoplasmic Sperm Injection (ICSI) treatments. In the recent years, it has been described that different types of sperm DNA breaks (single and double strand DNA breaks) cause different clinical reproductive effects. On one hand, single-strand DNA breaks are present extensively as a multiple break points in all regions of the genome, are related to oxidative stress and cause a lack of clinical pregnancy or an increase of the conception time. On the other hand, double-strand DNA breaks are mainly localized and attached to the sperm nuclear matrix as a very few break points, are possibly related to a lack of DNA repair in meiosis and cause a higher risk of miscarriage, low embryo quality and higher risk of implantation failure in ICSI cycles. The present work also reviews different studies that may contribute in the understanding of sperm chromatin as well as treatments to prevent sperm DNA damage.
Ajuts: Agència de Gestió d'Ajuts Universitaris i de Recerca 2017SGR1796
Instituto de Salud Carlos III PI14/Q100119
Drets: Aquest document està subjecte a una llicència d'ús Creative Commons. Es permet la reproducció total o parcial, la distribució, la comunicació pública de l'obra i la creació d'obres derivades, fins i tot amb finalitats comercials, sempre i quan es reconegui l'autoria de l'obra original. Creative Commons
Llengua: Anglès
Document: Article ; article de revisió ; Versió publicada
Matèria: Sperm DNA damage ; DNA fragmentation; ; Infertility; ; Assisted reproduction; ; Miscarriage; ; Implantation
Publicat a: Genes, Vol. 10 Núm. 2 (february 2019) , p. 105, ISSN 2073-4425

DOI: 10.3390/genes10020105
PMID: 30708937

13 p, 2.3 MB

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