Web of Science: 15 cites, Scopus: 16 cites, Google Scholar: cites,
Flexoelectricity in bones
Vasquez-Sancho, Fabián (Institut Català de Nanociència i Nanotecnologia)
Abdollahi, Amir (Universitat Politècnica de Catalunya. Laboratori de Càlcul Numèric)
Damjanovic, Dragan (Ecole Politechnique Federale de Lausanne)
Catalan, Gustau (Institut Català de Nanociència i Nanotecnologia)

Data: 2018
Resum: Bones generate electricity under pressure, and this electromechanical behavior is thought to be essential for bone's self-repair and remodeling properties. The origin of this response is attributed to the piezoelectricity of collagen, which is the main structural protein of bones. In theory, however, any material can also generate voltages in response to strain gradients, thanks to the property known as flexoelectricity. In this work, the flexoelectricity of bone and pure bone mineral (hydroxyapatite) are measured and found to be of the same order of magnitude; the quantitative similarity suggests that hydroxyapatite flexoelectricity is the main source of bending-induced polarization in cortical bone. In addition, the measured flexoelectric coefficients are used to calculate the (flexo)electric fields generated by cracks in bone mineral. The results indicate that crack-generated flexoelectricity is theoretically large enough to induce osteocyte apoptosis and thus initiate the crack-healing process, suggesting a central role of flexoelectricity in bone repair and remodeling.
Nota: Número d'acord de subvenció EC/FP7/308023
Nota: Número d'acord de subvenció MINECO/SEV-2013-0295
Drets: Tots els drets reservats.
Llengua: Anglès.
Document: article ; recerca ; acceptedVersion
Matèria: Bone remodeling ; Cracks ; Flexoelectricity ; Hydroxyapatite
Publicat a: Advanced materials, Vol. 30, issue 9 (March 2018) , art. 1705316, ISSN 1521-4095

DOI: 10.1002/adma.201705316


Postprint
14 p, 1.0 MB

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Documents de recerca > Documents dels grups de recerca de la UAB > Centres i grups de recerca (producció científica) > Ciències > Institut Català de Nanociència i Nanotecnologia (ICN2)
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 Registre creat el 2019-11-19, darrera modificació el 2019-12-23



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