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How does cultural change affect indigenous peoples' hunting activity? : an empirical study among the Tsimane' in the Bolivian Amazon
Luz, Ana Catarina (Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona. Institut de Ciència i Tecnologia Ambientals)
Guèze, Maximilien (Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona. Institut de Ciència i Tecnologia Ambientals)
Paneque-Gálvez, Jaime (Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México)
Pino i Vilalta, Joan (Centre de Recerca Ecològica i Aplicacions Forestals)
Macía, Manuel (Universidad Autónoma de Madrid. Departamento de Biología)
Orta Martínez, Martí (Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona. Institut de Ciència i Tecnologia Ambientals)
Reyes-García, Victòria (Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona. Institut de Ciència i Tecnologia Ambientals)

Fecha: 2015
Resumen: Wildlife hunting is an important economic activity that contributes to the subsistence of indigenous peoples and the maintenance of their cultural identity. Changes in indigenous peoples' ways of life affect the way they manage the ecosystems and resources around them, including wildlife populations. This paper explores the relationship between cultural change, or detachment from traditional culture, and hunting behaviour among the Tsimane', an indigenous group in the Bolivian Amazon. We interviewed 344 hunters in 39 villages to estimate their hunting activity and the degree of cultural change among them. We used multilevel analyses to assess the relationships between three different proxies for cultural change at the individual level (schooling, visits to a market town, and detachment from tradition), and the following two independent variables: 1) probability of engaging in hunting (i. e. , hunting activity) and 2) hunting efficiency with catch per unit effort (CPUE). We found a statistically significant negative association between schooling and hunting activity. Hunting efficiency (CPUE biomass/km) was positively associated with visits to a market town, when holding other co-variates in the model constant. Other than biophysical factors, such as game abundance, hunting is also conditioned by social factors (e. g. , schooling) that shape the hunters' cultural system and impel them to engage in hunting or deter them from doing so.
Nota: Altres ajuts: we thank the Gran Consejo Tsimane' and the Tsimane' villages for their consent and support, the Tsimane' Amazonian Panel Study (http://www.taps.org) for logistics and fieldwork assistance, and I. Ruiz-Mallen and C. Morsello for comments on the preliminary version of this paper. The research was funded by the BBVA Foundation (BIOCON_06_106-07). A.C. Luz was financed with a PhD grant (SFRH/BD/41039/2007) from the Foundation for Science and Technology of Portugal (FCT)
Derechos: Aquest document està subjecte a una llicència d'ús Creative Commons. Es permet la reproducció total o parcial, la distribució, la comunicació pública de l'obra i la creació d'obres derivades, fins i tot amb finalitats comercials, sempre i quan es reconegui l'autoria de l'obra original. Creative Commons
Lengua: Anglès.
Documento: article ; recerca ; publishedVersion
Materia: Bushmeat ; Game harvest ; Livelihood ; Schooling ; Tropical rainforest ; Wildlife ; Bolivia
Publicado en: Conservation and Society, Vol. 13, Núm. 4 (2015) , p. 382-394, ISSN 0975-3133

DOI: 10.4103/0972-4923.179879


13 p, 881.7 KB

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