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Prunus genetics and applications after de novo genome sequencing : achievements and prospects
Aranzana, Maria José (Centre de Recerca en Agrigenòmica)
Decroocq, Véronique (Institut National de la Recherche Agronomique (França))
Dirlewanger, Elisabeth (Institut National de la Recherche Agronomique (França))
Eduardo, Iban (Centre de Recerca en Agrigenòmica)
Gao, Zhong Shan (Zhejiang University. Allergy Research Center)
Gasic, Ksenija (Clemson University)
Iezzoni, Amy (Michigan State University. Department of Horticulture)
Jung, Sook (Michigan State University. Department of Horticulture)
Peace, Cameron (Washington State University. Department of Horticulture)
Prieto, Humberto (Instituto de Investigaciones Agropecuarias. Centro Regional de Investigación La Platina (Chile))
Tao, Ryutaro (Kyoto University. Laboratory of Pomology)
Verde, Ignazio (Centro di ricerca Olivicoltura. Frutticoltura e Agrumicoltura. Consiglio per la ricerca in agricoltura e l'analisi dell'economia agraria)
Abbott, Albert G. (University of Kentucky)
Arús i Gorina, Pere (Centre de Recerca en Agrigenòmica)

Date: 2019
Abstract: Prior to the availability of whole-genome sequences, our understanding of the structural and functional aspects of Prunus tree genomes was limited mostly to molecular genetic mapping of important traits and development of EST resources. With public release of the peach genome and others that followed, significant advances in our knowledge of Prunus genomes and the genetic underpinnings of important traits ensued. In this review, we highlight key achievements in Prunus genetics and breeding driven by the availability of these whole-genome sequences. Within the structural and evolutionary contexts, we summarize: (1) the current status of Prunus whole-genome sequences; (2) preliminary and ongoing work on the sequence structure and diversity of the genomes; (3) the analyses of Prunus genome evolution driven by natural and man-made selection; and (4) provide insight into haploblocking genomes as a means to define genome-scale patterns of evolution that can be leveraged for trait selection in pedigree-based Prunus tree breeding programs worldwide. Functionally, we summarize recent and ongoing work that leverages whole-genome sequences to identify and characterize genes controlling 22 agronomically important Prunus traits. These include phenology, fruit quality, allergens, disease resistance, tree architecture, and self-incompatibility. Translationally, we explore the application of sequence-based marker-assisted breeding technologies and other sequence-guided biotechnological approaches for Prunus crop improvement. Finally, we present the current status of publically available Prunus genomics and genetics data housed mainly in the Genome Database for Rosaceae (GDR) and its updated functionalities for future bioinformatics-based Prunus genetics and genomics inquiry.
Grants: Ministerio de Economía y Competitividad AGL2015-68329-R
Ministerio de Economía y Competitividad RTA2015-00050-00-00
Ministerio de Economía y Competitividad SEV-2015-0533
Rights: Aquest document està subjecte a una llicència d'ús Creative Commons. Es permet la reproducció total o parcial, la distribució, la comunicació pública de l'obra i la creació d'obres derivades, fins i tot amb finalitats comercials, sempre i quan es reconegui l'autoria de l'obra original. Creative Commons
Language: Anglès
Document: Article ; recerca ; Versió publicada
Published in: Horticulture research, Vol. 6 (April 2019) , art. 58, ISSN 2052-7276

DOI: 10.1038/s41438-019-0140-8
PMID: 30962943

25 p, 981.4 KB

The record appears in these collections:
Research literature > UAB research groups literature > Research Centres and Groups (research output) > Experimental sciences > CRAG (Centre for Research in Agricultural Genomics)
Articles > Research articles
Articles > Published articles

 Record created 2020-02-06, last modified 2022-05-19

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