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Traumatic events in dual disorders : prevalence and clinical characteristics
Blanco Presas, Laura (Benito Menni Complex Assistencial en Salut Mental)
Sió, Albert (Benito Menni Complex Assistencial en Salut Mental)
Hogg, Bridget (Parc de Salut Mar (Barcelona, Catalunya))
Esteve, Ricard (Parc de Salut Mar. Institut de Neuropsiquiatria i Addiccions)
Radua, Joaquim (Institut d'Investigacions Biomèdiques August Pi i Sunyer)
Solanes, Aleix (Institut d'Investigacions Biomèdiques August Pi i Sunyer)
Gardoki-Souto, Itxaso (Parc de Salut Mar (Barcelona, Catalunya))
Sauras, Rosa (Parc de Salut Mar. Institut de Neuropsiquiatria i Addiccions)
Farré, Adriana (Parc de Salut Mar. Institut de Neuropsiquiatria i Addiccions)
Castillo, Claudio (Parc de Salut Mar. Institut de Neuropsiquiatria i Addiccions)
Valiente-Gómez, Alicia (Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona. Departament de Psiquiatria i de Medicina Legal)
Pérez, Víctor (Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona. Departament de Psiquiatria i de Medicina Legal)
Torrens, Marta (Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona. Departament de Psiquiatria i de Medicina Legal)
Amann, Benedikt L. (Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona. Departament de Psiquiatria i de Medicina Legal)
Moreno-Alcázar, Ana (Parc de Salut Mar (Barcelona, Catalunya))

Data: 2020
Resum: Psychological trauma has been identified in substance use disorders (SUD) as a major etiological risk factor. However, detailed and systematic data about the prevalence and types of psychological trauma in dual disorders have been scarce to date. In this study, 150 inpatients were recruited and cross-sectionally screened on their substance use severity, psychological trauma symptoms, comorbidities, and clinical severity. One hundred patients fulfilled criteria for a dual disorder, while 50 patients were diagnosed with only SUD. Ninety-four percent of the whole sample suffered from at least one lifetime traumatic event. The prevalence rates of Posttraumatic Stress Disorder diagnosis for dual disorder and only SUD was around 20% in both groups; however, patients with dual disorder presented more adverse events, more childhood trauma, more dissociative symptoms, and a more severe clinical profile than patients with only SUD. Childhood maltreatment can also serve as a predictor for developing a dual disorder diagnosis and as a risk factor for developing a more complex and severe clinical profile. These data challenge our current clinical practice in the treatment of patients suffering from dual disorder or only SUD diagnosis and favor the incorporation of an additional trauma-focused therapy in this population. This may improve the prognosis and the course of the illness in these patients.
Nota: Número d'acord de subvenció AGAUR/SLT006-17-00038
Drets: Aquest document està subjecte a una llicència d'ús Creative Commons. Es permet la reproducció total o parcial, la distribució, la comunicació pública de l'obra i la creació d'obres derivades, fins i tot amb finalitats comercials, sempre i quan es reconegui l'autoria de l'obra original. Creative Commons
Llengua: Anglès
Document: article ; recerca ; publishedVersion
Matèria: Psychological trauma ; Posttraumatic stress disorder ; Substance use disorders ; Dual diagnosis ; Prevalence
Publicat a: Journal of clinical medicine, Vol. 9 Núm. 8 (2020) , p. 2553, ISSN 2077-0383

DOI: 10.3390/jcm9082553
PMID: 32781718


14 p, 315.9 KB

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