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Sarcoptic mange in wild ruminants in Spain : solving the epidemiological enigma using microsatellite markers
Moroni, Barbara (University of Turin. Department of Veterinary Science)
Angelone, Samer (University of Zurich. Department of Evolutionary Biology and Environmental Studies)
Pérez Jiménez, Jesús María (Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona. Servei d'Ecopatologia de Fauna Salvatge)
Molinar Min, Anna Rita (University of Turin. Department of Veterinary Science)
Pasquetti, Mario (University of Turin. Department of Veterinary Science)
Tizzani, Paolo (University of Turin. Department of Veterinary Science)
López Olvera, Jorge R. (Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona. Servei d'Ecopatologia de Fauna Salvatge)
Valldeperes, Marta (Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona. Servei d'Ecopatologia de Fauna Salvatge)
Granados, José Enrique (Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona. Servei d'Ecopatologia de Fauna Salvatge)
Lavín González, Santiago (Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona. Servei d'Ecopatologia de Fauna Salvatge)
Mentaberre García, Gregorio (Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona. Servei d'Ecopatologia de Fauna Salvatge)
Camacho-Sillero, Leonor (Junta de Andalucía. Programa Vigilancia Epidemiológica Fauna Silvestre, Consejería Agricultura, Ganadería, Pesca y Desarrollo Sostenible)
Martínez-Carrasco, Carlos (Universidad de Murcia. Departamento de Sanidad Animal)
Oleaga, Alvaro (S.E.R.P.A. Sociedad de Servicios del Principado de Asturias)
Candela, Mónica (Universidad de Murcia. Departamento de Sanidad Animal)
Meneguz, Pier Giuseppe (University of Turin. Department of Veterinary Science)
Rossi, Luca (University of Turin. Department of Veterinary Science)

Data: 2021
Resum: In Spain, sarcoptic mange was first described in native wildlife in 1987 in Cazorla Natural Park, causing the death of nearly 95% of the local native population of Iberian ibex (Capra pyrenaica). Since then, additional outbreaks have been identified in several populations of ibex and other wild ungulate species throughout the country. Although the first epizootic outbreak in wildlife was attributed to the introduction of an infected herd of domestic goats, the origin and the cause of its persistence remain unclear. The main aims of this study are to understand (i) the number of Sarcoptes scabiei " strains" circulating in wild ruminant populations in Spain, and (ii) the molecular epidemiological relationships between S. scabiei and its hosts. Ten Sarcoptes microsatellite markers were used to characterize the genetic structure of 266 mites obtained from skin scrapings of 121 mangy wild ruminants between 2011 and 2019 from 11 areas in Spain. Seventy-three different alleles and 37 private alleles were detected. The results of this study show the existence of three genetic strains of S. scabiei in the wild ruminant populations investigated. While two genetic clusters of S. scabiei were host- and geography-related, one cluster included multi-host mites deriving from geographically distant populations. The molecular epidemiological study of S. scabiei in wild ruminants in Spain indicates that the spreading and persistence of the parasite may be conditioned by host species community composition and the permissiveness of each host population/community to the circulation of individual "strains," among other factors. Wildlife-livestock interactions and the role of human-driven introduction or trade of wild and domestic animals should be better investigated to prevent further spread of sarcoptic mange in as yet unaffected natural areas of the Iberian Peninsula. The online version contains supplementary material available at 10. 1186/s13071-021-04673-x.
Nota: Número d'acord de subvenció MINECO/CGL2012-40043-C02-01
Nota: Número d'acord de subvenció MINECO/CGL2012-40043-C02-02
Nota: Número d'acord de subvenció MINECO/CGL2016-80543-P
Nota: Número d'acord de subvenció PAIDI/JA/RNM.118
Drets: Aquest document està subjecte a una llicència d'ús Creative Commons. Es permet la reproducció total o parcial, la distribució, la comunicació pública de l'obra i la creació d'obres derivades, fins i tot amb finalitats comercials, sempre i quan es reconegui l'autoria de l'obra original. Creative Commons
Llengua: Anglès
Document: article ; recerca ; Versió publicada
Matèria: Sarna ; Remugants ; Sarcoptes scabiei ; Ruminant populations ; Spain ; Wildlife ; Molecular markers ; Molecular epidemiology ; Host specificity ; Genetic structure
Publicat a: Parasites & vectors, Vol. 14 (march 2021) , ISSN 1756-3305

DOI: 10.1186/s13071-021-04673-x
PMID: 33743796


10 p, 2.2 MB

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Documents de recerca > Documents dels grups de recerca de la UAB > Centres i grups de recerca (producció científica) > Ciències de la salut i biociències > Grup de recerca Wildlife Ecology & Health
Articles > Articles de recerca
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 Registre creat el 2021-03-29, darrera modificació el 2021-05-29



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