Web of Science: 23 citations, Scopus: 18 citations, Google Scholar: citations
The metallogenic evolution of the Greater Antilles
Nelson, C.E. (Consulting Geologist)
Proenza, J.A. (Universitat de Barcelona. Departament de Cristal.lografia, Mineralogia i Dipòsits Minerals)
Lewis, J.F. (The George Washington University. Department of Earth and Environmental Sciences)
López-Kramer, J. (Instituto de Geofísica y Astronomía AMA-CITMA. Departamento de Geología Ambiental, Geofísica y Riesgos)

Date: 2011
Abstract: The Greater Antilles host some of the world's most important deposits of bauxite and lateritic nickel as well as significant resources of gold and silver, copper, zinc, manganese, cobalt and chromium. Beginning in Jurassic time, sedimentary exhalative base metal deposits accumulated in marine sedimentary rift basins as North and South America drifted apart. With the onset of intraoceanic subduction during the Early Cretaceous, a primitive (tholeiitic) island arc formed above a southwesterly-dipping subduction zone. Podiform chromite deposits formed in the mantle portion of the supra-subduction zone, directly above subducted Proto-Caribbean oceanic lithosphere. Within the nascent island arc, bimodal-mafic volcanogenic massive sulfide deposits formed in a fore-arc setting; mafic volcanogenic massive sulfide deposits formed later in mature back-arc basins. The Pueblo Viejo gold district, with five million ounces in production and twenty million ounces in mineable reserves, formed at 108-112Ma, in an apical rift or back-arc setting. By Late Cretaceous time, calc-alkaline volcanism was well established along the entire length of the Greater Antilles. Volcanogenic massive sulfide deposits including shallow submarine deposits characteristic of the primitive island arc gave way to porphyry copper and epithermal precious metal deposits typical of the mature island arc. Oblique collision of the Greater Antilles with North America began in the Late Cretaceous in Cuba and migrated eastward. Orogenic gold and tungsten deposits that formed during the collision event are preserved in ophiolites and in metamorphic core complexes. Since the Eocene, regional tectonism has been dominated by strike-slip motion as the North American continent moved westward relative to the Caribbean Plate. Large nickel-cobalt laterite deposits were formed when serpentinites were exposed to weathering and erosion during the mid-Tertiary. Bauxite deposits were derived from the weathering of volcanic ash within a carbonate platform of Eocene to Miocene age.
Rights: Aquest document està subjecte a una llicència d'ús Creative Commons. Es permet la reproducció total o parcial, la distribució, la comunicació pública de l'obra i la creació d'obres derivades, fins i tot amb finalitats comercials, sempre i quan aquestes es distribueixin sota la mateixa llicència que regula l'obra original i es reconegui l'autoria de l'obra original. Creative Commons
Language: Anglès.
Document: article ; recerca ; publishedVersion
Subject: Caribbean ; Metallogeny ; Mineral deposit ; Tectonic evolution
Published in: Geologica acta, Vol. 9, Núm. 3-4 (setembre-desembre 2011) , p. 229-264, ISSN 1696-5728

Adreça alternativa: https://www.raco.cat/index.php/GeologicaActa/article/view/247920
DOI: 10.1344/105.000001741


36 p, 1.3 MB

The record appears in these collections:
Articles > Published articles > Geologica acta
Articles > Research articles

 Record created 2012-04-11, last modified 2019-07-20



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