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Differential modulation of TREM2 protein during postnatal brain development in mice
Chertoff, Mariela (Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona. Institut de Neurociències)
Shrivastava, Kalpana (Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona. Institut de Neurociències)
González, Berta (Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona. Institut de Neurociències)
Acarín Pérez, Laia (Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona. Institut de Neurociències)
Giménez Llort, Lydia (Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona. Institut de Neurociències)

Data: 2013
Resum: During postnatal development, microglia, the resident innate immune cells of the central nervous system are constantly monitoring the brain parenchyma, cleaning the cell debris, the synaptic contacts overproduced and also maintaining the brain homeostasis. In this context, the postnatal microglia need some control over the innate immune response. One such molecule recently described to be involved in modulation of immune response is TREM2 (triggering receptor expressed on myeloid cells 2). Although some studies have observed TREM2 mRNA in postnatal brain, the regional pattern of the TREM2 protein has not been described. We therefore characterized the distribution of TREM2 protein in mice brain from Postnatal day (P) 1 to 14 by immunostaining. In our study, TREM2 protein was expressed only in microglia/macrophages and is developmentally downregulated in a region-dependent manner. Its expression persisted in white matter, mainly in caudal corpus callosum, and the neurogenic subventricular zone for a longer time than in grey matter. Additionally, the phenotypes of the TREM2+ microglia also differ; expressing CD16/32, MHCII and CD86 (antigen presentation markers) and CD68 (phagocytic marker) in different regions as well as with different intensity till P7. The mannose receptor (CD206) colocalized with TREM2 only at P1–P3 in the subventricular zone and cingulum, while others persisted at low intensities till P7. Furthermore, the spatiotemporal expression pattern and characterization of TREM2 indicate towards its other plausible roles in phagocytosis, progenitor’s fate determination or microglia phenotype modulation during postnatal development. Hence, the increase of TREM2 observed in pathologies may recapitulate their function during postnatal development, as a better understanding of this period may open new pathway for future therapies.
Drets: Aquest document està subjecte a una llicència d'ús Creative Commons. Es permet la reproducció total o parcial, la distribució, i la comunicació pública de l'obra i la creació d'obres derivades, fins i tot amb finalitats comercials, sempre i quan es reconegui l'autoria de l'obra original. Creative Commons
Llengua: Anglès
Document: article ; recerca ; publishedVersion
Matèria: Microglia ; TREM2 ; Triggering receptor expressed on myeloid cells 2
Publicat a: PLoS One, Vol. 8 Issue 8 (August 2013) , p. 1-14, ISSN 1932-6203

DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0072083

14 p, 18.8 MB

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Documents de recerca > Documents dels grups de recerca de la UAB > Centres i grups de recerca (producció científica) > Ciències de la salut i biociències > Institut de Neurociències (INc)
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 Registre creat el 2014-10-01, darrera modificació el 2016-10-03

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