Per citar aquest document: http://ddd.uab.cat/record/132769
Tracking climate variability in the western Mediterranean during the Late Holocene : a multiproxy approach
Nieto Moreno, V. (Instituto Andaluz de Ciencias de la Tierra)
Martínez Ruiz, F. (Instituto Andaluz de Ciencias de la Tierra)
Giralt, S. (Institut de Ciències de la Terra Jaume Almera)
Jiménez Espejo, F. (Instituto Andaluz de Ciencias de la Tierra)
Gallego Torres, D. (Universidad de Granada. Departamento de Mineralogía y Petrología)
Rodrigo Gámiz, M. (Instituto Andaluz de Ciencias de la Tierra)
García i Orellana, Jordi (Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona. Institut de Ciència i Tecnologia Ambientals)
Ortega Huertas, M. (Universidad de Granada. Departamento de Mineralogía y Petrología)
De Lange, G. J. (Utrecht University. Marine Geochemistry and Chemical Oceanography)

Data: 2011
Resum: Climate variability in the western Mediterranean is reconstructed for the last 4000 yr using marine sediments recovered in the west Algerian-Balearic Basin, near the Alboran Basin. Fluctuations in chemical and mineralogical sediment composition as well as grain size distribution are linked to fluvial-eolian oscillations, changes in redox conditions and paleocurrent intensity. Multivariate analyses allowed us to characterize three main groups of geochemical and mineralogical proxies determining the sedimentary record of this region. These three statistical groups were applied to reconstruct paleoclimate conditions at high resolution during the Late Holocene. An increase in riverine input (fluvial-derived elements – Rb/Al, Ba/Al, REE/Al, Si/Al, Ti/Al, Mg/Al and K/Al ratios), and a decrease in Saharan eolian input (Zr/Al ratio) depict the Roman Humid Period and the Little Ice Age, while drier environmental conditions are recognized during the Late Bronze Age-Iron Age, the Dark Ages and the Medieval Climate Anomaly. Additionally, faster bottom currents and more energetic hydrodynamic conditions for the former periods are evidenced by enhanced sortable silt (10-63 μm) and quartz content, and by better oxygenated bottom waters – as reflected by decreasing redox-sensitive elements (V/Al, Cr/Al, Ni/Al and Zn/Al ratios). In contrast, opposite paleoceanographic conditions are distinguished during the latter periods, i. e. the Late Bronze Age-Iron Age, the Dark Ages and the Medieval Climate Anomaly. Although no Ba excess was registered, other paleoproductivity indicators (total organic carbon content, Br/Al ratio, and organometallic ligands such as U and Cu) display the highest values during the Roman Humid Period, and together with increasing preservation of organic matter, this period exhibits by far the most intense productivity of the last 4000 yr. Fluctuations in detrital input into the basin as the main process managing deposition, reflected by the first eigenvector defined by the Principal Component Analyses, point to solar irradiance and the North Atlantic Oscillation variability as the main driving mechanisms behind natural climate variability over decadal to centennial time-scales for the last 4000 yr.
Nota: Número d'acord de subvenció MEC/CSD2006-00041
Nota: Número d'acord de subvenció MICINN/CGL2009-07603
Nota: Número d'acord de subvenció MICINN/CTM2009-07715
Nota: Número d'acord de subvenció MINECO/CSD2007-00067
Drets: Aquest document està subjecte a una llicència d'ús Creative Commons. Es permet la reproducció total o parcial, la distribució, la comunicació pública de l'obra i la creació d'obres derivades, fins i tot amb finalitats comercials, sempre i quan es reconegui l'autoria de l'obra original. Creative Commons
Llengua: Anglès
Document: article ; recerca ; publishedVersion
Publicat a: Climate of the Past, Vol. 7 No. 4 (Dec. 2011) , p. 1395-1414, ISSN 1814-9324

DOI: 10.5194/cp-7-1395-2011


21 p, 3.0 MB

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Documents de recerca > Documents dels grups de recerca de la UAB > Centres i grups de recerca (producció científica) > Ciències > Institut de Ciència i Tecnologia Ambientals (ICTA)
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 Registre creat el 2015-06-17, darrera modificació el 2016-07-15



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