Per citar aquest document: http://ddd.uab.cat/record/141319
Prostaglandin E2 Prevents Hyperosmolar-Induced Human Mast Cell Activation through Prostanoid Receptors EP2 and EP4
Torres Atencio, Ivonne Marisol (Universidad de Panamá. Facultad de Medicina)
Ainsua-Enrich, Erola (Institut d’Investigacions Biomèdiques August Pi i Sunyer)
Mora Pérez, Fernando de (Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona. Departament de Farmacologia, Terapèutica i Toxicologia)
Picado Valles, César (Institut d’Investigacions Biomèdiques August Pi i Sunyer)
Martín Castillo, Margarita (Institut d’Investigacions Biomèdiques August Pi i Sunyer)

Data: 2014
Resum: Background: Mast cells play a critical role in allergic and inflammatory diseases, including exercise-induced bronchoconstriction (EIB) in asthma. The mechanism underlying EIB is probably related to increased airway fluid osmolarity that activates mast cells to the release inflammatory mediators. These mediators then act on bronchial smooth muscle to cause bronchoconstriction. In parallel, protective substances such as prostaglandin E2 (PGE2) are probably also released and could explain the refractory period observed in patients with EIB. Objective: This study aimed to evaluate the protective effect of PGE2 on osmotically activated mast cells, as a model of exercise-induced bronchoconstriction. Methods: We used LAD2, HMC-1, CD34-positive, and human lung mast cell lines. Cells underwent a mannitol challenge, and the effects of PGE2 and prostanoid receptor (EP) antagonists for EP1–4 were assayed on the activated mast cells. Beta-hexosaminidase release, protein phosphorylation, and calcium mobilization were assessed. Results: Mannitol both induced mast cell degranulation and activated phosphatidyl inositide 3-kinase and mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) pathways, thereby causing de novo eicosanoid and cytokine synthesis. The addition of PGE2 significantly reduced mannitol-induced degranulation through EP2 and EP4 receptors, as measured by beta-hexosaminidase release, and consequently calcium influx. Extracellular-signal-regulated kinase 1/2, c-Jun N-terminal kinase, and p38 phosphorylation were diminished when compared with mannitol activation alone. Conclusions:Our data show a protective role for the PGE2 receptors EP2 and EP4 following osmotic changes, through the reduction of human mast cell activity caused by calcium influx impairment and MAP kinase inhibition.
Drets: Aquest document està subjecte a una llicència d'ús Creative Commons. Es permet la reproducció total o parcial, la distribució, la comunicació pública de l'obra i la creació d'obres derivades, fins i tot amb finalitats comercials, sempre i quan es reconegui l'autoria de l'obra original. Creative Commons
Llengua: Anglès.
Document: article ; recerca ; publishedVersion
Matèria: Asthma ; Inflammatory diseases ; MAPK signaling cascades ; Mannitol ; Mast cells ; Phosphorylation ; Polymerase chain reaction ; Prostaglandin
Publicat a: PLoS one, Vol. 9, Issue 10 (October 2014) , p.e110870, ISSN 1932-6203

DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0110870


9 p, 1.4 MB

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