Per citar aquest document: http://ddd.uab.cat/record/142703
Validation and Genotyping of Multiple Human Polymorphic Inversions Mediated by Inverted Repeats Reveals a High Degree of Recurrence
Aguado, Cristina (Instituto de Biotecnología y Biomedicina "Vicent Villar Palasi")
Gayà Vidal, Magdalena (Instituto de Biotecnología y Biomedicina "Vicent Villar Palasi")
Villatoro, Sergi (Instituto de Biotecnología y Biomedicina "Vicent Villar Palasi")
Oliva, Meritxell (Instituto de Biotecnología y Biomedicina "Vicent Villar Palasi")
Izquierdo, David (Instituto de Biotecnología y Biomedicina "Vicent Villar Palasi")
Giner Delgado, Carla (Instituto de Biotecnología y Biomedicina "Vicent Villar Palasi")
Montalvo, Víctor (Instituto de Biotecnología y Biomedicina "Vicent Villar Palasi")
García González, Judit (Instituto de Biotecnología y Biomedicina "Vicent Villar Palasi")
Martínez Fundichely, Alexander (Instituto de Biotecnología y Biomedicina "Vicent Villar Palasi")
Capilla, Laia (Instituto de Biotecnología y Biomedicina "Vicent Villar Palasi")
Ruiz Herrera, Aurora (Instituto de Biotecnología y Biomedicina "Vicent Villar Palasi")
Estivill, Xavier (Centre for Genomic Regulation (Barcelona, Catalunya))
Puig, Marta (Instituto de Biotecnología y Biomedicina "Vicent Villar Palasi")
Cáceres Aguilar, Mario (Instituto de Biotecnología y Biomedicina "Vicent Villar Palasi")

Data: 2014
Resum: In recent years different types of structural variants (SVs) have been discovered in the human genome and their functional impact has become increasingly clear. Inversions, however, are poorly characterized and more difficult to study, especially those mediated by inverted repeats or segmental duplications. Here, we describe the results of a simple and fast inverse PCR (iPCR) protocol for high-throughput genotyping of a wide variety of inversions using a small amount of DNA. In particular, we analyzed 22 inversions predicted in humans ranging from 5. 1 kb to 226 kb and mediated by inverted repeat sequences of 1. 6–24 kb. First, we validated 17 of the 22 inversions in a panel of nine HapMap individuals from different populations, and we genotyped them in 68 additional individuals of European origin, with correct genetic transmission in ∼12 mother-father-child trios. Global inversion minor allele frequency varied between 1% and 49% and inversion genotypes were consistent with Hardy-Weinberg equilibrium. By analyzing the nucleotide variation and the haplotypes in these regions, we found that only four inversions have linked tag-SNPs and that in many cases there are multiple shared SNPs between standard and inverted chromosomes, suggesting an unexpected high degree of inversion recurrence during human evolution. iPCR was also used to check 16 of these inversions in four chimpanzees and two gorillas, and 10 showed both orientations either within or between species, providing additional support for their multiple origin. Finally, we have identified several inversions that include genes in the inverted or breakpoint regions, and at least one disrupts a potential coding gene. Thus, these results represent a significant advance in our understanding of inversion polymorphism in human populations and challenge the common view of a single origin of inversions, with important implications for inversion analysis in SNP-based studies.
Nota: Número d'acord de subvenció EC/FP7/243212
Drets: Aquest document està subjecte a una llicència d'ús Creative Commons. Es permet la reproducció total o parcial, la distribució, la comunicació pública de l'obra i la creació d'obres derivades, fins i tot amb finalitats comercials, sempre i quan es reconegui l'autoria de l'obra original. Creative Commons
Llengua: Anglès
Document: article ; recerca ; publishedVersion
Matèria: Haplotypes ; Chimpanzees ; Inversions ; Mammalian genomics ; Genotyping ; Human genomics ; Polymerase chain reaction ; Variant genotypes
Publicat a: PLoS Genetics, Vol. 10, Issue 3 (March 2014) , p. e1004151, ISSN 1553-7390

DOI: 10.1371/journal.pgen.1004208


16 p, 742.2 KB

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