Per citar aquest document: http://ddd.uab.cat/record/81118
Climatic signals in growth and its relation to ENSO events of two Prosopis species following a latitudinal gradient in South America
Claramunt Lopez, Bernat (Centre de Recerca Ecològica i Aplicacions Forestals)
Rodríguez, Rodolfo (Centre de Recerca Ecològica i Aplicacions Forestals)
Gracía, Carlos A. (Universitat de Barcelona. Faculty of biology)
Sabaté i Jorba, Santi (Universitat de Barcelona. Faculty of biology)

Data: 2006
Resum: Semiarid environments throughout the world have lost a major part of their woody vegetation and biodiversity due to the effects of wood cutting, cattle grazing and subsistence agriculture. The resulting state is typically used for cattle production, but the productivity of these systems is often very low, and erosion of the unprotected soil is a common problem. Such dry-land degradation is of great international concern, not only because the resulting state is hardly productive but also because it paves the way to desertification. The natural distribution of the genus Prosopis includes arid and semiarid zones of the Americas, Africa and Asia, but the majority of the Prosopis species are, however, native to the Americas. In order to assess a likely gradient in the response of tree species to precipitation, temperature and their connection to El Niño southern oscillation (ENSO) events, two Prosopis species were chosen along a latitudinal gradient in Latin America, from northern Peru to central Chile: Prosopis pallida from a semi-arid land in northern and southern Peru and P. chilensis from a semiarid land in central Chile. Growth rings of each species were crossdated at each sampling site using classical dendrochronological techniques. Chronologies were related with instrumental climatic records in each site, as well as with SOI and N34 series. Cross-correlation, spectral and wavelet analysis techniques were used to assess the relation of growth with precipitation and temperature. Despite the long distance among sites, the two Prosopis species presented similar responses. Thus, the two species' growth is positively correlated to precipitation, while with temperature it is not. In northern Peru, precipitation and growth of P. pallida present a similar cyclic pattern, with a period of around 3 years. On the other hand, P. pallida in southern Peru, and P. chilensis also present this cyclic pattern, but also another one with lower frequency, coinciding with the pattern of precipitation. Both cycles are within the range of the ENSO band.
Drets: Tots els drets reservats
Llengua: Anglès.
Document: article ; recerca ; publishedVersion
Matèria: Algarrobo ; Chile ; Dendrochronology ; El Niño ; Perú ; Prosopis chilensis ; Prosopis pallida ; Semiarid land species ; Spectral analysis ; Wavelet analysis ; Xile ; Dendrocronologia ; Espècies de terres semiàrides ; Anàlisi espectral ; Wavelet anàlisi ; dendrocronología ; Especies de tierras semiáridas ; Análisis espectral ; Análisis dendrocronología ; Análisis wavelet
Publicat a: Global Change Biology, Vol. 12, Núm. 5 (Maig 2006) , p. 897-906, ISSN 1365-2486



10 p, 189.0 KB

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Documents de recerca > Documents dels grups de recerca de la UAB > Centres i grups de recerca (producció científica) > Ciències > CREAF (Centre de Recerca Ecològica i d'Aplicacions Forestals)
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