Web of Science: 19 citations, Scopus: 22 citations, Google Scholar: citations
Staging anti-inflammatory therapy in Alzheimer’s disease
Lichtenstein, Mathieu (Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona. Institut de Neurociències)
Carriba, Paulina (Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona. Institut de Neurociències)
Masgrau Juanola, Roser (Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona. Departament de Bioquímica i Biologia Molecular)
Pujol, Aurora (Institució Catalana de Recerca i Estudis Avançats)
Galea Rodríguez de Velasco, Elena (Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona. Institut de Neurociències)

Date: 2010
Abstract: The use of non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs)in Alzheimer’s disease (AD) is controversial because conclusions from numerous epidemiological studies reporting delayed onset of AD in NSAID users have not been corroborated in clinical trials. The purpose of this personal view is to revise the case for NSAIDs in AD therapeutics in light of: (i) the last report from the only primary prevention trial in AD, ADAPT, which, although incomplete, points to significant protection in long-term naproxen users, and (ii) the recently proposed dynamic model of AD evolution. The model contends that there is a clinical silent phase in AD that can last up to 20 years, the duration depending on life style habits, genetic factors, or cognitive reserve. The failure of many purported disease-modifying drugs in AD clinical trials is forcing the view that treatments will only be efficacious if administered pre-clinically. Here we will argue that NSAIDs failed in clinical trials because they are disease-modifying drugs, and they should be administered in early stages of the disease. A complete prevention trial in cognitively normal individuals is thus called for. Further, the shift of anti-inflammatory treatment to early stages uncovers a knowledge void about the targets of NSAIDs in asymptomatic individuals. AD researchers have mostly relied on post-mortem analysis of Aβ plaque-laden brains from demented patients or animal models, thus drawing conclusions about AD pathogenesis based on late symptoms. We will discuss evidence in support that defective, not excessive, inflammation underlies AD pathogenesis, that NSAIDs are multifunctional drugs acting on inflammatory and a non-inflammatory targets, and that astrocytes and microglia may play differing roles in disease progression, with an emphasis of ApoEε4 as a key, undervalued target of NSAIDs. According to a meta-analysis of epidemiological data, NSAIDs afford an average protection of 58%. If this figure is true, and translated into patient numbers, NSAID treatment may revive as a worth pursuing strategy to significantly reduce the socio-economical burden imposed by AD.
Rights: Aquest document està subjecte a una llicència d'ús Creative Commons. Es permet la reproducció total o parcial, la distribució, la comunicació pública de l'obra i la creació d'obres derivades, fins i tot amb finalitats comercials, sempre i quan es reconegui l'autoria de l'obra original. Creative Commons
Language: Anglès.
Document: article ; recerca ; publishedVersion
Subject: Ibuprofèn ; Naproxèn ; Astròcits ; Marcadors bioquímics ; Ibuprofen ; Naproxen ; Astrocytes ; ApoE ; Apolipoproteïna E ; Microglia ; Micròglia ; Biomarkers ; Biomarcadors
Published in: Frontiers in aging neuroscience, Vol. 2, article 142 (October 2010) , p. 1-6, ISSN 1663-4365

DOI: 10.3389/fnagi.2010.00142
PMID: 21152343

6 p, 958.9 KB

The record appears in these collections:
Research literature > UAB research groups literature > Research Centres and Groups (scientific output) > Health sciences and biosciences > Institut de Neurociències (INc)
Articles > Research articles
Articles > Published articles

 Record created 2014-10-08, last modified 2018-11-11

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