Web of Science: 24 citas, Scopus: 27 citas, Google Scholar: citas
Metabolic Flux Analysis during the Exponential Growth Phase of Saccharomyces cerevisiae in Wine Fermentations
Quirós, Manuel (Instituto de Ciencias de la Vid y del Vino)
Martínez Moreno, Rubén (Instituto de Ciencias de la Vid y del Vino)
Albiol i Sala, Joan (Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona. Departament d'Enginyeria Química, Biològica i Ambiental)
Morales, Pilar (Instituto de Ciencias de la Vid y del Vino)
Vázquez Lima, Felícitas (Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona. Departament d'Enginyeria Química)
Barreiro Vázquez, Antonio (Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona. Departament d'Enginyeria Química)
Ferrer, Pau (Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona. Departament d'Enginyeria Química)
Gonzalez, Ramon (Instituto de Ciencias de la Vid y del Vino)

Fecha: 2013
Resumen: As a consequence of the increase in global average temperature, grapes with the adequate phenolic and aromatic maturity tend to be overripe by the time of harvest, resulting in increased sugar concentrations and imbalanced C/N ratios in fermenting musts. This fact sets obvious additional hurdles in the challenge of obtaining wines with reduced alcohols levels, a new trend in consumer demands. It would therefore be interesting to understand Saccharomyces cerevisiae physiology during the fermentation of must with these altered characteristics. The present study aims to determine the distribution of metabolic fluxes during the yeast exponential growth phase, when both carbon and nitrogen sources are in excess, using continuous cultures. Two different sugar concentrations were studied under two different winemaking temperature conditions. Although consumption and production rates for key metabolites were severely affected by the different experimental conditions studied, the general distribution of fluxes in central carbon metabolism was basically conserved in all cases. It was also observed that temperature and sugar concentration exerted a higher effect on the pentose phosphate pathway and glycerol formation than on glycolysis and ethanol production. Additionally, nitrogen uptake, both quantitatively and qualitatively, was strongly influenced by environmental conditions. This work provides the most complete stoichiometric model used for Metabolic Flux Analysis of S. cerevisiae in wine fermentations employed so far, including the synthesis and release of relevant aroma compounds and could be used in the design of optimal nitrogen supplementation of wine fermentations.
Derechos: Aquest document està subjecte a una llicència d'ús Creative Commons. Es permet la reproducció total o parcial, la distribució, la comunicació pública de l'obra i la creació d'obres derivades, fins i tot amb finalitats comercials, sempre i quan es reconegui l'autoria de l'obra original. Creative Commons
Lengua: Anglès
Documento: article ; recerca ; publishedVersion
Materia: Glucose metabolism ; Fermentation ; Glucose ; Saccharomyces cerevisiae ; Glycerol ; Wine ; Nitrogen metabolism ; Amino acid analysis
Publicado en: PloS one, Vol. 8 Issue 8 (August 2013) , p. e71909, ISSN 1932-6203

DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0071909
PMID: 23967264

14 p, 1.5 MB

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