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Contrasting growth and water use strategies in four co-occurring Mediterranean tree species revealed by concurrent measurements of sap flow and stem diameter variations
Sànchez Costa, Elisenda (Centre de Recerca Ecològica i Aplicacions Forestals)
Poyatos López, Rafael (Centre de Recerca Ecològica i Aplicacions Forestals)
Sabaté i Jorba, Santi (Centre de Recerca Ecològica i Aplicacions Forestals)

Date: 2015
Abstract: Drought limits tree water use and growth of Mediterranean trees. However, growth and water use strategies are rarely addressed simultaneously across species and drought conditions. Here, we investigate the link between stem diameter variations and sap flow in four co-existing Mediterranean trees (Pinus halepensis Mill. , Quercus pubescens Willd. , Quercus ilex L. and Arbutus unedo L. ), under relatively wet (2011) and dry (2012) conditions. Continuous stem diameter variations were converted to basal area increment (BAI) and de-trended to estimate tree water deficit (ΔW), an indicator of stem hydration. P. halepensis and Q. pubescens showed the most and the least conservative sap flow density (Js) regulation under drought, respectively, with Q. ilex and A. unedo showing intermediate drought responses. All species, except A. unedo, showed some between-year variability in the environmental control of Js. Seasonal stem shrinkage in response to drought (i. e. , increasing ΔW) and subsequent trunk rehydration after rainfall (i. e. , decreasing ΔW) occurred in all species. Vapor pressure deficit (VPD) and soil moisture (θ) interacted to determine seasonal variation in ΔW. Interestingly, in the dry year, 2012, more species-specific differences were found in the responses of ΔW to θ and VPD. Across species, Js and ΔW began to decline at similar soil moisture thresholds, underpinning the tight link between Js and ΔW under varying drought conditions. Annual BAI decreased proportionally more than tree-level transpiration (JT) between the wet (2011) and the dry (2012) year, hence growth-based WUE (WUEBAI = BAI/JT) decreased for all species, albeit less acutely for P. halepensis. Overall, despite their contrasting leaf habit and wood type, the studied Mediterranean tree species show coordinated responses of transpiration, water storage dynamics and growth-based WUE which allow them to cope with seasonal and interannual drought.
Note: Número d'acord de subvenció MICINN/CGL2008-04847-C02-02
Note: Número d'acord de subvenció MICINN/CSD2008-00040
Note: Número d'acord de subvenció MINECO/CGL2011-30590-C02-01
Note: Número d'acord de subvenció AGAUR/2014/SGR-247
Rights: Aquest document està subjecte a una llicència d'ús Creative Commons. Es permet la reproducció total o parcial i la comunicació pública de l'obra, sempre que no sigui amb finalitats comercials, i sempre que es reconegui l'autoria de l'obra original. No es permet la creació d'obres derivades. Creative Commons
Language: Anglès.
Document: article ; recerca ; acceptedVersion
Subject: Automatic dendrometer ; Growth-based water use efficiency ; Tree transpiration ; Tree water deficit ; Water availability
Published in: Agricultural and forest meteorology, Vol. 207 (July 2015) , p. 24-37, ISSN 0168-1923

DOI: 10.1016/j.agrformet.2015.03.012

Article. Post-print
48 p, 3.1 MB

Material suplementari. Post-print
9 p, 1.3 MB

Idees destacades. Post-print
1 p, 451.8 KB

The record appears in these collections:
Research literature > UAB research groups literature > Research Centres and Groups (scientific output) > Experimental sciences > CREAF (Centre de Recerca Ecològica i d'Aplicacions Forestals)
Articles > Research articles
Articles > Published articles

 Record created 2016-04-07, last modified 2019-02-13

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