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Scopus: 40 cites, Web of Science: 31 cites,
Distributions of U₃₇ᵏ and U₃₇ᵏ′ in the surface waters and sediments of the Nordic Seas : implications for paleoceanography
Bendle, James (University of Durham. Department of Geography)
Rosell Melé, Antoni (Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona. Institut de Ciència i Tecnologia Ambientals)

Data: 2004
Resum: In this paper we revise the application of the U₃₇ᵏ′ and U₃₇ᵏ indices as sea surface temperature (SST) proxies in the Nordic Seas. In the summer of 1999 and 2000 we obtained samples of filtered particulate organic matter (POM) from surface waters (∼6 m depth) of the Nordic Seas. A number of samples were collected from polar waters with up to 80% of sea ice cover. Alkenones were detected in all of the major water masses of the Nordic seas, across a spectrum of SST values from −0. 5 to 13°C and SSS values from 29. 6 to 35. 6 (psu). Concentrations of alkenones were similar in magnitude to those reported previously for the North Atlantic and the Southern Ocean. Values of U₃₇ᵏ′ from the new Nordic Seas POM data show no correlation with SST below 8°C. In contrast, below this temperature a linear correlation exists between U₃₇ᵏ and regional SST, supporting previous suggestions that, overall, U₃₇ᵏ may be a more appropriate SST index for the region. It must be noted however that U₃₇ᵏ is calculated using the tetraunsaturated alkenone, and the dominant control on this compound is not yet fully understood. The new data highlight major differences between distributions of U₃₇ᵏ and U₃₇ᵏ′ in the water column POM and surficial sediments of the Nordic Seas. We also examine the geographical dependence of the U₃₇ᵏ′ versus SST relationship in the region's surficial sediments. Some areas are associated with unreliable SST estimates, whereas in others the U₃₇ᵏ′ versus SST relationship falls within the range of a global core top calibration. It is suggested that the breakdown of the U₃₇ᵏ′-SST relationship in some regions is due to ecological and sedimentological factors. The latter relates to the extension of the habitats of alkenone producers in polar waters. The former to the resuspension of sediments and laterally transported alkenone inputs. This suggests that accurate alkenone derived SST estimates in the Nordic seas are geographically constrained.
Drets: Tots els drets reservats
Llengua: Anglès
Document: article ; recerca ; publishedVersion
Matèria: Alkenones ; Paleotemperature ; Calibration ; Nordic Seas
Publicat a: Geochemistry, geophysics, geosystems, Vol. 5 Issue 11 (Nov. 2004) , ISSN 1525-2027

DOI: 10.1029/2004GC000741

19 p, 1.5 MB

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