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In search of a reliable technique for the determination of the biological stability of the organic matter in the mechanical-biological treated waste
Barrena Gómez, Raquel (Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona. Departament d'Enginyeria Química, Biològica i Ambiental)
Imporzano, Giuliana d' (Università Degli Studi di Milano. Dipartimento di Produzione Vegetale)
Ponsá Salas, Sergio (Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona. Departament d'Enginyeria Química, Biològica i Ambiental)
Gea Leiva, Teresa (Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona. Departament d'Enginyeria Química, Biològica i Ambiental)
Artola Casacuberta, Adriana (Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona. Departament d'Enginyeria Química, Biològica i Ambiental)
Vázquez Lima, Felícitas (Institut de Biotecnologia i de Biomedicina "Vicent Villar Palasí")
Sanchez, Antoni (Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona. Departament d'Enginyeria Química, Biològica i Ambiental)
Adani, Fabrizio (Università Degli Studi di Milano. Dipartimento di Produzione Vegetale)

Date: 2009
Abstract: The biological stability determines the extent to which readily biodegradable organic matter has decomposed. In this work, a massive estimation of indices suitable for the measurement of biological stability of the organic matter content in solid waste samples has been carried out. Samples from different stages in a mechanical-biological treatment (MBT) plant treating municipal solid wastes (MSW) were selected as examples of different stages of organic matter stability in waste biological treatment. Aerobic indices based on respiration techniques properly reflected the process of organic matter biodegradation. Static and dynamic respirometry showed similar values in terms of aerobic biological activity (expressed as oxygen uptake rate, OUR), whereas cumulative oxygen consumption was a reliable method to express the biological stability of organic matter in solid samples. Methods based on OUR and cumulative oxygen consumption were positively correlated. Anaerobic methods based on biogas production (BP) tests also reflected well the degree of biological stability, although significant differences were found in solid and liquid BP assays. A significant correlation was found between cumulative oxygen consumption and ultimate biogas production. The results obtained in this study can be a basis for the quantitative measurement of the efficiency in the stabilization of organic matter in waste treatment plants, including MBT plants, anaerobic digestion of MSW and composting plants.
Note: Número d'acord de subvenció MEC/CTM2006-00315
Rights: Tots els drets reservats
Language: Anglès.
Document: article ; recerca ; submittedVersion
Subject: Biogas ; Composting
Published in: Journal of hazardous materials, Vol. 162, Issues 2-3 (March 2009) , p. 1065-1072, ISSN 0304-3894

DOI: 10.1016/j.jhazmat.2008.05.141


Pre-print
33 p, 544.1 KB

The record appears in these collections:
Research literature > UAB research groups literature > Research Centres and Groups (scientific output) > Engineering > Composting Research Group (GICOM)
Articles > Research articles
Articles > Published articles

 Record created 2016-09-05, last modified 2020-03-25



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