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Polymorphism in the ELOVL6 Gene Is Associated with a Major QTL Effect on Fatty Acid Composition in Pigs
Corominas Galbany, Jordi (Centre de Recerca en Agrigenòmica. Departament de Genètica Animal)
Ramayo-Caldas, Yuliaxis (Centre de Recerca en Agrigenòmica)
Puig-Oliveras, Anna (Centre de Recerca en Agrigenòmica)
Pérez-Montarelo, Dafne (Instituto Nacional de Investigación y Tecnología Agraria y Alimentaria (Espanya). Departamento de Mejora Genética Animal)
Noguera Jiménez, José Luis (Institut de Recerca i Tecnologia Agroalimentàries)
Folch Albareda, Josep Maria (Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona. Departament de Ciència Animal i dels Aliments)

Date: 2013
Abstract: Background: The ELOVL fatty acid elongase 6 (ELOVL6), the only elongase related to de novo lipogenesis, catalyzes the ratelimiting step in the elongation cycle by controlling the fatty acid balance in mammals. It is located on pig chromosome 8 (SSC8) in a region where a QTL affecting palmitic, and palmitoleic acid composition was previously detected, using an Iberian x Landrace intercross. The main goal of this work was to fine-map the QTL and to evaluate the ELOVL6 gene as a positional candidate gene affecting the percentages of palmitic and palmitoleic fatty acids in pigs. Methodology and Principal Findings: The combination of a haplotype-based approach and single-marker analysis allowed us to identify the main, associated interval for the QTL, in which the ELOVL6 gene was identified and selected as a positional candidate gene. A polymorphism in the promoter region of ELOVL6, ELOVL6:c. -533C. T, was highly associated with the percentage of palmitic and palmitoleic acids in muscle and backfat. Significant differences in ELOVL6 gene expression were observed in backfat when animals were classified by the ELOVL6:c. -533C. T genotype. Accordingly, animals carrying the allele associated with a decrease in ELOVL6 gene expression presented an increase in C16:0 and C16:1(n-7) fatty acid content and a decrease of elongation activity ratios in muscle and backfat. Furthermore, a SNP genome-wide association study with ELOVL6 relative expression levels in backfat showed the strongest effect on the SSC8 region in which the ELOVL6 gene is located. Finally, different potential genomic regions associated with ELOVL6 gene expression were also identified by GWAS in liver and muscle, suggesting a differential tissue regulation of the ELOVL6 gene. Conclusions and Significance: Our results suggest ELOVL6 as a potential causal gene for the QTL analyzed and, subsequently, for controlling the overall balance of fatty acid composition in pigs.
Note: Número d'acord de subvenció MICINN/AGL2011-29821-CO2
Note: Número d'acord de subvenció MICINN/AGL2008-04818-C03
Note: Número d'acord de subvenció MEC/BES-2009-018223
Note: Número d'acord de subvenció MEC/AP2008-01450
Note: Número d'acord de subvenció MICINN/CSD2007-00036
Rights: Aquest document està subjecte a una llicència d'ús Creative Commons. Es permet la reproducció total o parcial, la distribució, la comunicació pública de l'obra i la creació d'obres derivades, fins i tot amb finalitats comercials, sempre i quan es reconegui l'autoria de l'obra original. Creative Commons
Language: Anglès.
Document: article ; recerca ; publishedVersion
Published in: PLoS one, Vol. 8, issue 1 (2013) , art. 53687, ISSN 1932-6203

DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0053687
PMID: 23341976


12 p, 814.7 KB

The record appears in these collections:
Research literature > UAB research groups literature > Research Centres and Groups (scientific output) > Experimental sciences > CRAG (Centre for Research in Agricultural Genomics)
Articles > Research articles
Articles > Published articles

 Record created 2017-03-01, last modified 2019-02-19



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