Global and regional phosphorus budgets in agricultural systems and their implications for phosphorus-use efficiency
Lun, Fein (China Agricultural University. College of Resources and Environment Sciences)
Liu, Jungo (South University of Science and Technology of China. School of Environmental Science and Engineering)
Ciais, Philippe (Centre d'Etudes Orme des Merisiers)
Nesme, Thomas (Université de Bordeaux. Bordeaux Sciences Agro)
Sardans, Jordi (Centre de Recerca Ecològica i Aplicacions Forestals)
Peñuelas, Josep (Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona. Departament de Biologia Animal, de Biologia Vegetal i d'Ecologia)

Date: 2018
Abstract: The application of phosphorus (P) fertilizer to agricultural soils increased by 3. 2 % annually from 2002 to 2010. We quantified in detail the P inputs and outputs of cropland and pasture, and the P fluxes through human and livestock consumers of agricultural products, at global, regional, and national scales from 2002 to 2010. Globally, half of the total P input (21. 3 Tg P yr−1) into agricultural systems accumulated in agricultural soils during this period, with the rest lost to bodies of water through complex flows. Global P accumulation in agricultural soil increased from 2002 to 2010, despite decreases in 2008 and 2009, and the P accumulation occurred primarily in cropland. Despite the global increase of soil P, 32 % of the world's cropland and 43 % of the pasture had soil P deficits. Increasing soil P deficits were found for African cropland, versus increasing P accumulation in Eastern Asia. European and North American pasture had a soil P deficit because continuous removal of biomass P by grazing exceeded P inputs. International trade played a significant role in P redistribution among countries through the flows of P in fertilizer and food among countries. Based on country-scale budgets and trends we propose policy options to potentially mitigate regional P imbalances in agricultural soils, particularly by optimizing the use of phosphate fertilizer and recycling of waste P. The trend of increasing consumption of livestock products will require more P inputs to the agricultural system, implying a low P-use efficiency aggravating the P stocks scarcity in the future. The global and regional phosphorus budgets and their PUEs in agricultural systems is publicly available at https://doi. pangaea. de/10. 1594/PANGAEA. 875296.
Note: Agraïments: This study was supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (41571022, 41625001), the Beijing Natural Science Foundation (Grant 8151002).
Note: Número d'acord de subvenció EC/FP7/610028
Rights: Aquest document està subjecte a una llicència d'ús Creative Commons. Es permet la reproducció total o parcial, la distribució, la comunicació pública de l'obra i la creació d'obres derivades, fins i tot amb finalitats comercials, sempre i quan es reconegui l'autoria de l'obra original. Creative Commons
Language: Anglès
Document: article ; recerca ; acceptedVersion
Subject: Phosphorus budget ; Phosphorus-use efficiency ; Global scale ; Regional scale
Published in: Earth system science data discussions, Vol. 10 (2018) , p. 1-18, ISSN 1866-3591

DOI: 10.5194/essd-2017-41

45 p, 1.5 MB

The record appears in these collections:
Research literature > UAB research groups literature > Research Centres and Groups (scientific output) > Experimental sciences > CREAF (Centre de Recerca Ecològica i d'Aplicacions Forestals) > Imbalance-P
Articles > Research articles
Articles > Published articles

 Record created 2017-06-22, last modified 2018-01-25

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