Web of Science: 3 citations, Scopus: 3 citations, Google Scholar: citations,
Ancient DNA sheds light on the ancestry of pre-hispanic Canarian pigs
Olalde, Iñigo (Consejo Superior de Investigaciones Científicas. Institut de Biologia Evolutiva (CSIC))
Capote Álvarez, Juan (Instituto Canario de Investigaciones Agrarias)
Arco Aguilar, María del Carmen (Universidad de La Laguna. Departamento de Geografía e Historia)
Atoche Peña, Pablo (Universidad de Las Palmas de Gran Canaria. Departamento de Ciencias Históricas)
Delgado Darías, Teresa (Museo Canario)
González-Anton, Rafael (Museo de la Naturaleza y el Hombre-M Arqueológico)
Pais, Jorge (Museo Arqueológico Benahorita)
Amills i Eras, Marcel (Centre de Recerca en Agrigenòmica)
Lalueza-Fox, Carles (Consejo Superior de Investigaciones Científicas (CSIC). Institut de Biologia Evolutiva)
Ramírez, Óscar (Consejo Superior de Investigaciones Científicas. Institut de Biologia Evolutiva (CSIC))

Date: 2015
Abstract: Background: Canarian Black (CB) pigs belong to an autochthonous and endangered breed, which is spread throughout the Canarian archipelago. It is commonly accepted that they represent a relic of the pig populations that were bred by the Berbers in North Africa over millennia. It is important to note that the geographic isolation of the Canary Islands has preserved this genetic legacy intact from foreign introgressions until the Spanish conquest of the archipelago in the 15th century. Ten years ago, it was demonstrated that, in CB pigs, the frequency of the Asian A2 cytochrome-b haplogroup reached 73%. The current work aimed at investigating whether this observation is explained by either a recent or an ancient introgression of CB pigs with Far Eastern pigs. Results: Genetic analyses of 23 ancient samples from pre-hispanic Canarian pigs (420 to 2500 years before present) showed that Near Eastern and Far Eastern genetic signatures were totally absent in the primitive Canarian pre-hispanic pigs. Indeed, the haplotypes detected in these pigs were closely related to those of North African and European wild boars. Conclusions: Our results demonstrate that the high frequency of the Far Eastern mitochondrial cytochrome B A2 haplotype in modern Canarian Black pigs probably corresponds to a relatively recent introgression with British breeds.
Rights: Aquest document està subjecte a una llicència d'ús Creative Commons. Es permet la reproducció total o parcial, la distribució, la comunicació pública de l'obra i la creació d'obres derivades, fins i tot amb finalitats comercials, sempre i quan es reconegui l'autoria de l'obra original. Creative Commons
Language: Anglès.
Document: article ; recerca ; publishedVersion
Published in: Genetics selection evolution, Vol. 47 (2015) , art.40, ISSN 1297-9686

DOI: 10.1186/s12711-015-0115-7
PMID: 25944642

5 p, 1.2 MB

The record appears in these collections:
Research literature > UAB research groups literature > Research Centres and Groups (scientific output) > Experimental sciences > CRAG (Centre for Research in Agricultural Genomics)
Articles > Research articles
Articles > Published articles

 Record created 2017-10-24, last modified 2018-10-21

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