Web of Science: 14 cites, Scopus: 16 cites, Google Scholar: cites
Relationship between intraoperative regional cerebral oxygen saturation trends and cognitive decline after total knee replacement : a post-hoc analysis
Salazar, Fátima (Hospital Clínic i Provincial de Barcelona)
Doñate, Marta (Hospital Clínic i Provincial de Barcelona)
Boget, Teresa (Hospital Clínic i Provincial de Barcelona)
Bogdanovich, Ana (Hospital Clínic i Provincial de Barcelona)
Basora, Misericordia (Hospital Clínic i Provincial de Barcelona)
Torres, Ferran (Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona)
Gracia, Isabel (Hospital Clínic i Provincial de Barcelona)
Fàbregas, Neus (Hospital Clínic i Provincial de Barcelona)

Data: 2014
Resum: Bilateral regional brain oxygen saturation (rSO) trends, reflecting intraoperative brain oxygen imbalance, could warn of brain dysfunction. Various types of cognitive impairment, such as memory decline, alterations in executive function or subjective complaints, have been described three months after surgery. Our aim was to explore the potential utility of rSO values as a warning sign for the development of different types of decline in postoperative psychological function. Observational post-hoc analysis of data for the patient sample (n = 125) of a previously conducted clinical trial in patients over the age of 65 years undergoing total knee replacement under spinal anesthesia. Demographic, hemodynamic and bilateral rSO intraoperative values were recorded. An absolute rSO value of <50% or a reduction of >20% or >25% below baseline were chosen as relevant cutoffs. Composite function test scores were created from baseline to three months for each patient and adjusted for the mean (SD) score changes for a control group (n = 55). Tests were used to assess visual-motor coordination and executive function (VM-EF) (Wechsler Digit Symbol-Coding and Visual Reproduction, Trail Making Test) and memory (Auditory Verbal Learning, Wechsler Memory Scale); scales were used to assess psychological symptoms. We observed no differences in baseline rSO values; rSO decreased significantly in all patients during surgery (P < 0. 0001). Seventy-five patients (60%) had no sign of cognitive decline or psychological symptoms. Twenty-one patients (16. 8%) had memory decline, 3 (2. 4%) had VM-EF decline, and 33 (26. 4%) had psychological symptoms. Left and right rSO values were asymmetric in patients who had memory decline (mean [SD] left-right ratio of 95. 03 [8. 51] vs 101. 29 [6. 7] for patients with no changes, P = 0. 0012). The mean right-left difference in rSO was also significant in these patients (-2. 87% [4. 73%], lower on the right, P = 0. 0034). Detection of a trend to asymmetry in rSO values can warn of possible postoperative onset of memory decline. Psychological symptoms and memory decline were common three months after knee replacement in our patients over the age of 65 years.
Nota: Altres ajuts: This study has been supported by a Spanish National Grant (FIS PI050066, principal investigator Dr. Fatima Salazar)
Drets: Aquest document està subjecte a una llicència d'ús Creative Commons. Es permet la reproducció total o parcial, la distribució, la comunicació pública de l'obra i la creació d'obres derivades, fins i tot amb finalitats comercials, sempre i quan es reconegui l'autoria de l'obra original. Creative Commons
Llengua: Anglès
Document: Article ; recerca ; Versió publicada
Matèria: Cerebral oximetry ; Near-infrared spectroscopy ; Postoperative memory dysfunction ; Postoperative visual-motor coordination and executive function ; Postoperative psychological decline
Publicat a: BMC Anesthesiology, Vol. 14 (july 2014) , p. 58, ISSN 1471-2253

DOI: 10.1186/1471-2253-14-58
PMID: 25061427


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