Web of Science: 50 cites, Scopus: 55 cites, Google Scholar: cites,
Comparative analysis of distinct phenotypes in gambling disorder based on gambling preferences
Moragas, Laura (Hospital Universitari de Bellvitge)
Granero, Roser (Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona. Departament de Psicobiologia i de Metodologia de Ciències de la Salut)
Stinchfield, Randy (University of Minnesota. Department of Psychiatry)
Fernández Aranda, Fernando (Hospital Universitari de Bellvitge)
Fröberg, Frida (Karolinska Institutet)
Aymamí i Sanromà, Maria Neus (Hospital Universitari de Bellvitge)
Gómez Peña, Mónica (Hospital Universitari de Bellvitge)
Fagundo Morales, Ana Beatriz (Centro de Investigación Biomédica en Red de Fisiopatología de la Obesidad y Nutrición)
Islam, Mohammed A. (Centro de Investigación Biomédica en Red de Fisiopatología de la Obesidad y Nutrición)
Pino Gutiérrez, Amparo del (Universitat de Barcelona. Departament d'Infermeria de Salut Pública, Salut Mental i Maternoinfantil)
Agüera, Zaida (Centro de Investigación Biomédica en Red de Fisiopatología de la Obesidad y Nutrición)
Savvidou, Lamprini G. (Hospital Universitari de Bellvitge)
Arcelus, Jon (Leicester Eating Disorders Service)
Witcomb, Gemma L. (Leicester Eating Disorders Service)
Sauchelli, Sarah (Hospital Universitari de Bellvitge)
Menchón Magriñá, José Manuel (Hospital Universitari de Bellvitge)
Jiménez-Murcia, Susana (Institut d'Investigació Biomèdica de Bellvitge)

Data: 2015
Resum: Studies examining gambling preferences have identified the importance of the type of gambling practiced on distinct individual profiles. The objectives were to compare clinical, psychopathological and personality variables between two different groups of individuals with a gambling disorder (strategic and non-strategic gamblers) and to evaluate the statistical prediction capacity of these preferences with respect to the severity of the disorder. A total sample of 2010 treatment-seeking patients with a gambling disorder participated in this stand-alone study. All were recruited from a single Pathological Gambling Unit in Spain (1709 strategic and 301 non-strategic gamblers). The design of the study was cross-sectional and data were collected at the start of treatment. Data was analysed using logistic regression for binary outcomes and analysis of variance (ANOVA) for quantitative responses. There were significant differences in several socio-demographic and clinical variables, as well as in personality traits (novelty seeking and cooperativeness). Multiple regression analysis showed harm avoidance and self-directedness were the main predictors of gambling severity and psychopathology, while age at assessment and age of onset of gambling behaviour were predictive of gambling severity. Strategic gambling (as opposed to non-strategic) was significantly associated with clinical outcomes, but the effect size of the relationships was small. It is possible to identify distinct phenotypes depending on the preference of gambling. While these phenotypes differ in relation to the severity of the gambling disorder, psychopathology and personality traits, they can be useful from a clinical and therapeutic perspective in enabling risk factors to be identified and prevention programs targeting specific individual profiles to be developed.
Drets: Aquest document està subjecte a una llicència d'ús Creative Commons. Es permet la reproducció total o parcial, la distribució, la comunicació pública de l'obra i la creació d'obres derivades, fins i tot amb finalitats comercials, sempre i quan es reconegui l'autoria de l'obra original. Creative Commons
Llengua: Anglès
Document: article ; recerca ; Versió publicada
Matèria: Gambling disorder ; Subtypes ; Gambling preferences ; Strategic games
Publicat a: BMC Psychiatry, Vol. 15 (april 2015) , ISSN 1471-244X

DOI: 10.1186/s12888-015-0459-0
PMID: 25886577


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