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Serological survey of Coxiella burnetii at the wildlife–livestock interface in the Eastern Pyrenees, Spain
Fernández-Aguilar, Xavier (Fundació Centre de Recerca en Sanitat Animal)
Cabezón Ponsoda, Óscar (Fundació Centre de Recerca en Sanitat Animal)
Colom-Cadena, Andreu (Fundació Centre de Recerca en Sanitat Animal)
Lavín González, Santiago (Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona. Departament de Medicina i Cirurgia Animals)
López Olvera, Jorge R. (Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona. Departament de Medicina i Cirurgia Animals)

Date: 2016
Abstract: Coxiella burnetii is a zoonotic bacterium that infects a wide range of animal species and causes the disease Q fever. Both wild and domestic ruminants may be relevant in the epidemiology of C. burnetii infection. In order to investigate the significance of the ruminant host community in the alpine and subalpine ecosystems of the Eastern Pyrenees, Northeastern Spain, in the epidemiology of Q fever, a serological survey was performed on samples from 599 wild and 353 sympatric domestic ruminants. Specific antibodies against C. burnetii were detected with a commercial enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). Domestic sheep showed the highest prevalence (12. 7 %, CI 95 % 8. 6–16. 9), followed by European mouflon (Ovis orientalis musimon) with a 6. 8 % prevalence (CI 95 % 1. 6–12. 1), red deer (Cervus elaphus) with 2. 4 % (CI 95 % 0–5. 6), and cattle with a prevalence of 1. 1 % (CI 95 % 0–3. 2). No positive domestic goats, fallow deer (Dama dama), roe deer (Capreolus capreolus) and Southern chamois (Rupicapra pyrenaica) were detected. Sheep flock prevalence was 75 % (nine of the 12 sheep flocks sampled were positive, within-flock prevalence ranging from 11. 1 to 25. 0 %), whereas cattle herd prevalence was 11. 1 % (one out of the nine cattle herds sampled was positive, within-herd prevalence of 10. 0 %. Both domestic and wild ruminants from the alpine and subalpine ecosystems of the Eastern Pyrenees were exposed to C. burnetii. The higher seroprevalence in sheep and its relative abundance suggest that this species may have a major contribution to the ecology of C. burnetii. Conversely, wild ruminants do not seem to represent a relevant host community for C. burnetii maintenance in the Eastern Pyrenees.
Rights: Aquest document està subjecte a una llicència d'ús Creative Commons. Es permet la reproducció total o parcial, la distribució, i la comunicació pública de l'obra, sempre que no sigui amb finalitats comercials, i sempre que es reconegui l'autoria de l'obra original. No es permet la creació d'obres derivades. Creative Commons
Language: Anglès.
Document: article ; recerca ; publishedVersion
Subject: Coxiella burnetii ; Livestock ; Pyrenees ; Q Fever ; Spain ; Wildlife
Published in: Acta Veterinaria Scandinavica, Vol. 58 (april 2016) , ISSN 1751-0147

PMID: 27121001
DOI: 10.1186/s13028-016-0209-4

5 p, 1.2 MB

The record appears in these collections:
Research literature > UAB research groups literature > Research Centres and Groups (scientific output) > Health sciences and biosciences > Centre de Recerca en Sanitat Animal (CReSA-IRTA)
Articles > Research articles
Articles > Published articles

 Record created 2018-02-07, last modified 2018-11-14

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