Web of Science: 2 cites, Scopus: 3 cites, Google Scholar: cites,
Explaining the relationship between temperament and symptoms of psychiatric disorders from preschool to middle childhood : hybrid fixed and random effects models of Norwegian and Spanish children
Wichstrøm, Lars (Norges Teknisk-Naturvitenskapelige Universitet)
Penelo Werner, Eva (Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona. Unitat d'Epidemiologia i de Diagnòstic en Psicopatologia del Desenvolupament)
Viddal, Kristine Rensvik (Norges Teknisk-Naturvitenskapelige Universitet)
Osa, Nuria de la (Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona. Unitat d'Epidemiologia i de Diagnòstic en Psicopatologia del Desenvolupament)
Ezpeleta, L. (Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona. Unitat d'Epidemiologia i de Diagnòstic en Psicopatologia del Desenvolupament)

Data: 2018
Resum: Background: Four explanations for the concurrent and prospective associations between temperament and psychopathology in children have been suggested: predisposition, complication/scar, common cause/continuity, and pathoplasty/exacerbation. Because the confounding effects of common causes have not been ruled out in prior work, the support for the various explanations is uncertain. Methods: Screen-stratified community samples of 4-year olds in Trondheim, Norway (n = 1,042), and 3-year olds in Barcelona, Spain (n = 622), were assessed biennially for symptoms of attention-deficit/hyperactivity (ADHD), oppositional defiant (ODD), conduct (CD), anxiety, and depressive disorders through interviewer-based psychiatric interviews across four waves of data collection. The parents completed child temperament ratings. The data were analyzed with random and fixed effects regression adjusted for all time-invariant unmeasured confounders (e. g. , genetics, common methods bias, item overlap). Results: In both Norway and Spain and across ages, negative affect predisposed children to symptoms of all disorders except CD, low effortful control predisposed children to ADHD and ODD-symptoms, and surgency predisposed children to increased ADHD-symptoms. Complication effects were observed in the Spanish children for ADHD-symptoms, which increased surgency and diminished effortful control, and for ODD-symptoms, which decreased surgency. The common cause and pathoplasty/exacerbation explanations were not supported. Conclusions: The present results are consistent with the view that temperament plays a causal role in the development of symptoms of psychiatric disorders in children. Because temperament is malleable, interventions targeting the affective, attentional, and behavioral regulatory components of temperament may reduce psychopathology in children.
Nota: Número d'acord de subvenció 228685/H10
Nota: Número d'acord de subvenció MINECO/PSI2012-32695
Nota: Número d'acord de subvenció MINECO/PSI2015-63965-R
Drets: Aquest document està subjecte a una llicència d'ús Creative Commons. Es permet la reproducció total o parcial, la distribució, la comunicació pública de l'obra i la creació d'obres derivades, sempre que no sigui amb finalitats comercials, i sempre que es reconegui l'autoria de l'obra original. Creative Commons
Llengua: Anglès.
Document: article ; recerca ; publishedVersion
Matèria: ADHD ; Anxiety ; Conduct disorder ; Complication ; Continuity ; Depression ; Effortful control ; Exacerbation ; Fixed effects ; Longitudinal ; Negative affectivity ; Oppositional defiant disorder ; Pathoplasty ; Predisposition ; Prospective ; Psychiatric symptoms ; Random effects ; Scar ; Surgency ; Temperament
Publicat a: The Journal of child psychology and psychiatry, Vol. 59, núm. 3 (2018) , p. 285-295, ISSN 0021-9630

DOI: 10.1111/jcpp.12772


11 p, 160.0 KB

El registre apareix a les col·leccions:
Documents de recerca > Documents dels grups de recerca de la UAB > Centres i grups de recerca (producció científica) > Ciències de la salut i biociències > Grup de Recerca Epidemiologia i Diagnòstic en Psicopatologia del Desenvolupament (UED)
Articles > Articles de recerca
Articles > Articles publicats

 Registre creat el 2018-02-14, darrera modificació el 2018-10-20



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