Is systematic training in opioid overdose prevention effective?
Espelt, Albert (Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona. Departament de Psicobiologia i Metodologia de les Ciències de la Salut)
Bosque-Prous, Marina (Agència de Salut Pública de Barcelona)
Folch Toda, Cinta (Centre d'Estudis Epidemiològics sobre les Infeccions de Transmissió Sexual i Sida de Catalunya (CEEISCAT))
Sarasa-Renedo, Ana (Agència de Salut Pública de Barcelona)
Majó, Xavier (Departament de Salut de la Generalitat de Catalunya. Subdirecció General de Drogodependències)
Casabona, Jordi (Departament de Salut de la Generalitat de Catalunya. Subdirecció General de Drogodependències)
Brugal, M. Teresa (Agència de Salut Pública de Barcelona)
REDAN Group

Date: 2017
Abstract: The objectives were to analyze the knowledge about overdose prevention, the use of naloxone, and the number of fatal overdoses after the implementation of Systematic Training in Overdose Prevention (STOOP) program. We conducted a quasi-experimental study, and held face-to-face interviews before (n = 725) and after (n = 722) implementation of systematic training in two different samples of people who injected opioids attending harm reduction centers. We asked participants to list the main causes of overdose and the main actions that should be taken when witnessing an overdose. We created two dependent variables, the number of (a) correct and (b) incorrect answers. The main independent variable was Study Group: Intervention Group (IG), Comparison Group (CG), Pre-Intervention Group With Sporadic Training in Overdose Prevention (PREIGS), or Pre-Intervention Group Without Training in Overdose Prevention (PREIGW). The relationship between the dependent and independent variables was assessed using a multivariate Poisson regression analysis. Finally, we conducted an interrupted time series analysis of monthly fatal overdoses before and after the implementation of systematic program during the period 2006±2015. Knowledge of overdose prevention increased after implementing systematic training program. Compared to the PREIGW, the IG gave more correct answers (IRR = 1. 40;95%CI:1. 33± 1. 47), and fewer incorrect answers (IRR = 0. 33;95%CI:0. 25±0. 44). Forty percent of people who injected opioids who received a naloxone kit had used the kit in response to an overdose they witnessed. These courses increase knowledge of overdose prevention in people who use opioids, give them the necessary skills to use naloxone, and slightly diminish the number of fatal opioid overdoses in the city of Barcelona.
Note: Número d'acord de subvenció ISCIII/RD06/0001/1018
Note: Número d'acord de subvenció ISCIII/ RD12/0028/0018
Rights: Aquest document està subjecte a una llicència d'ús Creative Commons. Es permet la reproducció total o parcial, la distribució, la comunicació pública de l'obra i la creació d'obres derivades, fins i tot amb finalitats comercials, sempre i quan es reconegui l'autoria de l'obra original. Creative Commons
Language: Anglès.
Document: article ; recerca ; publishedVersion
Published in: Plos one, Vol. 12 Núm. 10 (october 2017) , p. 1-14



14 p, 1.7 MB

The record appears in these collections:
Research literature > UAB research groups literature > Research Centres and Groups (scientific output) > Health sciences and biosciences > Institut d'Investigació en Ciencies de la Salut Germans Trias i Pujol (IGTP)
Articles > Research articles
Articles > Published articles

 Record created 2018-10-26, last modified 2019-07-21



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