Web of Science: 1 citations, Scopus: 2 citations, Google Scholar: citations,
Favorable effect of mycorrhizae on biomass production efficiency exceeds their carbon cost in a fertilization experiment
Verlinden, Melanie S. (Universiteit Antwerpen. Research Centre of Excellence Plants and Ecosystems)
Ven, Arne (Universiteit Antwerpen. Research Centre of Excellence Plants and Ecosystems)
Verbruggen, Erik (Universiteit Antwerpen. Research Centre of Excellence Plants and Ecosystems)
Janssens, Ivan A. (Universiteit Antwerpen. Research Centre of Excellence Plants and Ecosystems)
Wallander, Håkan (Lunds universitet. Biologiska institutionen)
Vicca, Sara (Universiteit Antwerpen. Research Centre of Excellence Plants and Ecosystems)

Date: 2018
Abstract: Biomass production efficiency (BPE), the ratio of biomass production to photosynthesis, varies greatly among ecosystems and typically increases with increasing nutrient availability. Reduced carbon partitioning to mycorrhizal fungi (i. e. , per unit photosynthesis) is the hypothesized underlying mechanism, as mycorrhizal abundance and plant dependence on these symbionts typically decrease with increasing nutrient availability. In a mesocosm experiment with Zea mays, we investigated the effect of nitrogen (N) and phosphorus (P) addition and of mycorrhizal inoculation on BPE. Photosynthesis and respiration were measured at mesocosm scale and at leaf scale. The growth of arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi (AMF) was assessed with ingrowth bags while also making use of the difference in δ13 C between C4 plants and C3 soil. Mesocosms without AMF, that is, with pasteurized soil, were used to further explore the role of AMF. Plant growth, photosynthesis, and BPE were positively affected by P, but not by N addition. AMF biomass also was slightly higher under P addition, but carbon partitioning to AMF was significantly lower than without P addition. Interestingly, in the absence of AMF, plants that did not receive P died prematurely. Our study confirmed the hypothesis that BPE increases with increasing nutrient availability, and that carbon partitioning to AMF plays a key role in this nutrient effect. The comparison of inoculated vs. pasteurized mesocosms further suggested a lower carbon cost of nutrient uptake via AMF than via other mechanisms under nutrient rich conditions.
Note: Número d'acord de subvenció EC/FP7/610028
Rights: Tots els drets reservats
Language: Anglès.
Document: article ; recerca ; publishedVersion
Published in: Ecology, Vol. 99, issue 11 (Nov. 2018) , p. 2525-2534, ISSN 0012-9658

DOI: 10.1002/ecy.2502

10 p, 966.2 KB

The record appears in these collections:
Research literature > UAB research groups literature > Research Centres and Groups (scientific output) > Experimental sciences > CREAF (Centre de Recerca Ecològica i d'Aplicacions Forestals) > Imbalance-P
Articles > Research articles
Articles > Published articles

 Record created 2019-01-09, last modified 2019-03-29

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